OSA's Digital Library

Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: Andrew M. Weiner
  • Vol. 21, Iss. 4 — Feb. 25, 2013
  • pp: 4250–4262

Hybrid plasmonic-photonic modes in diffractive arrays of nanoparticles coupled to light-emitting optical waveguides

S. Murai, M. A. Verschuuren, G. Lozano, G. Pirruccio, S. R. K. Rodriguez, and J. Gómez Rivas  »View Author Affiliations


Optics Express, Vol. 21, Issue 4, pp. 4250-4262 (2013)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/OE.21.004250


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Abstract

We study the hybridized plasmonic-photonic modes supported by two-dimensional arrays of metallic nanoparticles coupled to light-emitting optical waveguides. Localized surface plasmon polaritons in the metallic nanoparticles can couple to guided modes in the underlying waveguide, forming quasi-guided hybrid modes, or to diffracted orders in the plane of the array, forming surface lattice resonances. We consider three kinds of samples: one sustains quasi-guided modes only, another sustains surface lattice resonances only, and a third sample sustains both modes. This third sample constitutes the first demonstration of simultaneous coupling of localized surface plasmons to guided modes and diffracted orders. The dispersive properties of the modes in the samples are investigated through light extinction and emission spectroscopy. We elucidate the conditions that lead to the coexistence of surface lattice resonances and quasi-guided hybrid modes, and assess their potential for enhancing the luminescence of emitters embedded in the coupled waveguide. We find the largest increase in emission intensity for the surface lattice resonances, reaching up to a factor of 20.

© 2013 OSA

OCIS Codes
(050.1970) Diffraction and gratings : Diffractive optics
(230.7400) Optical devices : Waveguides, slab
(240.6680) Optics at surfaces : Surface plasmons

ToC Category:
Diffraction and Gratings

History
Original Manuscript: November 19, 2012
Revised Manuscript: January 28, 2013
Manuscript Accepted: January 28, 2013
Published: February 12, 2013

Citation
S. Murai, M. A. Verschuuren, G. Lozano, G. Pirruccio, S. R. K. Rodriguez, and J. Gómez Rivas, "Hybrid plasmonic-photonic modes in diffractive arrays of nanoparticles coupled to light-emitting optical waveguides," Opt. Express 21, 4250-4262 (2013)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-21-4-4250


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