OSA's Digital Library

Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: Andrew M. Weiner
  • Vol. 21, Iss. 23 — Nov. 18, 2013
  • pp: 28758–28770

Depth-fused display with improved viewing characteristics

Soon-Gi Park, Jae-Hyun Jung, Youngmo Jeong, and Byoungho Lee  »View Author Affiliations

Optics Express, Vol. 21, Issue 23, pp. 28758-28770 (2013)

View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (7081 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools



We propose a depth-fused display (DFD) with enhanced viewing characteristics by hybridizing the depth-fusing technology with another three-dimensional display method such as multi-view or integral imaging method. With hybridization, the viewing angle and expressible depth range can be extended without changing the size of the volume of the system compared to the conventional DFD method. The proposed method is demonstrated with experimental system.

© 2013 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(100.6890) Image processing : Three-dimensional image processing
(110.2990) Imaging systems : Image formation theory

ToC Category:
Imaging Systems

Original Manuscript: September 3, 2013
Revised Manuscript: November 10, 2013
Manuscript Accepted: November 10, 2013
Published: November 14, 2013

Soon-Gi Park, Jae-Hyun Jung, Youngmo Jeong, and Byoungho Lee, "Depth-fused display with improved viewing characteristics," Opt. Express 21, 28758-28770 (2013)

Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  


  1. H. Urey, K. V. Chellappan, E. Erden, and P. Surman, “State of the art in stereoscopic and autostereoscopic displays,” Proc. IEEE99(4), 540–555 (2011). [CrossRef]
  2. B. Lee, “Three-dimensional displays, past and present,” Phys. Today66(4), 36–41 (2013). [CrossRef]
  3. S. Suyama, S. Ohtsuka, H. Takada, K. Uehira, and S. Sakai, “Apparent 3-D image perceived from luminance-modulated two 2-D images displayed at different depths,” Vision Res.44(8), 785–793 (2004). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. S. Suyama, H. Sonobe, T. Soumiya, A. Tsunakawa, H. Yamamoto, and H. Kuribayashi, “Edge-based depth-fused 3D display,” in Digital Holography and Three-Dimensional Imaging, OSA Technical Digest (online) (Optical Society of America, 2013), paper DM2A.3.
  5. S. Liu and H. Hua, “A systematic method for designing depth-fused multi-focal plane three-dimensional displays,” Opt. Express18(11), 11562–11573 (2010). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. S. Ravikumar, K. Akeley, and M. S. Banks, “Creating effective focus cues in multi-plane 3D displays,” Opt. Express19(21), 20940–20952 (2011). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. S. Suyama, Y. Ishigure, H. Takada, K. Nakazawa, J. Hosohata, Y. Takao, and T. Fujikado, “Evaluation of visual fatigue in viewing a depth-fused 3-D display in comparison with a 2-D display,” NTT Tech. Rev.3, 82–89 (2005).
  8. J.-W. Seo and T. Kim, “Double-layer projection display system using scattering polarizer film,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys.47(3), 1602–1605 (2008). [CrossRef]
  9. E. Walton, A. Evans, G. Gay, A. Jacobs, T. Wynne-Powell, G. Bourhill, P. Gass, and H. Walton, “Seeing depth from a single LCD,” in SID Symposium Digest of Technical Papers (Blackwell Publishing Ltd, 2009), Vol. 40, No. 1, pp. 1395–1398.
  10. M. Date, S. Sugimoto, H. Takada, and K. Nakazawa, “Depth-fused 3D (DFD) display with multiple viewing zones,” Proc. SPIE6778, 677817 (2007). [CrossRef]
  11. S.-g. Park, J.-H. Jung, Y. Kim, and B. Lee, “Depth-fused display with enhanced viewing region,” in Biomedical Optics and 3-D Imaging, OSA Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2012), paper DSu1C.5.
  12. S.-g. Park, J.-H. Jung, and B. Lee, “Depth expansion of depth-fused display based on integral imaging method,” in Proc. 12th Int. Meeting on Inf. Display (IMID 2012) (Daegu, Korea, 2012), 473–474.
  13. J.-H. Jung, J. Yeom, J. Hong, K. Hong, S.-W. Min, and B. Lee, “Effect of fundamental depth resolution and cardboard effect to perceived depth resolution on multi-view display,” Opt. Express19(21), 20468–20482 (2011). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  14. J.-Y. Son, V. V. Saveljev, Y.-J. Choi, J.-E. Bahn, S.-K. Kim, and H. Choi, “Parameters for designing autostereoscopic imaging systems based on lenticular, parallax barrier, and integral photography plates,” Opt. Eng.42(11), 3326–3333 (2003). [CrossRef]
  15. S.-W. Min, J. Kim, and B. Lee, “New characteristic equation of three-dimensional integral imaging system and its applications,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys.44(2), L71–L74 (2005). [CrossRef]
  16. F. Wu, H. Deng, C.-G. Luo, D.-H. Li, and Q.-H. Wang, “Dual-view integral imaging three-dimensional display,” Appl. Opt.52(20), 4911–4914 (2013). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  17. Y. Kim, G. Park, J.-H. Jung, J. Kim, and B. Lee, “Color moiré pattern simulation and analysis in three-dimensional integral imaging for finding the moiré-reduced tilted angle of a lens array,” Appl. Opt.48(11), 2178–2187 (2009). [CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

Supplementary Material

» Media 1: MOV (3270 KB)     

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited