OSA's Digital Library

Energy Express

Energy Express

  • Editor: Christian Seassal
  • Vol. 21, Iss. S1 — Jan. 14, 2013
  • pp: A77–A83

One way optical waveguides for matched non-reciprocal nanoantennas with dynamic beam scanning functionality

Yakir Hadad and Ben Z. Steinberg  »View Author Affiliations

Optics Express, Vol. 21, Issue S1, pp. A77-A83 (2013)

View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (883 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools



Matching circuits for waveguide-nanoantenna connections are difficult to implement. However, if the waveguide permits only one-way propagation, the matching issue disappears since back-reflections cannot take place; the feed signal is converted to radiation at high efficiency. Hence, a terminated one-way waveguide may serve as an assembly consisting of a waveguide, a matching mechanism, and an antenna. Since one-way structures are inherently non-reciprocal, this antenna possesses different transmit and receive patterns. We test and demonstrate this concept on a recently suggested new class of one-way plasmonic waveguides and present an additional significant dynamic beam scanning functionality.

© 2012 OSA

OCIS Codes
(230.2240) Optical devices : Faraday effect
(230.7020) Optical devices : Traveling-wave devices
(260.2110) Physical optics : Electromagnetic optics
(350.4238) Other areas of optics : Nanophotonics and photonic crystals
(250.5403) Optoelectronics : Plasmonics

ToC Category:

Original Manuscript: September 6, 2012
Revised Manuscript: November 8, 2012
Manuscript Accepted: November 8, 2012
Published: November 30, 2012

Yakir Hadad and Ben Z. Steinberg, "One way optical waveguides for matched non-reciprocal nanoantennas with dynamic beam scanning functionality," Opt. Express 21, A77-A83 (2013)

Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  


  1. L. Novotny, N. V. Hulst, “Antennas for light,” Nat. Photonics 5(2), 83–90 (2011). [CrossRef]
  2. G. W. Hanson, “On the applicability of surface impedance integral equation for optical and near infrared copper dipole antennas,” IEEE Trans. Antenn. Propag. 54(12), 3677–3685 (2006). [CrossRef]
  3. L. Novotny, “Effective wavelength scaling for optical antennas,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 98(26), 266802 (2007). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. A. Alu, N. Engheta, “Tuning the scattering response of optical nanoantennas with nanocircuit loads,” Nat. Photonics 2(5), 307–310 (2008). [CrossRef]
  5. A. Alù, N. Engheta, “Input impedance, nanocircuit loading, and radiation tuning of optical nanoantennas,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101(4), 043901 (2008). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. A. Alu, N. Engheta, “Herzian plasmonic nanodimmer as an efficient nanoantenna,” Phys. Rev. B 78(19), 195111 (2008). [CrossRef]
  7. M. Schnell, A. Garcia-Etxarri, A. J. Huber, K. Crozier, J. Aizpurua, R. Hillenbrand, “Controlling the near-field oscillations of loaded plasmonic nanoantennas,” Nat. Photonics 3(5), 287–291 (2009). [CrossRef]
  8. T. Kosako, Y. Kadoya, H. F. Hofmann, “Directional control of light by nano-optical Yagi-Uda antenna,” Nat. Photonics 4(5), 312–315 (2010). [CrossRef]
  9. X. Liu, A. Alu, “Subwavelength leaky-wave optical nanoantennas: directive radiation from linear arrays of plasmonic nanoparticles,” Phys. Rev. B 82(14), 144305 (2010). [CrossRef]
  10. D. V. Orden, V. Lomakin, “Fundamental electromagnetic properties of twisted periodic arrays,” IEEE Trans. Antenn. Propag. 59(8), 2824–2833 (2011). [CrossRef]
  11. A. G. Curto, G. Volpe, T. H. Taminiau, M. P. Kreuzer, R. Quidant, N. F. van Hulst, “Unidirectional emission of a quantum dot coupled to a nanoantenna,” Science 329(5994), 930–933 (2010). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. J. N. Farahani, D. W. Pohl, H. J. Eisler, B. Hecht, “Single quantum dot coupled to a scanning optical antenna: a tunable superemitter,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95(1), 017402 (2005). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. A. F. Koenderink, “Plasmon nanoparticle array waveguides for single photon and single plasmon sources,” Nano Lett. 9(12), 4228–4233 (2009). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  14. D. E. Chang, A. S. Sørensen, P. R. Hemmer, M. D. Lukin, “Quantum optics with surface plasmons,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97(5), 053002 (2006). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  15. A. V. Akimov, A. Mukherjee, C. L. Yu, D. E. Chang, A. S. Zibrov, P. R. Hemmer, H. Park, M. D. Lukin, “Generation of single optical plasmons in metallic nanowires coupled to quantum dots,” Nat Lett.  450402–406 (2007).
  16. Y. C. Jun, R. D. Kekatpure, J. S. White, M. L. Brongersma, “Nanresonant enhancement of spontaneous emission in metal-dielectric-metal plasmon waveguide structures,” Phys. Rev. B 78(15), 153111 (2008). [CrossRef]
  17. T. J. Seok, A. Jamshidi, M. Kim, S. Dhuey, A. Lakhani, H. Choo, P. J. Schuck, S. Cabrini, A. M. Schwartzberg, J. Bokor, E. Yablonovitch, M. C. Wu, “Radiation engineering of optical antennas for maximum field enhancement,” Nano Lett. 11(7), 2606–2610 (2011). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  18. L. Yousefi, A. C. Foster, “Waveguide-fed optical hybrid plasmonic patch nano-antenna,” Opt. Express 20(16), 18326–18335 (2012). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  19. A. Yaacobi, E. Timurdogan, M. R. Watts, “Vertical emitting aperture nanoantennas,” Opt. Lett. 37(9), 1454–1456 (2012). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  20. D. Dregely, R. Taubert, J. Dorfmüller, R. Vogelgesang, K. Kern, H. Giessen, “3D optical Yagi-Uda nanoantenna array,” Nat Commun 2, 267 (2011). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  21. Q. Song, S. Campione, O. Boyraz, F. Capolino, “Silicon-based optical leaky wave antenna with narrow beam radiation,” Opt. Express 19(9), 8735–8749 (2011). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  22. D. Ramaccia, F. Bilotti, A. Toscano, A. Massaro, “Efficient and wideband horn nanoantenna,” Opt. Lett. 36(10), 1743–1745 (2011). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  23. Y. Hadad, B. Z. Steinberg, “Magnetized spiral chains of plasmonic ellipsoids for one-way optical waveguides,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105(23), 233904 (2010). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  24. S. S. Walavalkar, A. P. Homyk, M. D. Henry, A. Scherer, “Controllable deformation of silicon nanowires with strain up to 24%,” J. Appl. Phys. 107(12), 124314 (2010). [CrossRef]
  25. C. S. T. Studio, 2011 online: www.cst.com
  26. L. Novotny and B. Hecht, Principles of Nano-Optics (Cambridge, 2006), Chap. 8.
  27. Y. Xu, R. K. Lee, A. Yariv, “Quantum analysis and the classical analysis of spontaneous emission in microcavity,” Phys. Rev. A 61(3), 033807 (2000). [CrossRef]
  28. B. Sepúlveda, J. B. González-Díaz, A. García-Martín, L. M. Lechuga, G. Armelles, “Plasmon-induced magneto-optical activity in nanosized gold disks,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 104(14), 147401 (2010). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  29. Y. Hadad, B. Z. Steinberg, “Green’s function theory for infinite and semi-infinite particle chains,” Phys. Rev. B 84(12), 125402 (2011). [CrossRef]
  30. Z. Yu, G. Veronis, Z. Wang, S. Fan, “One-way electromagnetic waveguide formed at the interface between a plasmonic metal under a static magnetic field and a photonic crystal,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100(2), 023902 (2008). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  31. H. Lira, Z. Yu, S. Fan, M. Lipson, “Electrically driven nonreciprocity induced by interband photonic transition on a silicon chip,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 109(3), 033901 (2012). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  32. Y. Mazor, B. Z. Steinberg, “Longitudinal chirality, enhanced nonreciprocity, and nanoscale planar one-way plasmonic guiding,” Phys. Rev. B 86(4), 045120 (2012). [CrossRef]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.


Fig. 1 Fig. 2 Fig. 3
Fig. 4

Supplementary Material

» Media 1: MPG (524 KB)     

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited