OSA's Digital Library

Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: Andrew M. Weiner
  • Vol. 21, Iss. 4 — Feb. 25, 2013
  • pp: 4665–4670

Enhanced stability of nitrogen-sealed carbon nanotube saturable absorbers under high-intensity irradiation

Amos Martinez, Kazuyuki Fuse, and Shinji Yamashita  »View Author Affiliations


Optics Express, Vol. 21, Issue 4, pp. 4665-4670 (2013)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/OE.21.004665


View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (836 KB)





Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


   


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

Share
Citations

Abstract

Due to their broadband saturable absorption and fast response, carbon nanotubes have proven to be an excellent material for the modelocking of fiber lasers and have become a promising device for the implementation of novel laser configurations. However, it is imperative to address the issue of their long-term reliability under intense optical pulses before they can be exploited in widespread commercial applications. In this work, we study how carbon nanotubes degrade due to oxidation when exposed to high-intensity continuous-wave light and we demonstrate that by sealing the carbon nanotubes in a nitrogen gas, the damage threshold can be increased by over one order of magnitude. We then monitor over 24 hours the performance of the carbon nanotube saturable absorbers as the passive modelocking device of an erbium-doped fiber laser with intracavity powers ranging from 5 mW to 316 mW. We observe that when the carbon nanotubes are sealed in nitrogen environment, oxidation can be efficiently prevented and the laser can operate without any deterioration at intracavity powers higher than 300 mW. However, in the case where carbon nanotubes are unprotected (i.e. those directly exposed to the air in the environment), the nanotubes start to deteriorate at intracavity powers lower than 50 mW.

© 2013 OSA

OCIS Codes
(140.4050) Lasers and laser optics : Mode-locked lasers
(190.4400) Nonlinear optics : Nonlinear optics, materials

ToC Category:
Lasers and Laser Optics

History
Original Manuscript: January 7, 2013
Revised Manuscript: February 8, 2013
Manuscript Accepted: February 8, 2013
Published: February 15, 2013

Citation
Amos Martinez, Kazuyuki Fuse, and Shinji Yamashita, "Enhanced stability of nitrogen-sealed carbon nanotube saturable absorbers under high-intensity irradiation," Opt. Express 21, 4665-4670 (2013)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-21-4-4665


Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  

References

  1. S. Y. Set, H. Yaguchi, Y. Tanaka, and M. Jablonski, “Ultrafast fiber pulsed lasers incorporating carbon nanotubes,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.10(1), 137–146 (2004). [CrossRef]
  2. S. Y. Set, C. S. Goh, D. Wang, H. Yaguchi, and S. Yamashita, “Non-synchronous optical sampling and data-pattern recovery using a repetition-rate-tunable carbon-nanotube pulsed laser,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys.47(8), 6809–6811 (2008). [CrossRef]
  3. J. Lim, K. Knabe, K. A. Tillman, W. Neely, Y. Wang, R. Amezcua-Correa, F. Couny, P. S. Light, F. Benabid, J. C. Knight, K. L. Corwin, J. W. Nicholson, and B. R. Washburn, “A phase-stabilized carbon nanotube fiber laser frequency comb,” Opt. Express17(16), 14115–14120 (2009). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. K. Kieu, R. J. Jones, and N. Peyghambarian, “Generation of few-cycle pulses from an amplified carbon nanotube mode-locked fiber laser system,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.22(20), 1521–1523 (2010). [CrossRef]
  5. S. Kivistö, T. Hakulinen, A. Kaskela, B. Aitchison, D. P. Brown, A. G. Nasibulin, E. I. Kauppinen, A. Härkönen, and O. G. Okhotnikov, “Carbon nanotube films for ultrafast broadband technology,” Opt. Express17(4), 2358–2363 (2009). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. F. Wang, A. G. Rozhin, V. Scardaci, Z. Sun, F. Hennrich, I. H. White, W. I. Milne, and A. C. Ferrari, “Wideband-tuneable, nanotube mode-locked, fibre laser,” Nat. Nanotechnol.3(12), 738–742 (2008). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. E. J. R. Kelleher, J. C. Travers, Z. Sun, A. G. Rozhin, A. C. Ferrari, S. V. Popov, and J. R. Taylor, “Nanosecond-pulse fiber lasers mode-locked with nanotubes,” Appl. Phys. Lett.95(11), 111108 (2009). [CrossRef]
  8. A. Martinez and S. Yamashita, “Multi-gigahertz repetition rate passively modelocked fiber lasers using carbon nanotubes,” Opt. Express19(7), 6155–6163 (2011). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. K. Kieu, W. H. Renninger, A. Chong, and F. W. Wise, “Sub-100 fs pulses at watt-level powers from a dissipative-soliton fiber laser,” Opt. Lett.34(5), 593–595 (2009). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. Y. W. Song, S. Yamashita, and S. Maruyama, “Single-walled carbon nanotubes for high-energy optical pulse formation,” Appl. Phys. Lett.92(2), 021115 (2008). [CrossRef]
  11. K. Kieu and M. Mansuripur, “Femtosecond laser pulse generation with a fiber taper embedded in carbon nanotube/polymer composite,” Opt. Lett.32(15), 2242–2244 (2007). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. A. Martinez, M. Omura, M. Takiguchi, B. Xu, T. Kuga, T. Ishigure, and S. Yamashita, “Multi-solitons in a dispersion managed fiber laser using a carbon nanotube-coated taper fiber,” Nonlinear Photonics, OSA Technical Digest (online) (Optical Society of America, 2012), paper JTu5A.29.
  13. A. Martinez, K. Zhou, I. Bennion, and S. Yamashita, “In-fiber microchannel device filled with a carbon nanotube dispersion for passive mode-lock lasing,” Opt. Express16(20), 15425–15430 (2008). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  14. K. Fuse, A. Martinez, and S. Yamashita, “Stability enhancement of carbon-nanotube-based mode-locked fiber laser by nitrogen sealing,” in Proc. Conf. Lasers and Electro-Opt. (CLEO) 2011, May 2011, no. CMK5.
  15. T. R. Schibli, K. Minoshima, E. L. Hong, H. Inaba, Y. Bitou, A. Onae, and H. Matsumoto, “Phase-locked widely tunable optical single-frequency generator based on a femtosecond comb,” Opt. Lett.30(17), 2323–2325 (2005). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  16. T. Hasan, Z. Sun, F. Wang, F. Bonaccorso, P. H. Tan, A. G. Rozhin, and A. C. Ferrari, “Nanotube–polymer composites for ultrafast photonics,” Adv. Mater. (Deerfield Beach Fla.)21, 3874–3899 (2009).
  17. M. Nakazawa, S. Nakahara, T. Hirooka, M. Yoshida, T. Kaino, and K. Komatsu, “Polymer saturable absorber materials in the 1.5 μm band using polymethyl-methacrylate and polysterene with single-wall carbon nanotubes and their application to a femtosecond laser,” Opt. Lett.31(7), 915–917 (2006). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  18. A. Martinez, S. Uchida, Y. W. Song, T. Ishigure, and S. Yamashita, “Fabrication of Carbon nanotube poly-methyl-methacrylate composites for nonlinear photonic devices,” Opt. Express16(15), 11337–11343 (2008). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  19. A. Martinez and S. Yamashita, “10 GHz fundamental mode fiber laser using a graphene saturable absorber,” Appl. Phys. Lett.101(4), 041118 (2012). [CrossRef]
  20. K. Kashiwagi, S. Yamashita, and S. Y. Set, “In-situ monitoring of optical deposition of carbon nanotubes onto fiber end,” Opt. Express17(7), 5711–5715 (2009). [CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

Figures

Fig. 1 Fig. 2 Fig. 3
 

Supplementary Material


» Media 1: MP4 (1664 KB)     

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited