OSA's Digital Library

Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: Andrew M. Weiner
  • Vol. 21, Iss. 24 — Dec. 2, 2013
  • pp: 29488–29504

Numerical investigation on high power mid-infrared supercontinuum fiber lasers pumped at 3 µm

Chen Wei, Xiushan Zhu, Robert A. Norwood, Feng Song, and N. Peyghambarian  »View Author Affiliations


Optics Express, Vol. 21, Issue 24, pp. 29488-29504 (2013)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/OE.21.029488


View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (3972 KB)





Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


   


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

Share
Citations

Abstract

High power mid-infrared (mid-IR) supercontinuum (SC) laser sources in the 3-12 µm region are of great interest for a variety of applications in many fields. Although various mid-IR SC laser sources have been proposed and investigated experimentally and theoretically in the past several years, power scaling of mid-IR SC lasers beyond 3 μm with infrared edges extending beyond 7 μm are still challenges because the wavelengths of most previously used pump sources are below 2 μm. These problems can be solved with the recent development of mode-locked fiber lasers at 3 μm. In this paper, high power mid-IR SC laser sources based on dispersion engineered tellurite and chalcogenide fibers and pumped by ultrafast lasers at 3 µm are proposed and investigated. Our simulation results show that, when a W-type tellurite fiber with a zero dispersion wavelength (ZDW) of 2.7 µm is pumped at 2.78 μm, the power proportion of the SC laser beyond 3 µm can exceed 40% and the attainable SC output power of the proposed solid-cladding tellurite fiber is one order of magnitude higher than that of existing microstructured tellurite fibers. Our calculation also predicts that a very promising super-broadband mid-IR SC fiber laser source covering two atmospheric windows and molecules’ “fingerprint” region can be obtained with a microstructured As2Se3 chalcogenide fiber pumped at 2.78 μm.

© 2013 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(060.2280) Fiber optics and optical communications : Fiber design and fabrication
(060.2390) Fiber optics and optical communications : Fiber optics, infrared
(060.4370) Fiber optics and optical communications : Nonlinear optics, fibers
(060.7140) Fiber optics and optical communications : Ultrafast processes in fibers
(060.4005) Fiber optics and optical communications : Microstructured fibers
(060.5295) Fiber optics and optical communications : Photonic crystal fibers
(320.6629) Ultrafast optics : Supercontinuum generation

ToC Category:
Ultrafast Optics

History
Original Manuscript: September 23, 2013
Revised Manuscript: November 12, 2013
Manuscript Accepted: November 12, 2013
Published: November 21, 2013

Citation
Chen Wei, Xiushan Zhu, Robert A. Norwood, Feng Song, and N. Peyghambarian, "Numerical investigation on high power mid-infrared supercontinuum fiber lasers pumped at 3 µm," Opt. Express 21, 29488-29504 (2013)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-21-24-29488


Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  

References

  1. K.-D. F. Büchter, H. Herrmann, C. Langrock, M. M. Fejer, and W. Sohler, “All-optical Ti:PPLN wavelength conversion modules for free-space optical transmission links in the mid-infrared,” Opt. Lett.34(4), 470–472 (2009). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. S. T. Sanders, “Wavelength-agile fiber laser using group-velocity dispersion of pulsed super-continua and application to broadband absorption spectroscopy,” Appl. Phys. B75(6–7), 799–802 (2002). [CrossRef]
  3. M. G. Allen, “Diode laser absorption sensors for gas-dynamic and combustion flows,” Meas. Sci. Technol.9(4), 545–562 (1998). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. http://www.nktphotonics.com/
  5. K. Kikuchi, K. Taira, and N. Sugimoto, “Highly nonlinear bismuth oxide-based glass fibers for all-optical signal processing,” Electron. Lett.38(4), 166–167 (2002). [CrossRef]
  6. J. Gopinath, H. Shen, H. Sotobayashi, E. Ippen, T. Hasegawa, T. Nagashima, and N. Sugimoto, “Highly nonlinear bismuth-oxide fiber for smooth supercontinuum generation at 1.5 microm,” Opt. Express12(23), 5697–5702 (2004). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. G. Brambilla, F. Koizumi, V. Finazzi, and D. J. Richardson, “Supercontinuum generation in tapered bismuth silicate fibres,” Electron. Lett.41(14), 795–797 (2005). [CrossRef]
  8. J. T. Gopinath, H. M. Shen, H. Sotobayashi, E. P. Ippen, T. Hasegawa, T. Nagashima, and N. Sugimoto, “Highly nonlinear bismuth-oxide fiber for supercontinuum generation and femtosecond pulse compression,” J. Lightwave Technol.23(11), 3591–3596 (2005). [CrossRef]
  9. R. Buczynski, H. T. Bookey, D. Pysz, R. Stepien, I. Kujawa, J. E. McCarthy, A. J. Waddie, A. K. Kar, and M. R. Taghizadeh, “Supercontinuum generation up to 2.5 μm in photonic crystal fiber made of lead-bismuth-galate glass,” Laser Phys. Lett.7(9), 666–672 (2010). [CrossRef]
  10. J. H. V. Price, T. M. Monro, H. Ebendorff-Heidepriem, F. Poletti, P. Horak, V. Finazzi, J. Y. Y. Leong, P. Petropoulos, J. C. Flanagan, G. Brambilla, X. Feng, and D. J. Richardson, “Mid-IR supercontinuum generation from nonsilica microstructured optical fibers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.13(3), 738–749 (2007). [CrossRef]
  11. X. Zhu and N. Peyghambarian, “High-power ZBLAN glass fiber lasers: review and prospect,” Adv. Optoelectron.2010, 501956 (2010). [CrossRef]
  12. C. Xia, Z. Xu, M. N. Islam, F. L. Terry, M. J. Freeman, A. Zakel, and J. Mauricio, “10.5 W time-averaged power mid-IR supercontinuum generation extending beyond 4 μm with direct pulse pattern modulation,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.15(2), 422–434 (2009). [CrossRef]
  13. G. Qin, X. Yan, C. Kito, M. Liao, C. Chaudhari, T. Suzuki, and Y. Ohishi, “Ultrabroadband supercontinuum generation from ultraviolet to 6.28 μm in a fluoride fiber,” Appl. Phys. Lett.95(16), 161103 (2009). [CrossRef]
  14. J. Swiderski, M. Michalska, and G. Maze, “Mid-IR supercontinuum generation in a ZBLAN fiber pumped by a gain-switched mode-locked Tm-doped fiber laser and amplifier system,” Opt. Express21(7), 7851–7857 (2013). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  15. J. S. Wang, E. M. Vogel, and E. Snitzer, “Tellurite glass: new candidate for fiber devices,” Opt. Mater.3(3), 187–203 (1994). [CrossRef]
  16. G. Ghosh, “Sellmeier coefficients and chromatic dispersions for some tellurite glasses,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc.78(10), 2828–2830 (1995). [CrossRef]
