OSA's Digital Library

Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: Andrew M. Weiner
  • Vol. 21, Iss. 6 — Mar. 25, 2013
  • pp: 7651–7666

Analytical formulation of directly modulated OOFDM signals transmitted over an IM/DD dispersive link

C. Sánchez, B. Ortega, J. L. Wei, J. Tang, and J. Capmany  »View Author Affiliations


Optics Express, Vol. 21, Issue 6, pp. 7651-7666 (2013)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/OE.21.007651


View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (2522 KB)





Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


   


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

Share
Citations

Abstract

We provide an analytical study on the propagation effects of a directly modulated OOFDM signal through a dispersive fiber and subsequent photo-detection. The analysis includes the effects of the laser operation point and the interplay between chromatic dispersion and laser chirp. The final expression allows to understand the physics behind the transmission of a multi-carrier signal in the presence of residual frequency modulation and the description of the induced intermodulation distortion gives us a detailed insight into the diferent intermodulation products which impair the recovered signal at the receiver-end side. Numerical comparisons between transmission simulations results and those provided by evaluating the expression obtained are carried out for different laser operation points. Results obtained by changing the fiber length, laser parameters and using single mode fiber with negative and positive dispersion are calculated in order to demonstrate the validity and versatility of the theory provided in this paper. Therefore, a novel analytical formulation is presented as a versatile tool for the description and study of IM/DD OOFDM systems with variable design parameters.

© 2013 OSA

OCIS Codes
(060.2330) Fiber optics and optical communications : Fiber optics communications
(060.4080) Fiber optics and optical communications : Modulation
(060.3510) Fiber optics and optical communications : Lasers, fiber

ToC Category:
Fiber Optics and Optical Communications

History
Original Manuscript: November 26, 2012
Revised Manuscript: January 22, 2013
Manuscript Accepted: February 18, 2013
Published: March 21, 2013

Citation
C. Sánchez, B. Ortega, J. L. Wei, J. Tang, and J. Capmany, "Analytical formulation of directly modulated OOFDM signals transmitted over an IM/DD dispersive link," Opt. Express 21, 7651-7666 (2013)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-21-6-7651


Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  

References

  1. W. Shieh and I. Djordjevic, OFDM for Optical Communications (Elsevier/Academic Press, 2009).
  2. J. Armstrong, “OFDM for optical communications,” J. Lightwave Technol.27(3), 189–204 (2009). [CrossRef]
  3. E. Hugues-Salas, R. P. Giddings, X. Q. Jin, J. L. Wei, X. Zheng, Y. Hong, C. Shu, and J. M. Tang, “Real-time experimental demonstration of low-cost VCSEL intensity-modulated 11.25Gb/s optical OFDM signal transmission over 25km PON systems,” Opt. Express19(4), 2979–2988 (2011). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. D-Z. Hsu, C-C. Wei, H-Y. Chen, W-Y. Li, and J. Chen, “Cost-effective 33-Gbps intensity modulation direct detection multi-band OFDM LR-PON system employing a 10-GHz-based transceiver,” Opt. Express19(18), 17546–17556 (2011). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. W. Shieh, Q. Yang, and Y. Ma, “107 Gb/s coherent optical OFDM transmission over 1000-km SSMF fiber using orthogonal band multiplexing,” Opt. Express16(9), 6378–6386 (2008). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. D. Visani, C. Okonkwo, S. Loquai, H. Yang, Y. Shi, H. van de Boom, T. Ditewig, G. Tartarini, B. Schmauss, J. Lee, T. Koonen, and E. Tangdiongga, “Beyond 1Gbit/s transmission over 1 mm diameter plastic optical fiber employing DMT for in-home communication systems,” J. Lightwave Technol.29(4), 622–628 (2011).
  7. B. Franz, D. Suikat, R. Dischler, F. Buchali, and H. Buelow, “High speed OFDM data transmission over 5 km GI-multimode fiber using spatial multiplexing with 2×4 MIMO processing,” in ECOC2010, paper Tu3C4.
  8. N. Cvijetic, D. Qian, and T. Wang, “10Gb/s free-space pptical transmission using OFDM,” in OFC/NFOEC2008, paper OThD2.
  9. N. Cvijetic, D. Qian, J. Hu, and T. Wang, “Orthogonal frequency division multiple access PON (OFDMA-PON) for colorless upstream transmission beyond 10 Gb/s,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun.28(6), 781–790 (2010). [CrossRef]
  10. X. Q. Jin, E. H-Salas, R. P. Giddings, J. L. Wei, J. Groenewald, and J. M. Tang, “First real-time experimental demonstrations of 11.25Gb/s optical OFDMA PONs with adaptive dynamic bandwidth allocation,” Opt. Express19(21). 20557–20570 (2011). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. B. J. C. Schmidt, A. J. Lowery, and J. Armstrong, “Experimental demonstrations of electronic dispersion compensation for long-haul transmission using direct-detection optical OFDM,” J. Lightwave Technol.26(1), 196–203 (2008). [CrossRef]
  12. Y. Ma, Q. Yang, Y. Tang, S. Chen, and W. Shieh, “1-Tb/s single-channel coherent optical OFDM transmission over 600-km SSMF fiber with subwavelenth bandwidth access,” Opt. Express17(11), 9421–9427 (2009). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. E. Vanin, “Performance evaluation of intensity modulated optical OFDM system with digital baseband distortion,” Opt. Express19(5), 4280–4293 (2011). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  14. C-C. Wei, “Small-signal analysis of OOFDM signal transmission with directly modulated laser and direct detection,” Opt. Letters36(2), 151–153 (2011). [CrossRef]
  15. C-C. Wei, “Analysis and iterative equalization of transient and adiabatic chirp effects in DML-based OFDM transmission systems,” Opt. Express20(23), 25774–25789 (2012). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  16. G. P. Agrawal and N. K. Dutta, Semiconductor Lasers (Van Nostrand Reinhold, 1993).
  17. J. L. Wei, X. Q. Jin, and J. M. Tang, “The influence of directly modulated DFB lasers on the transmission performance of carrier-suppressed single-sideband optical OFDM signals over IMDD SMF systems,” J. Lightwave Technol.27(13), 2412–2419 (2009). [CrossRef]
  18. E. Peral, “Large-signal theory of the effect of dispersive propagation on the intensity modulation response of semiconductor lasers,” J. Lightwave Technol.18(1), 84–89 (2000). [CrossRef]
  19. J. Helms, “Intermodulation distortions of broad-band modulated laser diodes,” J. Lightwave Technol.10(12), 1901–1906 (1992). [CrossRef]
  20. M. Abramowitz and I. A. Stegun, Handbook of Mathematical Functions (Dover Publications, 1972).
  21. P. K. Vitthaladevuni, M-S. Alouini, and J. C. Kieffer, “Exact BER computation for cross QAM constellations,” IEEE Trans. Wireless Commun.4(6), 3039–3050 (2005). [CrossRef]
  22. X. Zheng, X. Q. Jin, R. P. Giddings, J. L. Wei, E. Hugues-Salas, Y. H. Hong, and J. M. Tang, “Negative power penalties of optical OFDM signal transmission in directly modulated DFB laser-based IMDD systems incorporating negative dispersion fibers,” IEEE Photon. J.2(4), 532–542 (2010). [CrossRef]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

Figures

Fig. 1 Fig. 2 Fig. 3
 
Fig. 4 Fig. 5
 

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited