OSA's Digital Library

Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: Andrew M. Weiner
  • Vol. 21, Iss. 25 — Dec. 16, 2013
  • pp: 30993–30998

A high-resolution optical see-through head-mounted display with eyetracking capability

Hong Hua, Xinda Hu, and Chunyu Gao  »View Author Affiliations

Optics Express, Vol. 21, Issue 25, pp. 30993-30998 (2013)

View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (3322 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools



A head-mounted display system with fully-integrated eyetracking capability offers multi-fold benefits, not only to fundamental scientific research but also to emerging applications of such technology. A key limitation of the state-of-the-art eyetracked head-mounted display (ET-HMD) technology is the lack of compactness and portability. In this paper, we present an innovative design of a high resolution optical see-through ET-HMD system based on freeform optical technology. A prototype system is demonstrated, which offers a goggle-like compact form factor, non-obstructive see-through field of view and true high-definition image resolution for the virtual display. The see-through view, via the combination of a freeform prism and corrector, achieved better than 0.5 arc minute of angular resolution for the central region of approximately 40-degrees to ensure minimal impacts on the see-through vision of an HMD user.

© 2013 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(120.2040) Instrumentation, measurement, and metrology : Displays
(120.2820) Instrumentation, measurement, and metrology : Heads-up displays
(120.4570) Instrumentation, measurement, and metrology : Optical design of instruments
(220.1250) Optical design and fabrication : Aspherics
(220.3620) Optical design and fabrication : Lens system design
(330.7338) Vision, color, and visual optics : Visually coupled optical systems

ToC Category:
Optical Design and Fabrication

Original Manuscript: October 14, 2013
Revised Manuscript: December 3, 2013
Manuscript Accepted: December 3, 2013
Published: December 9, 2013

Hong Hua, Xinda Hu, and Chunyu Gao, "A high-resolution optical see-through head-mounted display with eyetracking capability," Opt. Express 21, 30993-30998 (2013)

Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  


  1. J. P. Rolland, A. Yoshida, L. D. Davis, and J. H. Reif, “High-resolution inset head-mounted display,” Appl. Opt.37(19), 4183–4193 (1998). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. S. L. S. Liu, H. H. H. Hua, and D. C. D. Cheng, “A novel prototype for an optical see-through head-mounted display with addressable focus cues,” IEEE Trans. Vis. Comput. Graph.16(3), 381–393 (2010). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. A. T. Duchowski and A. Çöltekin, “Foveated gaze-contingent displays for peripheral LOD management, 3D visualization, and stereo imaging,” ACM Trans. Multimed. Comput. Commun. Appl.3(4), 1–18 (2007). [CrossRef]
  4. L. Vaissie and J. Rolland, “Head mounted display with eyetracking capability,” U.S. patent US 6433760 B1 (2002).
  5. H. Hua, “Integration of eye tracking capability into optical see-through head-mounted displays,” Proc. SPIE4297, 496–503 (2001). [CrossRef]
  6. H. Hua, P. Krishnaswamy, and J. P. Rolland, “Video-based eyetracking methods and algorithms in head-mounted displays,” Opt. Express14(10), 4328–4350 (2006). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. H. Hua, C. W. Pansing, and J. P. Rolland, “Modeling of an eye-imaging system for optimizing illumination schemes in an eye-tracked head-mounted display,” Appl. Opt.46(31), 7757–7770 (2007). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. J. Baumgarten, T. Schuchert, S. Voth, P. Wartenberg, B. Richter, and U. Vogel, “Aspects of a head-mounted eye-tracker based on a bidirectional OLED microdisplay,” J. Inf. Disp.13(2), 1–5 (2011).
  9. S. Yamazaki, K. Inoguchi, Y. Saito, H. Morishima, and N. Taniguchi, “Thin wide-field-of-view HMD with free-form-surface prism and applications,” Proc. SPIE3639, 453–462 (1999). [CrossRef]
  10. D. Cheng, Y. Wang, H. Hua, and M. M. Talha, “Design of an optical see-through head-mounted display with a low f-number and large field of view using a freeform prism,” Appl. Opt.48(14), 2655–2668 (2009). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. H. Hua and C. Gao, “A compact eyetracked optical see-through head-mounted display,” in Proc. SPIE 8288, Stereoscopic Displays and Applications XXIII, A. J. Woods, N. S. Holliman, and G. E. Favalora, eds. (2012), Vol. 8288, p. 82881F–82881F–9.

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.


Fig. 1 Fig. 2 Fig. 3
Fig. 4

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited