OSA's Digital Library

Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: Andrew M. Weiner
  • Vol. 22, Iss. 3 — Feb. 10, 2014
  • pp: 2965–2972

The origin of interferometric effect involving surface plasmon polariton in scattering near-field scanning optical microscopy

Yan Li, Nan Zhou, Edward C. Kinzel, Xifeng Ren, and Xianfan Xu  »View Author Affiliations

Optics Express, Vol. 22, Issue 3, pp. 2965-2972 (2014)

View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (1271 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools



Scattering near-field scanning optical microscopy (s-NSOM) has been developed to characterize optical near field with spatial resolution on the order of 10 nm. In this work we report investigation of the interferometric patterns commonly occurred in s-NSOM measurements. To reveal the origin of such interference patterns, a simple nanoslit is used. Comparing the measured result with a simplified analytical model as well as full-field numerical simulations, it is shown that the interference pattern is predominantly formed by the in-plane component of incidence light and surface plasmon polariton (SPP) launched by the nanoslit. This result helps to understand the responses of plasmonic nanostructures during s-NSOM measurements.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(260.3160) Physical optics : Interference
(180.4243) Microscopy : Near-field microscopy
(310.6628) Thin films : Subwavelength structures, nanostructures

ToC Category:

Original Manuscript: December 26, 2013
Revised Manuscript: January 28, 2014
Manuscript Accepted: January 28, 2014
Published: January 31, 2014

Virtual Issues
Vol. 9, Iss. 4 Virtual Journal for Biomedical Optics

Yan Li, Nan Zhou, Edward C. Kinzel, Xifeng Ren, and Xianfan Xu, "The origin of interferometric effect involving surface plasmon polariton in scattering near-field scanning optical microscopy," Opt. Express 22, 2965-2972 (2014)

Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  


  1. A. Bek, R. Vogelgesang, K. Kern, “Apertureless scanning near field optical microscope with sub-10 nm resolution,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 77(4), 043703 (2006). [CrossRef]
  2. E. Bründermann, M. Havenith, “SNIM: Scanning near-Field Infrared Microscopy,” Annu. Rep. Prog. Chem. Sect. C 104, 235–255 (2008). [CrossRef]
  3. M. Rang, A. C. Jones, F. Zhou, Z. Y. Li, B. J. Wiley, Y. Xia, M. B. Raschke, “Optical near-field mapping of plasmonic nanoprisms,” Nano Lett. 8(10), 3357–3363 (2008). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. T. Y. Cheng, H. H. Wang, S. H. Chang, J. Y. Chu, J. H. Lee, Y. L. Wang, J. K. Wang, “Revealing local, enhanced optical field characteristics of Au nanoparticle arrays with 10 nm gap using scattering-type scanning near-field optical microscopy,” Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 15(12), 4275–4282 (2013). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. W. Chen, A. Kirilyuk, A. Kimel, T. Rasing, “Direct mapping of plasmonic coupling between a triangular gold island pair,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 100(16), 163111 (2012). [CrossRef]
  6. A. Hartschuh, “Tip-Enhanced Near-Field Optical Microscopy,” Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. Engl. 47(43), 8178–8191 (2008). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. C. Neacsu, G. A. Reider, M. B. Raschke, “Second-harmonic generation from nanoscopic metal tips: Symmetry selection rules for single asymmetric nanostructures,” Phys. Rev. B 71(20), 201402 (2005). [CrossRef]
  8. C. Neacsu, J. Dreyer, N. Behr, M. B. Raschke, “Scanning-probe Raman spectroscopy with single-molecule sensitivity,” Phys. Rev. B 73(19), 193406 (2006). [CrossRef]
  9. F. Keilmann, R. Hillenbrand, “Near-field microscopy by elastic light scattering from a tip,” Philos Trans A Math Phys Eng Sci 362(1817), 787–805 (2004). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. R. Bachelot, P. Gleyzes, A. C. Boccara, “Near field optical microscopy by local perturbation of a diffraction spot,” Microsc. Microanal. Microstruct. 5(4-6), 389–397 (1994). [CrossRef]
  11. N. Ocelic, A. Huber, R. Hillenbrand, “Pseudoheterodyne detection for background-free near-field spectroscopy,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89(10), 101124 (2006). [CrossRef]
  12. S. Aubert, A. Bruyant, S. Blaize, R. Bachelot, G. Lerondel, S. Hudlet, P. Royer, “Analysis of the interferometric effect of the background light in apertureless scanning near-field optical microscopy,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 20(10), 2117–2124 (2003). [CrossRef]
  13. A. Fragola, L. Aigouy, C. Boccara, “Interference Effect in Apertureless Near-Field Fluorescence Imaging,” Appl. Opt. 42(34), 6880–6888 (2003). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  14. P. Lalanne, J. P. Hugonin, “Interaction between optical nano-objects at metallo-dielectric interfaces,” Nat. Phys. 2(8), 551–556 (2006). [CrossRef]
  15. P. Lalanne, J. P. Hugonin, J. C. Rodier, “Approximate model for surface-plasmon generation at slit apertures,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 23(7), 1608–1615 (2006). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  16. L. Zhang, A. Kubo, L. Wang, H. Petek, T. Seideman, “Imaging of surface plasmon polariton fields excited at a nanometer-scale slit,” Phys. Rev. B 84(24), 245442 (2011). [CrossRef]
  17. B. Wang, L. Aigouy, E. Bourhis, J. Gierak, J.-P. Hugonin, P. Lalanne, “Efficient generation of surface plasmon by single-nanoslit illumination under highly oblique incidence,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94(1), 011114 (2009). [CrossRef]
  18. K. G. Lee, H. W. Kihm, K. J. Ahn, J. S. Ahn, Y. D. Suh, C. Lienau, D. S. Kim, “Vector field mapping of local polarization using gold nanoparticle functionalized tips: independence of the tip shape,” Opt. Express 15(23), 14993–15001 (2007). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  19. J. T. Krug, E. J. Sánchez, X. S. Xie, “Design of near-field optical probes with optimal field enhancement by finite difference time domain electromagnetic simulation,” J. Chem. Phys. 116(24), 10895 (2002). [CrossRef]
  20. Z. Fei, A. S. Rodin, G. O. Andreev, W. Bao, A. S. McLeod, M. Wagner, L. M. Zhang, Z. Zhao, M. Thiemens, G. Dominguez, M. M. Fogler, A. H. Castro Neto, C. N. Lau, F. Keilmann, D. N. Basov, “Gate-tuning of graphene plasmons revealed by infrared nano-imaging,” Nature 487(7405), 82–85 (2012). [PubMed]
  21. A. Huber, N. Ocelic, D. Kazantsev, R. Hillenbrand, “Near-Field Imaging of Mid-Infrared Surface Phonon Polariton Propagation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 87(8), 081103 (2005). [CrossRef]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.


Fig. 1 Fig. 2 Fig. 3
Fig. 4 Fig. 5

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited