OSA's Digital Library

Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: Andrew M. Weiner
  • Vol. 22, Iss. 17 — Aug. 25, 2014
  • pp: 21051–21060

Coherent control of Snell’s law at metasurfaces

Jinhui Shi, Xu Fang, Edward T. F. Rogers, Eric Plum, Kevin F. MacDonald, and Nikolay I. Zheludev  »View Author Affiliations

Optics Express, Vol. 22, Issue 17, pp. 21051-21060 (2014)

View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (2785 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools



It was recently demonstrated that the well-known Snell’s law must be corrected for phase gradient metasurfaces to account for their spatially varying phase, leading to normal and anomalous transmission and reflection of light on such metasurfaces. Here we show that the efficiency of normal and anomalous transmission and reflection of light can be controlled by the intensity or phase of a second coherent wave. The phenomenon is illustrated using gradient metasurfaces based on V-shaped and rectangular apertures in a metal film. This coherent control effect can be exploited for wave front shaping and signal routing.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(260.2110) Physical optics : Electromagnetic optics
(160.3918) Materials : Metamaterials
(310.6628) Thin films : Subwavelength structures, nanostructures

ToC Category:

Original Manuscript: June 30, 2014
Revised Manuscript: July 30, 2014
Manuscript Accepted: July 30, 2014
Published: August 22, 2014

Jinhui Shi, Xu Fang, Edward T. F. Rogers, Eric Plum, Kevin F. MacDonald, and Nikolay I. Zheludev, "Coherent control of Snell’s law at metasurfaces," Opt. Express 22, 21051-21060 (2014)

Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  


  1. A. Papakostas, A. Potts, D. M. Bagnall, S. L. Prosvirnin, H. J. Coles, and N. I. Zheludev, “Optical Manifestations of Planar Chirality,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 90(10), 107404 (2003). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. N. Yu, P. Genevet, M. A. Kats, F. Aieta, J. P. Tetienne, F. Capasso, and Z. Gaburro, “Light propagation with phase discontinuities: generalized laws of reflection and refraction,” Science 334(6054), 333–337 (2011). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. X. Ni, N. K. Emani, A. V. Kildishev, A. Boltasseva, and V. M. Shalaev, “Broadband light bending with plasmonic nanoantennas,” Science 335(6067), 427 (2012). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. S. Sun, K. Y. Yang, C. M. Wang, T. K. Juan, W. T. Chen, C. Y. Liao, Q. He, S. Y. Xiao, W. T. Kung, G. Y. Guo, L. Zhou, and D. P. Tsai, “High-efficiency broadband anomalous reflection by gradient meta-surfaces,” Nano Lett. 12(12), 6223–6229 (2012). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. T. Roy, A. E. Nikolaenko, and E. T. F. Rogers, “A meta-diffraction-grating for visible light,” J. Opt. 15(8), 085101 (2013). [CrossRef]
  6. M. Kang, T. Feng, H.-T. Wang, and J. Li, “Wave front engineering from an array of thin aperture antennas,” Opt. Express 20(14), 15882–15890 (2012). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. Z. Y. Wei, Y. Cao, X. P. Su, Z. J. Gong, Y. Long, and H. Q. Li, “Highly efficient beam steering with a transparent metasurface,” Opt. Express 21(9), 10739–10745 (2013). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. X. B. Yin, Z. L. Ye, J. Rho, Y. Wang, and X. Zhang, “Photonic spin Hall effect at metasurfaces,” Science 339(6126), 1405–1407 (2013). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. G. X. Li, M. Kang, S. M. Chen, S. Zhang, E. Y. B. Pun, K. W. Cheah, and J. Li, “Spin-enabled plasmonic metasurfaces for manipulating orbital angular momentum of light,” Nano Lett. 13(9), 4148–4151 (2013). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. P. Genevet, N. Yu, F. Aieta, J. Lin, M. A. Kats, R. Blanchard, M. O. Scully, Z. Gaburro, and F. Capasso, “Ultra-thin plasmonic optical vortex plate based on phase discontinuities,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 100(1), 013101 (2012). [CrossRef]
  11. N. Yu, F. Aieta, P. Genevet, M. A. Kats, Z. Gaburro, and F. Capasso, “A broadband, background-free quarter-wave plate based on plasmonic metasurfaces,” Nano Lett. 12(12), 6328–6333 (2012). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. S. Sun, Q. He, S. Xiao, Q. Xu, X. Li, and L. Zhou, “Gradient-index meta-surfaces as a bridge linking propagating waves and surface waves,” Nat. Mater. 11(5), 426–431 (2012). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. X. Chen, L. Huang, H. Mühlenbernd, G. X. Li, B. Bai, Q. Tan, G. Jin, C. W. Qiu, S. Zhang, and T. Zentgraf, “Dual-polarity plasmonic metalens for visible light,” Nature Commun 3, 1198 (2012). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  14. X. Ni, S. Ishii, A. V. Kildishev, and V. M. Shalaev, “Ultra-thin, planar, Babinet-inverted plasmonic metalenses,” Light Sci. Appl. 2(4), e72 (2013). [CrossRef]
  15. A. Pors, M. G. Nielsen, R. L. Eriksen, and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, “Broadband focusing flat mirrors based on plasmonic gradient metasurfaces,” Nano Lett. 13(2), 829–834 (2013). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  16. G. Yuan, E. T. F. Rogers, T. Roy, Z. Shen, and N. I. Zheludev, “Flat super-oscillatory lens for heat-assisted magnetic recording with sub-50 nm resolution,” Opt. Express 22(6), 6428–6437 (2014). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  17. J. Lin, P. Genevet, M. A. Kats, N. Antoniou, and F. Capasso, “Nanostructured holograms for broadband manipulation of vector beams,” Nano Lett. 13(9), 4269–4274 (2013). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  18. X. Ni, A. V. Kildishev, and V. M. Shalaev, “Metasurface holograms for visible light,” Nature Comm. 4, 2807 (2013). [CrossRef]
  19. L. L. Huang, X. Chen, H. Muhlenbernd, H. Zhang, S. Chen, B. Bai, Q. Tan, G. Jin, K.-W. Cheah, C.-W. Qiu, J. Li, T. Zentgraf, and S. Zhang, “Three-dimensional optical holography using a plasmonic metasurface,” Nature Comm. 4, 2808 (2013). [CrossRef]
  20. W. T. Chen, K.-Y. Yang, C.-M. Wang, Y.-W. Huang, G. Sun, I.-D. Chiang, C. Y. Liao, W.-L. Hsu, H. T. Lin, S. Sun, L. Zhou, A. Q. Liu, and D. P. Tsai, “High-efficiency broadband meta-hologram with polarization-controlled dual images,” Nano Lett. 14(1), 225–230 (2014). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  21. J. Zhang, K. F. MacDonald, and N. I. Zheludev, “Controlling light-with-light without nonlinearity,” Light: Sci. Appl. 1(7), e18 (2012). [CrossRef]
  22. X. Fang, M. L. Tseng, D. P. Tsai, and N. I. Zheludev, “Coherent excitation-selective spectroscopy in planar metamaterials,” http://arxiv.org/abs/1312.0524 (2013).
  23. X. Fang, M. L. Tseng, J. Y. Ou, K. F. MacDonald, D. P. Tsai, and N. I. Zheludev, “Ultrafast all-optical switching via coherent modulation of metamaterial absorption,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 104(14), 141102 (2014). [CrossRef]
  24. J. F. Zhang, C. C. Guo, K. Liu, Z. H. Zhu, W. M. Ye, X. D. Yuan, and S. Q. Qin, “Coherent perfect absorption and transparency in a nanostructured graphene film,” Opt. Express 22(10), 12524–12532 (2014). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  25. S. A. Mousavi, E. Plum, J. H. Shi, and N. I. Zheludev, “Coherent control of birefringence and optical activity,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 105(1), 011906 (2014). [CrossRef]
  26. COMSOL 3.5a.
  27. Z. T. Liu, A. Boltasseva, R. H. Pedersen, R. Bakker, A. V. Kildishev, V. P. Drachev, and V. M. Shalaev, “Plasmonic nanoantenna arrays for the visible,” Metamaterials (Amst.) 2(1), 45–51 (2008). [CrossRef]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited