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Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: Andrew M. Weiner
  • Vol. 21, Iss. 6 — Mar. 25, 2013
  • pp: 6707–6717

Highly efficient heralding of entangled single photons

Sven Ramelow, Alexandra Mech, Marissa Giustina, Simon Gröblacher, Witlef Wieczorek, Jörn Beyer, Adriana Lita, Brice Calkins, Thomas Gerrits, Sae Woo Nam, Anton Zeilinger, and Rupert Ursin  »View Author Affiliations


Optics Express, Vol. 21, Issue 6, pp. 6707-6717 (2013)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/OE.21.006707


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Abstract

Single photons are an important prerequisite for a broad spectrum of quantum optical applications. We experimentally demonstrate a heralded single-photon source based on spontaneous parametric down-conversion in collinear bulk optics, and fiber-coupled bolometric transition-edge sensors. Without correcting for background, losses, or detection inefficiencies, we measure an overall heralding efficiency of 83 %. By violating a Bell inequality, we confirm the single-photon character and high-quality entanglement of our heralded single photons which, in combination with the high heralding efficiency, are a necessary ingredient for advanced quantum communication protocols such as one-sided device-independent quantum key distribution.

© 2013 OSA

OCIS Codes
(040.3780) Detectors : Low light level
(040.5570) Detectors : Quantum detectors
(270.5585) Quantum optics : Quantum information and processing

ToC Category:
Quantum Optics

History
Original Manuscript: November 21, 2012
Revised Manuscript: December 24, 2012
Manuscript Accepted: December 31, 2012
Published: March 11, 2013

Citation
Sven Ramelow, Alexandra Mech, Marissa Giustina, Simon Gröblacher, Witlef Wieczorek, Jörn Beyer, Adriana Lita, Brice Calkins, Thomas Gerrits, Sae Woo Nam, Anton Zeilinger, and Rupert Ursin, "Highly efficient heralding of entangled single photons," Opt. Express 21, 6707-6717 (2013)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-21-6-6707


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