OSA's Digital Library

Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: Andrew M. Weiner
  • Vol. 21, Iss. 24 — Dec. 2, 2013
  • pp: 29914–29920

Magnetic field tunability of optical microfiber taper integrated with ferrofluid

Yinping Miao, Jixuan Wu, Wei Lin, Kailiang Zhang, Yujie Yuan, Binbin Song, Hao Zhang, Bo Liu, and Jianquan Yao  »View Author Affiliations


Optics Express, Vol. 21, Issue 24, pp. 29914-29920 (2013)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/OE.21.029914


View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (1120 KB)





Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


   


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

Share
Citations

Abstract

Optical microfiber taper has unique propagation properties, which provides versatile waveguide structure to design the tunable photonic devices. In this paper, the S-tapered microfiber is fabricated by using simple fusion spicing. The spectral characteristics of microfiber taper integrated with ferrofluid under different magnetic-field intensities have been theoretically analyzed and experimentally demonstrated. The spectrum are both found to become highly magnetic-field-dependent. The results indicate the transmission and wavelength of the dips are adjustable by changing magnetic field intensity. The response of this device to the magnetic field intensity exhibits a Langvin function. Moreover, there is a linear relationship between the transmission loss and magnetic field intensity for a magnetic field intensity range of 25 to 200Oe, and the sensitivities as high as 0.13056dB/Oe and 0.056nm/Oe have been achieved, respectively. This suggests a potential application of this device as a tunable all-in-fiber photonic device, such as magneto-optic modulator, filter, and sensing element.

© Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(060.2340) Fiber optics and optical communications : Fiber optics components
(160.3820) Materials : Magneto-optical materials
(060.4005) Fiber optics and optical communications : Microstructured fibers

ToC Category:
Fiber Optics and Optical Communications

History
Original Manuscript: September 20, 2013
Revised Manuscript: November 7, 2013
Manuscript Accepted: November 11, 2013

Citation
Yinping Miao, Jixuan Wu, Wei Lin, Kailiang Zhang, Yujie Yuan, Binbin Song, Hao Zhang, Bo Liu, and Jianquan Yao, "Magnetic field tunability of optical microfiber taper integrated with ferrofluid," Opt. Express 21, 29914-29920 (2013)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-21-24-29914


Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  

References

  1. J. Kong, N. R. Franklin, C. W. Zhou, M. G. Chapline, S. Peng, K. Cho, and H. J. Dai, “Nanotube Molecular Wires as Chemical Sensors,” Science287(5453), 622–625 (2000). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. Y. Cui, Q. Q. Wei, H. K. Park, and C. M. Lieber, “Nanowire nanosensors for highly sensitive and selective detection of biological and chemical species,” Science293(5533), 1289–1292 (2001). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. E. Comini, G. Faglia, G. Sberveglieri, Z. W. Pan, and Z. L. Wang, “Stable and highly sensitive gas sensors based on semiconducting oxide nanobelts,” Appl. Phys. Lett.81(10), 1869–1871 (2002). [CrossRef]
  4. J. X. Huang, S. Virji, B. H. Weiller, and R. B. Kaner, “Polyaniline nanofibers: facile synthesis and chemical sensors,” J. Am. Chem. Soc.125(2), 314–315 (2003). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. L. M. Tong, R. R. Gattass, J. B. Ashcom, S. L. He, J. Y. Lou, M. Y. Shen, I. Maxwell, and E. Mazur, “Subwavelength-diameter silica wires for low-loss optical wave guiding,” Nature426(6968), 816–819 (2003). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. P. Lu, L. Q. Men, K. Sooley, and Q. Y. Chen, “Tapered fiber Mach–Zehnder interferometer for simultaneous measurement of refractive index and temperature,” Appl. Phys. Lett.94(13), 131110 (2009). [CrossRef]
  7. F. X. Gu, L. Zhang, X. F. Yin, and L. M. Tong, “Polymer Single-Nanowire Optical Sensors,” Nano Lett.8(9), 2757–2761 (2008). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. D. Monzón-Hernández, D. Luna-Moreno, D. M. Escobar, and J. Villatoro, “Optical microfibers decorated with PdAu nanoparticles for fast hydrogen sensing,” Sens. Actuators B Chem.151(1), 219–222 (2010). [CrossRef]
  9. W. Ding, S. R. Andrews, and S. A. Maier, “Internal excitation and superfocusing of surface plasmon polaritons on a silver-coated optical fiber tip,” Phys. Rev. A75(6), 063822 (2007). [CrossRef]
  10. X. L. Li and H. Ding, “All-fiber magnetic-field sensor based on microfiber knot resonator and magnetic fluid,” Opt. Lett.37(24), 5187–5189 (2012). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. J. X. Dai, M. H. Yang, X. B. Li, H. L. Liu, and X. L. Tong, “Magnetic field sensor based on magnetic fluid clad etched fiber Bragg grating,” Opt. Fiber Technol.17(3), 210–213 (2011). [CrossRef]
  12. L. X. Chen, X. G. Huang, J. H. Zhu, G. C. Li, and S. Lan, “Fiber magnetic-field sensor based on nanoparticle magnetic fluid and Fresnel reflection,” Opt. Lett.36(15), 2761–2763 (2011). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. M. Konstantaki, A. Candiani, and S. Pissadakis, “Magnetic tuning of optical fibre long period gratings utilizing ferrofluids,” in 11th International Conference on Transparent Optical Networks, 2009. ICTON'09, IEEE, 1–4 (2009). [CrossRef]
  14. T. Hu, Y. Zhao, X. Li, J. J. Chen, and Z. W. Lv, “Novel optical fiber current sensor based on magnetic fluid,” Chin. Opt. Lett.8(4), 392–394 (2010).
  15. J. J. Chieh, S. Y. Yang, Y. H. Chao, H. E. Horng, C. Y. Hong, and H. C. Yang, “Dynamic response of optical-fiber modulator by using magnetic fluid as a cladding layer,” J. Appl. Phys.97(4), 043104 (2005). [CrossRef]
  16. H. D. Deng, J. Liu, W. R. Zhao, W. Zhang, X. S. Lin, T. Sun, Q. F. Dai, L. J. Wu, S. Lan, and A. V. Gopal, “Enhancement of switching speed by laser-induced clustering of nanoparticles in magnetic fluids,” Appl. Phys. Lett.92(23), 233103 (2008). [CrossRef]
  17. T. Liu, X. F. Chen, Z. Y. Di, J. F. Zhang, X. W. Li, and J. P. Chen, “Tunable magneto-optical wavelength filter of long-period fiber grating with magnetic fluids,” Appl. Phys. Lett.91(12), 121116 (2007). [CrossRef]
  18. S. Y. Yang, J. J. Chieh, H. E. Horng, C. Y. Hong, and H. C. Yang, “Origin and applications of magnetically tunable refractive index of magnetic fluid films,” Appl. Phys. Lett.84(25), 5204–5206 (2004). [CrossRef]
  19. V. H. Thakur, S. M. Nalawade, S. Gupta, R. Kitture, and S. N. Kale, “Photonic crystal fiber injected with Fe3O4 nanofluid for magnetic field Detection,” Appl. Phys. Lett.99(16), 161101 (2011). [CrossRef]
  20. P. Zu, C. C. Chan, W. S. Lew, Y. X. Jin, Y. F. Zhang, H. F. Liew, L. H. Chen, W. C. Wong, and X. Y. Dong, “Magneto-optical fiber sensor based on magnetic fluid,” Opt. Lett.37(3), 398–400 (2012). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  21. R. Gao, Y. Jiang, and S. Abdelaziz, “All-fiber magnetic field sensors based on magnetic fluid-filled photonic crystal fibers,” Opt. Lett.38(9), 1539–1541 (2013). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  22. X. Z. Wang, W. H. Li, L. Chen, and X. Y. Bao, “Distributed Mode Coupling Measurement Along Tapered Single-Mode Fibers With Optical Frequency-Domain Reflectometry,” J. Lightwave Technol.30(10), 1499–1508 (2012). [CrossRef]
  23. F. F. Shi, J. Z. Wang, Y. J. Zhang, Y. Q. Xia, and L. C. Zhao, “Refractive Index Sensor Based on S-Tapered Photonic Crystal Fiber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.25(4), 344–347 (2013). [CrossRef]
  24. J. L. Li, W. G. Zhang, S. C. Gao, P. C. Geng, X. L. Xue, Z. Y. Bai, and H. Liang, “Long-Period Fiber Grating Cascaded to an S Fiber Taper for Simultaneous Measurement of Temperature and Refractive Index,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.25(9), 888–891 (2013). [CrossRef]
  25. R. Yang, Y. S. Yu, C. Chen, Y. Xue, X. L. Zhang, J. C. Guo, C. Wang, F. Zhu, B. L. Zhang, Q. D. Chen, and H. B. Sun, “S-Tapered Fiber Sensors for Highly Sensitive Measurement of Refractive Index and Axial Strain,” J. Lightwave Technol.30(19), 3126–3132 (2012). [CrossRef]
  26. R. Yang, Y. S. Yu, Y. Xue, C. Chen, Q. D. Chen, and H. B. Sun, “Single S-tapered fiber Mach-Zehnder interferometers,” Opt. Lett.36(23), 4482–4484 (2011). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  27. X. W. Shu, L. Zhang, and I. Bennion, “Sensitivity Characteristics of Long-Period Fiber Gratings,” J. Lightwave Technol.20(2), 255–266 (2002). [CrossRef]
  28. Y. P. Miao, K. L. Zhang, B. Liu, W. Lin, H. Zhang, and J. Q. Yao, “Magnetic fluid infiltrated microstructured optical fiber long period grating,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.25(3), 306–309 (2013). [CrossRef]
  29. C. Hong, H. E. Horng, and S. Y. Yang, “Tunable refractive index of magnetic fluids and its applications,” Phys. Status Solidi C1(7), 1604–1609 (2004). [CrossRef]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

Figures

Fig. 1 Fig. 2 Fig. 3
 
Fig. 4 Fig. 5
 

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited