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Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: Andrew M. Weiner
  • Vol. 21, Iss. 3 — Feb. 11, 2013
  • pp: 3379–3387

Quantitative characterization of the energy circulation in helical beams by means of near-field diffraction

Roland A. Terborg and Karen Volke-Sepúlveda  »View Author Affiliations


Optics Express, Vol. 21, Issue 3, pp. 3379-3387 (2013)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/OE.21.003379


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Abstract

We present a method to measure the skew angle of the wave-fronts in an optical vortex, which is directly related with the energy flux. It is based on the analysis of the evolution on propagation of the near-field diffraction pattern generated by a single-slit, consisting of two main lobes that shift in opposite directions depending on the vortex helicity. The transverse displacement of each lobe as a function of the propagation distance allows to quantify the energy circulation. Analytical, numerical and experimental results are compared, showing good agreement. We illustrate the method for the case of Bessel beams, although we also discuss other types of helical beams, such as Laguerre-Gauss and Mathieu beams.

© 2013 OSA

OCIS Codes
(050.1220) Diffraction and gratings : Apertures
(050.1940) Diffraction and gratings : Diffraction
(050.5080) Diffraction and gratings : Phase shift
(140.3300) Lasers and laser optics : Laser beam shaping
(050.4865) Diffraction and gratings : Optical vortices

ToC Category:
Diffraction

History
Original Manuscript: November 19, 2012
Revised Manuscript: December 21, 2012
Manuscript Accepted: December 21, 2012
Published: February 4, 2013

Citation
Roland A. Terborg and Karen Volke-Sepúlveda, "Quantitative characterization of the energy circulation in helical beams by means of near-field diffraction," Opt. Express 21, 3379-3387 (2013)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-21-3-3379


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