OSA's Digital Library

Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: Andrew M. Weiner
  • Vol. 21, Iss. 8 — Apr. 22, 2013
  • pp: 9624–9635

Controllable mode multistability in microring lasers

Guohui Yuan and Zhuoran Wang  »View Author Affiliations

Optics Express, Vol. 21, Issue 8, pp. 9624-9635 (2013)

View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (1380 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools



We investigate mode multistability, i.e. coexistence of direction bistability and wavelength bi/multistability in microring lasers (MRLs) theoretically and numerically. We derive the expressions for conditions required for mode multistable operation in microring lasers based on a nonlinear multimode model with nonlinear effects stemming from carrier density pulsation, carrier heating and spectral hole burning included. We find theoretically that lasing mode can be selected from the multistable modes by external optical injection through gain saturation, and removal of the external optical injection will not affect the stability of the established lasing mode. Numerical results on all-optical multistate flip-flop function demonstrate that switching between multistable modes can be induced by trigger signals with each states self-sustained after the removal of the trigger signals in a 50µm-radius microring laser.

© 2013 OSA

OCIS Codes
(140.3560) Lasers and laser optics : Lasers, ring
(140.5960) Lasers and laser optics : Semiconductor lasers
(190.1450) Nonlinear optics : Bistability
(140.3948) Lasers and laser optics : Microcavity devices
(130.4815) Integrated optics : Optical switching devices

ToC Category:
Lasers and Laser Optics

Original Manuscript: December 6, 2012
Revised Manuscript: February 15, 2013
Manuscript Accepted: March 17, 2013
Published: April 10, 2013

Guohui Yuan and Zhuoran Wang, "Controllable mode multistability in microring lasers," Opt. Express 21, 9624-9635 (2013)

Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  


  1. K. Nozaki, A. Shinya, S. Matsuo, Y. Suzaki, T. Segawa, T. Sato, Y. Kawaguchi, R. Takahashi, and M. Notomi, “Ultralow-power all-optical RAM based on nanocavities,” Nat. Photonics6(4), 248–252 (2012). [CrossRef]
  2. Q. Xu and M. Lipson, “All-optical logic based on silicon micro-ring resonators,” Opt. Express15(3), 924–929 (2007), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?uri=oe-15-3-924 . [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. K. Nozaki, T. Tanabe, A. Shinya, S. Matsuo, T. Sato, H. Taniyama, and M. Notomi, “Sub-femtojoule all-optical switching using a photonic-crystal nanocavity,” Nat. Photonics4(7), 477–483 (2010). [CrossRef]
  4. M. T. Hill, H. J. S. Dorren, T. De Vries, X. J. M. Leijtens, J. H. Den Besten, B. Smalbrugge, Y. S. Oei, H. Binsma, G. D. Khoe, and M. K. Smit, “A fast low-power optical memory based on coupled micro-ring lasers,” Nature432(7014), 206–209 (2004). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. M. Sorel, G. Giuliani, A. Scire, R. Miglierina, S. Donati, and P. J. R. Laybourn, “Operating regimes of GaAs-AlGaAs semiconductor ring lasers: experiment and model,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.39(10), 1187–1195 (2003). [CrossRef]
  6. Z. Wang, G. Yuan, X. Cai, G. Verschaffelt, J. Dancka, Y. Liu, and S. Yu, “Error-free 10Gb/s all-optical switching based on a bidirectional SRL with miniaturized retro-reflector cavity,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.22(24), 1805–1807 (2010). [CrossRef]
  7. L. Liu, R. Kumar, K. Huybrechts, T. Spuesens, G. Roelkens, E. J. Geluk, T. D. Vries, P. Regreny, D. Thourhout, R. Baets, and G. Morthier, “An ultra-small, low-power, all-optical flip-flop memory on a silicon chip,” Nat. Photonics4(3), 182–187 (2010). [CrossRef]
  8. D. Liang and J. E. Bowers, “Recent progress in lasers on silicon,” Nat. Photonics4(8), 511–517 (2010). [CrossRef]
  9. C. Born, S. Yu, M. Sorel, and P. J. R. Laybourn, “Controllable and stable mode selection in a semiconductor ring laser by injection locking,” in CLEO Proceedings, paper CWK4, (2003).
  10. Z. Wang, G. Yuan, G. Verschaffelt, J. Danckaert, and S. Yu, “Storing 2 bits of information in a novel single semiconductor micro-ring laser memory cell,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.20(14), 1228–1230 (2008). [CrossRef]
  11. G. Yuan and S. Yu, “Bistability and switching properties of semiconductor ring lasers with external optical Injection,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.44(1), 41–48 (2008). [CrossRef]
  12. G. Yuan and Z. Wang, “Theoretical and numerical investigations of wavelength bi/multistability in semiconductor ring lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.47(11), 1375–1382 (2011). [CrossRef]
  13. A. Pérez-Serrano, J. Javaloyes, and S. Balle, “Longitudinal mode multistability in ring and Fabry-Pérot lasers: the effect of spatial hole burning,” Opt. Express19(4), 3284–3289 (2011), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?uri=oe-19-4-3284 . [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  14. C. Born, G. Yuan, Z. Wang, and S. Yu, “Nonlinear gain in semiconductor ring lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.44(11), 1055–1064 (2008). [CrossRef]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited