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Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: Andrew M. Weiner
  • Vol. 21, Iss. 6 — Mar. 25, 2013
  • pp: 6901–6909

Black silicon: substrate for laser 3D micro/nano-polymerization

Albertas Žukauskas, Mangirdas Malinauskas, Arūnas Kadys, Gediminas Gervinskas, Gediminas Seniutinas, Sasikaran Kandasamy, and Saulius Juodkazis  »View Author Affiliations


Optics Express, Vol. 21, Issue 6, pp. 6901-6909 (2013)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/OE.21.006901


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Abstract

We demonstrate that black silicon (b-Si) made by dry plasma etching is a promising substrate for laser three-dimensional (3D) micro/nano-polymerization. High aspect ratio Si-needles, working as sacrificial support structures, have flexibility required to relax interface stresses between substrate and the polymerized micro-/nano- objects. Surface of b-Si can be made electrically conductive by metal deposition and, at the same time, can preserve low optical reflectivity beneficial for polymerization by direct laser writing. 3D laser polymerization usually performed at the irradiation conditions close to the dielectric breakdown is possible on non-reflective and not metallic surfaces. Here we show that low reflectivity and high metallic conductivity are not counter- exclusive properties for laser polymerization. Electrical conductivity of substrate and its permeability in liquids are promising for bio- and electroplating applications.

© 2013 OSA

OCIS Codes
(140.3390) Lasers and laser optics : Laser materials processing
(220.4000) Optical design and fabrication : Microstructure fabrication
(160.1245) Materials : Artificially engineered materials

ToC Category:
Laser Microfabrication

History
Original Manuscript: January 15, 2013
Revised Manuscript: March 1, 2013
Manuscript Accepted: March 2, 2013
Published: March 12, 2013

Citation
Albertas Žukauskas, Mangirdas Malinauskas, Arūnas Kadys, Gediminas Gervinskas, Gediminas Seniutinas, Sasikaran Kandasamy, and Saulius Juodkazis, "Black silicon: substrate for laser 3D micro/nano-polymerization," Opt. Express 21, 6901-6909 (2013)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-21-6-6901


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