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Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: Andrew M. Weiner
  • Vol. 21, Iss. 6 — Mar. 25, 2013
  • pp: 7614–7632

Graphene-based tunable hyperbolic metamaterials and enhanced near-field absorption

Mohamed A. K. Othman, Caner Guclu, and Filippo Capolino  »View Author Affiliations

Optics Express, Vol. 21, Issue 6, pp. 7614-7632 (2013)

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We investigate a novel implementation of hyperbolic metamaterial (HM) at far-infrared frequencies composed of stacked graphene sheets separated by thin dielectric layers. Using the surface conductivity model of graphene, we derive the homogenization formula for the multilayer structure by treating graphene sheets as lumped layers with complex admittances. Homogenization results and limits are investigated by comparison with a transfer matrix formulation for the HM constituent layers. We show that infrared iso-frequency wavevector dispersion characteristics of the proposed HM can be tuned by varying the chemical potential of the graphene sheets via electrostatic biasing. Accordingly, reflection and transmission properties for a film made of graphene-dielectric multilayer are tunable at terahertz frequencies, and we investigate the limits in using the homogenized model compared to the more accurate transfer matrix model. We also propose to use graphene-based HM as a super absorber for near-fields generated at its surface. The power emitted by a dipole near the surface of a graphene-based HM is increased dramatically (up to 5 × 102 at 2 THz), furthermore we show that most of the scattered power is directed into the HM. The validity and limits of the homogenized HM model are assessed also for near-fields and show that in certain conditions it overestimates the dipole radiated power into the HM.

© 2013 OSA

OCIS Codes
(230.4170) Optical devices : Multilayers
(240.0310) Optics at surfaces : Thin films
(160.3918) Materials : Metamaterials
(250.5403) Optoelectronics : Plasmonics

ToC Category:

Original Manuscript: January 2, 2013
Revised Manuscript: February 12, 2013
Manuscript Accepted: March 3, 2013
Published: March 20, 2013

Mohamed A. K. Othman, Caner Guclu, and Filippo Capolino, "Graphene-based tunable hyperbolic metamaterials and enhanced near-field absorption," Opt. Express 21, 7614-7632 (2013)

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