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Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: Andrew M. Weiner
  • Vol. 21, Iss. 8 — Apr. 22, 2013
  • pp: 10208–10214

High performance fiber-coupled NbTiN superconducting nanowire single photon detectors with Gifford-McMahon cryocooler

Shigehito Miki, Taro Yamashita, Hirotaka Terai, and Zhen Wang  »View Author Affiliations

Optics Express, Vol. 21, Issue 8, pp. 10208-10214 (2013)

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We present high performance fiber-coupled niobium titanium nitride superconducting nanowire single photon detectors fabricated on thermally oxidized silicon substrates. The best device showed a system detection efficiency (DE) of 74%, dark count rate of 100 c/s, and full width at half maximum timing jitter of 68 ps under a bias current of 18.0 μA with a practical Gifford-McMahon cryocooler system. We also introduced six detectors into the cryocooler and confirmed that the system DE of all detectors was higher than 67% at the dark count rate of 100 c/s.

© 2013 OSA

OCIS Codes
(040.5160) Detectors : Photodetectors
(270.5570) Quantum optics : Quantum detectors

ToC Category:

Original Manuscript: February 22, 2013
Revised Manuscript: April 10, 2013
Manuscript Accepted: April 14, 2013
Published: April 17, 2013

Shigehito Miki, Taro Yamashita, Hirotaka Terai, and Zhen Wang, "High performance fiber-coupled NbTiN superconducting nanowire single photon detectors with Gifford-McMahon cryocooler," Opt. Express 21, 10208-10214 (2013)

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  1. G. Gol’tsman, O. Okunev, G. Chulkova, A. Lipatov, A. Semenov, K. Smirnov, B. Voronov, A. Dzardanov, C. Williams, and R. Sobolewski, “Picosecond superconducting single-photon optical detector,” Appl. Phys. Lett.79(6), 705–707 (2001). [CrossRef]
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  5. K. Yoshino, M. Fujiwara, A. Tanaka, S. Takahashi, Y. Nambu, A. Tomita, S. Miki, T. Yamashita, Z. Wang, M. Sasaki, and A. Tajima, “High-speed wavelength-division multiplexing quantum key distribution system,” Opt. Lett.37(2), 223–225 (2012). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. R. Ikuta, H. Kato, Y. Kusaka, S. Miki, T. Yamashita, H. Terai, M. Fujiwara, T. Yamamoto, M. Koashi, M. Sasaki, Z. Wang, and N. Imoto, “High-fidelity conversion of photonic quantum information to telecommunication wavelength with superconducting single-photon detectors,” Phys. Rev. A87(1), 010301 (2013). [CrossRef]
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  8. D. Rosenberg, A. J. Kerman, R. J. Molnar, and E. A. Dauler, “High-speed and high-efficiency superconducting nanowire single photon detector array,” Opt. Express21(2), 1440–1447 (2013). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. S. N. Dorenbos, E. M. Reiger, U. Perinetti, V. Zwiller, T. Zijlstra, and T. M. Klapwijk, “Low noise superconducting single photon detectors on silicon,” Appl. Phys. Lett.93(13), 131101 (2008). [CrossRef]
  10. S. Miki, m. Takeda, m. Fujiwara, m. Sasaki, a. Otomo, and z. Wang, “Superconducting NBTIN Nanowire single photon detectors with low kinetic inductance,” Appl. Phys. Express2, 075002 (2009). [CrossRef]
  11. Z. Wang, S. Miki, and M. Fujiwara, “Superconducting nanowire single-photon detectors for quantum information and communications,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.15(6), 1741–1747 (2009). [CrossRef]
  12. S. Miki, T. Yamashita, M. Fujiwara, M. Sasaki, and Z. Wang, “Multichannel SNSPD system with high detection efficiency at telecommunication wavelength,” Opt. Lett.35(13), 2133–2135 (2010). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. X. Ni, Z. Liu, F. Gu, M. G. Pacheco, J. Borneman, and A. V. Kildishev, “PhotonicsSHA-2D: Modeling of Single-Period Multilayer Optical Gratings and Metamaterials,” http://nanohub.org/resources/sha2d . (DOI: ) (2012). [CrossRef]
  14. S. Miki, M. Fujiwara, M. Sasaki, and Z. Wang, “Development of SNSPD system with Gifford-McMahon cryocooler,” IEEE Trans. Appl. Supercond.19(3), 332–335 (2009). [CrossRef]
  15. T. Yamashita, S. Miki, W. Qiu, M. Fujiwara, M. Sasaki, and Z. Wang, “Temperature dependent performances of superconducting nanowire single-photon detectors in an ultralow-temperature region,” Appl. Phys. Express3(10), 102502 (2010). [CrossRef]
  16. S. Miki, M. Takeda, M. Fujiwara, M. Sasaki, and Z. Wang, “Compactly packaged superconducting nanowire single-photon detector with an optical cavity for multichannel system,” Opt. Express17(26), 23557–23564 (2009). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  17. F. Marsili, F. Bellei, F. Najafi, A. E. Dane, E. A. Dauler, R. J. Molnar, and K. K. Berggren, “Efficient Single Photon Detection from 500 nm to 5 μm Wavelength,” Nano Lett.12(9), 4799–4804 (2012). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  18. T. Yamashita, S. Miki, K. Makise, W. Qiu, H. Terai, M. Fujiwara, M. Sasaki, and Z. Wang, “Origin of intrinsic dark count in superconducting nanowire single-photon detectors,” Appl. Phys. Lett.99(16), 161105 (2011). [CrossRef]
  19. H. Terai, T. Yamashita, S. Miki, K. Makise, and Z. Wang, “Low-jitter single flux quantum signal readout from superconducting single photon detector,” Opt. Express20(18), 20115–20123 (2012). [CrossRef] [PubMed]

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