  17. P. Domachuk, N. A. Wolchover, M. Cronin-Golomb, A. Wang, A. K. George, C. M. B. Cordeiro, J. C. Knight, and F. G. Omenetto, “Over 4000 nm bandwidth of mid-IR supercontinuum generation in sub-centimeter segments of highly nonlinear tellurite PCFs,” Opt. Express16(10), 7161–7168 (2008). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  18. I. Savelii, J. C. Jules, G. Gadret, B. Kibler, J. Fatome, M. El-Amraoui, N. Manikandan, X. Zheng, F. Désévédavy, J. M. Dudley, J. Troles, L. Brilland, G. Renversez, and F. Smektala, “Suspended core tellurite glass optical fibers for infrared supercontinuum generation,” Opt. Mater.33(11), 1661–1666 (2011). [CrossRef]
  19. M. Liao, C. Chaudhari, G. Qin, X. Yan, T. Suzuki, and Y. Ohishi, “Tellurite microstructure fibers with small hexagonal core for supercontinuum generation,” Opt. Express17(14), 12174–12182 (2009). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  20. M. Liao, X. Yan, G. Qin, C. Chaudhari, T. Suzuki, and Y. Ohishi, “A highly non-linear tellurite microstructure fiber with multi-ring holes for supercontinuum generation,” Opt. Express17(18), 15481–15490 (2009). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  21. G. Qin, M. Liao, C. Chaudhari, X. Yan, C. Kito, T. Suzuki, and Y. Ohishi, “Second and third harmonics and flattened supercontinuum generation in tellurite microstructured fibers,” Opt. Lett.35(1), 58–60 (2010). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  22. G. Qin, X. Yan, C. Kito, M. Liao, T. Suzuki, A. Mori, and Y. Ohishi, “Zero-dispersion-wavelength-decreasing tellurite microstructured fiber for wide and flattened supercontinuum generation,” Opt. Lett.35(2), 136–138 (2010). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  23. M. Liao, X. Yan, W. Gao, Z. Duan, G. Qin, T. Suzuki, and Y. Ohishi, “Five-order SRSs and supercontinuum generation from a tapered tellurite microstructured fiber with longitudinally varying dispersion,” Opt. Express19(16), 15389–15396 (2011). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  24. G. Qin, X. Yan, C. Kito, M. Liao, T. Suzuki, A. Mori, and Y. Ohishi, “Highly nonlinear tellurite microstructured fibers for broadband wavelength conversion and flattened supercontinuum generation,” J. Appl. Phys.107(4), 043108 (2010). [CrossRef]
  25. G. Qin, X. Yan, M. Liao, A. Mori, T. Suzuki, and Y. Ohishi, “Wideband supercontinuum generation in tapered tellurite microstructured fibers,” Laser Phys.21(6), 1115–1121 (2011). [CrossRef]
  26. M. Liao, W. Gao, Z. Duan, X. Yan, T. Suzuki, and Y. Ohishi, “Supercontinuum generation in short tellurite microstructured fibers pumped by a quasi-cw laser,” Opt. Lett.37(11), 2127–2129 (2012). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  27. C. Wei, X. Zhu, R. A. Norwood, and N. Peyghambarian, “Passively continuous-wave mode-locked Er(3+)-doped ZBLAN fiber laser at 2.8 μm,” Opt. Lett.37(18), 3849–3851 (2012). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  28. J. Li, D. D. Hudson, Y. Liu, and S. D. Jackson, “Efficient 2.87 μm fiber laser passively switched using a semiconductor saturable absorber mirror,” Opt. Lett.37(18), 3747–3749 (2012). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  29. J. Hu, C. R. Menyuk, L. B. Shaw, J. S. Sanghera, and I. D. Aggarwal, “Maximizing the bandwidth of supercontinuum generation in As2Se3 chalcogenide fibers,” Opt. Express18(7), 6722–6739 (2010). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  30. D. I. Yeom, E. C. Mägi, M. R. Lamont, M. A. Roelens, L. Fu, and B. J. Eggleton, “Low-threshold supercontinuum generation in highly nonlinear chalcogenide nanowires,” Opt. Lett.33(7), 660–662 (2008). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  31. M. R. Lamont, B. Luther-Davies, D. Y. Choi, S. Madden, and B. J. Eggleton, “Supercontinuum generation in dispersion engineered highly nonlinear (γ = 10 /W/m) As2S3) chalcogenide planar waveguide,” Opt. Express16(19), 14938–14944 (2008). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  32. M. El-Amraoui, J. Fatome, J. C. Jules, B. Kibler, G. Gadret, C. Fortier, F. Smektala, I. Skripatchev, C. F. Polacchini, Y. Messaddeq, J. Troles, L. Brilland, M. Szpulak, and G. Renversez, “Strong infrared spectral broadening in low-loss As-S chalcogenide suspended core microstructured optical fibers,” Opt. Express18(5), 4547–4556 (2010). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  33. J. S. Sanghera, I. D. Aggarwal, L. B. Shaw, C. M. Florea, P. Pureza, V. Q. Nguyen, and F. Kung, “Nonlinear properties of chalcogenide glass fibers,” J. Optoelectron. Adv. Mater.8, 2148–2155 (2006).
  34. A. Marandi, C. W. Rudy, V. G. Plotnichenko, E. M. Dianov, K. L. Vodopyanov, and R. L. Byer, “Mid-infrared supercontinuum generation in tapered chalcogenide fiber for producing octave-spanning frequency comb around 3 μm,” Opt. Express20(22), 24218–24225 (2012). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  35. P. Klocek, Handbook of Infrared Optical Materials (Marcel Dekker, 1991).
  36. G. Genty, S. Coen, and J. M. Dudley, “Fiber supercontinuum sources (Invited),” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B24(8), 1771–1785 (2007). [CrossRef]
  37. X. Yan, G. Qin, M. Liao, T. Suzuki, and Y. Ohishi, “Transient Raman response and soliton self-frequency shift in tellurite microstructured fiber,” J. Appl. Phys.108(12), 123110 (2010). [CrossRef]
  38. A. Ben-Salem, R. Cherif, and M. Zghal, “Raman response of a highly nonlinear As2Se3-based chalcogenide photonic crystal fiber,” Proc. PIERS, 1256–1260, Marrakesh, Morocco (2011).
  39. T. M. Monro and H. Ebendorff-Heidepriem, “Progress in microstructured optical fibers,” Annu. Rev. Mater. Res.36(1), 467–495 (2006). [CrossRef]
  40. K. Richardson, D. Krol, and K. Hirao, “Glasses for photonic applications,” Int. J. Appl. Glass. Sci.1(1), 74–86 (2010). [CrossRef]
  41. http://www.npphotonics.com/
  42. J. M. Dudley, G. Gentry, and S. Coen, “Supercontinuum generation in photonic crystal fiber,” Rev. Mod. Phys.78(4), 1135–1184 (2006). [CrossRef]
  43. “FIMMWAVE Version 4.06,” Photon Design, Dec. 2002.
  44. R. Stegeman, L. Jankovic, H. Kim, C. Rivero, G. Stegeman, K. Richardson, P. Delfyett, Y. Guo, A. Schulte, and T. Cardinal, “Tellurite glasses with peak absolute Raman gain coefficients up to 30 times that of fused silica,” Opt. Lett.28(13), 1126–1128 (2003). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  45. R. Cherif, A. Ben Salem, M. Zghal, P. Besnard, T. Chartier, L. Brilland, and J. Troles, “Highly nonlinear As2Se3-based chalcogenide photonic crystal fiber for mid-infrared supercontinuum generation,” Opt. Eng.49, 095002 (2010). [CrossRef]
  46. http://www.coractive.com/
  47. C. Xia, M. Kumar, M.-Y. Cheng, R. S. Hegde, M. N. Islam, A. Galvanauskas, H. G. Winful, F. L. Terry, M. J. Freeman, M. Poulain, and G. Mazé, “Power scalable mid-infrared supercontinuum generation in ZBLAN fluoride fibers with up to 1.3 watts time-averaged power,” Opt. Express15(3), 865–871 (2007). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  48. J. S. Sanghera and I. D. Aggarwal, “Active and passive chalcogenide glass optical fibers for IR applications: a review,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids256–257, 6–16 (1999). [CrossRef]
  49. N. Granzow, S. P. Stark, M. A. Schmidt, A. S. Tverjanovich, L. Wondraczek, and P. S. Russell, “Supercontinuum generation in chalcogenide-silica step-index fibers,” Opt. Express19(21), 21003–21010 (2011). [CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.


« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited