OSA's Digital Library

Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: Andrew M. Weiner
  • Vol. 21, Iss. 6 — Mar. 25, 2013
  • pp: 6919–6927

Dynamic selective etching: a facile route to parabolic optical fiber nano-probe

Wei Zhu, Tielin Shi, Zirong Tang, Bo Gong, Guanglan Liao, and John Tully  »View Author Affiliations


Optics Express, Vol. 21, Issue 6, pp. 6919-6927 (2013)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/OE.21.006919


View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (1907 KB)





Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


   


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

Share
Citations

Abstract

A dynamic etching approach is proposed through the appropriate variation of etchant composition ratio during the etching process, resulting in the parabolic shape of optical fiber nano-probe with a favorable changing of cone angle. The probe formation mechanism is thoroughly analyzed to illustrate the controllability and simplicity of this method. Optical properties of as-made probes are simulated and experimentally characterized and compared with the linear shape probes of different cone angles. It shows that the parabolic shape probes are superior to the linear shape ones with respect to the transmission efficiency and light focusing capability.

© 2013 OSA

OCIS Codes
(060.2310) Fiber optics and optical communications : Fiber optics
(120.4640) Instrumentation, measurement, and metrology : Optical instruments
(220.4241) Optical design and fabrication : Nanostructure fabrication

ToC Category:
Fiber Optics and Optical Communications

History
Original Manuscript: January 30, 2013
Revised Manuscript: March 7, 2013
Manuscript Accepted: March 7, 2013
Published: March 13, 2013

Citation
Wei Zhu, Tielin Shi, Zirong Tang, Bo Gong, Guanglan Liao, and John Tully, "Dynamic selective etching: a facile route to parabolic optical fiber nano-probe," Opt. Express 21, 6919-6927 (2013)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-21-6-6919


Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  

References

  1. E. Betzig, J. K. Trautman, T. D. Harris, J. S. Weiner, and R. L. Kostelak, “Breaking the diffraction barrier: optical microscopy on a nanometric scale,” Science251(5000), 1468–1470 (1991). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. Z. H. Liu, C. K. Guo, J. Yang, and L. B. Yuan, “Tapered fiber optical tweezers for microscopic particle trapping: fabrication and application,” Opt. Express14(25), 12510–12516 (2006). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. S. K. Mondal, S. S. Pal, and P. Kapur, “Optical fiber nano-tip and 3D bottle beam as non-plasmonic optical tweezers,” Opt. Express20(15), 16180–16185 (2012). [CrossRef]
  4. G. A. Valaskovic, M. Holton, and G. H. Morrison, “Parameter control, characterization, and optimization in the fabrication of optical fiber near-field probes,” Appl. Opt.34(7), 1215–1228 (1995). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. M. Garcia-Parajo, T. Tate, and Y. Chen, “Gold-coated parabolic tapers for scanning near-field optical microscopy: fabrication and optimisation,” Ultramicroscopy61(1-4), 155–163 (1995). [CrossRef]
  6. S. McCulloch and D. Uttamchandani, “A simple reproducible technique for producing sub-micrometre fibre-optic probes for near-field optical microscopy and chemical sensors,” Meas. Sci. Technol.6(8), 1157–1162 (1995). [CrossRef]
  7. T. Held, S. Emonin, O. Marti, and O. Hollricher, “Method to produce high-resolution scanning near-field optical microscope probes by beveling optical fibers,” Rev. Sci. Instrum.71(8), 3118–3121 (2000). [CrossRef]
  8. T. Grosjean, S. S. Saleh, M. A. Suarez, I. A. Ibrahim, V. Piquerey, D. Charraut, and P. Sandoz, “Fiber microaxicons fabricated by a polishing technique for the generation of Bessel-like beams,” Appl. Opt.46(33), 8061–8067 (2007). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. Y. K. Cheong, K. S. Lim, W. H. Lim, W. Y. Chong, R. Zakaria, and H. Ahmad, “Note: Fabrication of tapered fibre tip using mechanical polishing method,” Rev. Sci. Instrum.82(8), 086115 (2011). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. D. R. Turner, “Etch procedure for optical fibers,” U. S. Patent. 4,469,554 (5 April 1983)
  11. T. Pangaribuan, K. Yamada, S. Jiang, H. Ohsawa, and M. Ohtsu, “Reproducible fabrication technique of nanometric tip diameter fiber probe for photon scanning tunneling microscope,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys.31(Part 2, No. 9A), L1302–L1304 (1992). [CrossRef]
  12. S. Mononobe and M. Ohtsu, “Fabrication of a Pencil-shaped fiber probe for near-field optics by selective chemical etching,” J. Lightwave Technol.14(10), 2231–2235 (1996). [CrossRef]
  13. H. Muramatsu, K. Homma, N. Chiba, N. Yamamoto, and A. Egawa, “Dynamic etching method for fabricating a variety of tip shapes in the optical fibre probe of a scanning near-field optical microscope,” J. Microsc.194(2-3), 383–387 (1999). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  14. B. A. F. Puygranier and P. Dawson, “Chemical etching of optical fibre tips - experiment and model,” Ultramicroscopy85(4), 235–248 (2000). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  15. M. Tanaka and K. Tanaka, “Computer simulation for two-dimensional near-field optics with use of a metal-coated dielectric probe,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A18(4), 919–925 (2001). [CrossRef]
  16. X. Wang, Z. Z. Fan, and T. T. Tang, “Study on the power transmission and light spot size of optical probes in scanning near-field optical microscopes,” Opt. Commun.235(1-3), 31–40 (2004). [CrossRef]
  17. B. Hecht, B. Sick, U. P. Wild, V. Deckert, R. Zenobi, O. J. F. Martin, and D. W. Pohl, “Scanning near-field optical microscopy with aperture probes: Fundamentals and applications,” J. Chem. Phys.112(18), 7761–7774 (2000). [CrossRef]
  18. S. Jradi, L. Balan, X. H. Zeng, J. Plain, D. J. Lougnot, P. Royer, R. Bachelot, S. Akil, O. Soppera, and L. Vidal, “Spatially controlled synthesis of silver nanoparticles and nanowires by photosensitized reduction,” Nanotechnology21(9), 095605 (2010). [CrossRef]
  19. X. Zheng, D. W. Guo, Y. L. Shao, S. J. Jia, Sh. P. Xu, B. Zhao, W. Q. Xu, C. Corredor, and J. R. Lombardi, “Photochemical modification of an optical fiber tip with a silver nanoparticle film: a SERS chemical sensor,” Langmuir24(8), 4394–4398 (2008). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  20. T. Liu, X. S. Xiao, and C. Yang, “Surfactantless photochemical deposition of gold nanoparticles on an optical fiber core for surface-enhanced Raman scattering,” Langmuir27(8), 4623–4626 (2011). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  21. S. S. Pal, S. K. Mondal, P. P. Bajpai, and P. Kapur, “Optical fiber tip for field-enhanced second harmonic generation,” Opt. Lett.37(19), 4017–4019 (2012). [CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.


« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited