OSA's Digital Library

Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: J. H. Eberly
  • Vol. 8, Iss. 11 — May. 21, 2001
  • pp: 631–643

Improvement in retinal image quality with dynamic correction of the eye’s aberrations

H. Hofer, L. Chen, G. Y. Yoon, B. Singer, Y. Yamauchi, and D. R. Williams  »View Author Affiliations

Optics Express, Vol. 8, Issue 11, pp. 631-643 (2001)

View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (982 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools



We measured the improvement in retinal image quality provided by correcting the temporal variation in the eye’s wave aberration with a closed-loop adaptive optics system. This system samples the eye’s wave aberration at rates up to 30 Hz. Correction of the eye’s aberrations can be completed in 0.25–0.5 seconds, resulting in residual rms wave-front errors as low as 0.1 microns for 6.8 mm pupils. Real-time wave-front measurements were used to determine how effectively the spatial and temporal components of the eye’s wave aberration were corrected. The system provides dynamic correction of fluctuations in Zernike modes up to 5th order with temporal frequency components up to 0.8 Hz. Temporal performance is in good agreement with predictions based on theory. Correction of the temporal variation in the eye’s wave aberration increases the Strehl ratio of the point spread function nearly 3 times, and increases the contrast of images of cone photoreceptors by 33% compared with images taken with only static correction of the eye’s higher order aberrations.

© Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(010.1080) Atmospheric and oceanic optics : Active or adaptive optics
(330.4460) Vision, color, and visual optics : Ophthalmic optics and devices
(330.5370) Vision, color, and visual optics : Physiological optics

ToC Category:
Research Papers

Original Manuscript: March 13, 2001
Published: May 21, 2001

Heidi Hofer, Li Chen, Geun-Young Yoon, B. Singer, Yasuki Yamauchi, and David R. Williams, "Improvement in retinal image quality with dynamic correction of the eye's aberrations," Opt. Express 8, 631-643 (2001)

Sort:  Journal  |  Reset  


  1. M.S. Smirnov, "Measurement of the wave aberration of the human eye," Biophysics 6, 776-794 (1961).
  2. J. Liang, D. R. Williams, and D. T. Miller, "Supernormal vision and high resolution retinal imaging through adaptive optics," J. Opt. Soc. Am. A. 14, 2884-2892 (1997). [CrossRef]
  3. F. Vargas-Martin, P. Prieto, and P.Artal, "Correction of the aberrations in the human eye with liquid crystal spatial light modulators: limits to the performance," J. Opt. Soc. Am. A. 15, 2552-2562 (1998). [CrossRef]
  4. R. Navarro, E. Moreno-Barriuso, S. Bara, and T. Mancebo, "Phase plates for wave-aberration compensation in the human eye," Opt. Lett. 25, 236-238 (2000). [CrossRef]
  5. H. Hofer, P. Artal, B. Singer, J. L. Arag�n, and D. R. Williams, "Dynamics of the eye's wave aberration," J. Opt. Soc. Am. A. 18, 497-506 (2001). [CrossRef]
  6. E. J. Fernandez, I. Iglesias, P. Artal, "Closed-loop adaptive optics in the human eye," Opt. Lett. 26, 746-748 (2001). [CrossRef]
  7. American National Standard for the Safe Use of Lasers ANSI Z136.1. (Laser Institute of America, Orlando, FL, 1993).
  8. W. Jiang, and H. Li, "Hartmann-Shack wavefront sensing and control algorithm," SPIE 1271, Adaptive Optics and Optical Structures, 82-93 (1990) [CrossRef]
  9. S. Marcos, S. A. Burns, E. Moreno-Barriuso, and R. Navarro, "A new approach to the study of ocular chromatic aberrations," Vision Res. 39, 4309-4323 (1999). [CrossRef]
  10. G. Y. Yoon and D. R. Williams, "Visual performance after correcting the monochromatic and chromatic aberrations of the eye," J. Opt. Soc. Am. A., submitted (2001).
  11. W.N. Charman and G. Heron, "Fluctuations in accommodation: a review," Ophthal. Physiol. Opt. 8, 153-163 (1988). [CrossRef]
  12. A. Roorda and D.R. Williams, "The arrangement of the three cone classes in the living human eye," Nature 397, 520-522 (1999). [CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

Supplementary Material

» Media 1: MOV (633 KB)     
» Media 2: MOV (64 KB)     

« Previous Article

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited