OSA's Digital Library

Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: J. H. Eberly
  • Vol. 1, Iss. 1 — Jul. 7, 1997
  • pp: 12–21

Polarization locking in an isotropic, modelocked soliton Er/Yb fiber laser

S.T. Cundiff, B.C. Collings, and W.H. Knox  »View Author Affiliations

Optics Express, Vol. 1, Issue 1, pp. 12-21 (1997)

View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (791 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools



A modelocked fiber laser, operating in the soliton regime without any explicit intracavity polarizers, is observed to spontaneously lock its output polarization for certain values of the intracavity birefringence. For other settings of the intracavity birefringence the output polarization undergoes pulse-to-pulse evolution. The dependence of the output polarization evolution on intracavity birefringence outside of the locking regions can be understood with a simple model. The locking behavior exhibits several surprising aspects and is not completely understood.

© Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(060.4370) Fiber optics and optical communications : Nonlinear optics, fibers
(060.5530) Fiber optics and optical communications : Pulse propagation and temporal solitons
(060.7140) Fiber optics and optical communications : Ultrafast processes in fibers
(140.3510) Lasers and laser optics : Lasers, fiber
(140.7090) Lasers and laser optics : Ultrafast lasers
(320.7090) Ultrafast optics : Ultrafast lasers

ToC Category:
Research Papers

Original Manuscript: June 20, 1997
Revised Manuscript: June 19, 1997
Published: July 7, 1997

Steven Cundiff, B. Collings, and Wayne Knox, "Polarization locking in an isotropic, modelocked soliton Er/Yb fiber laser," Opt. Express 1, 12-21 (1997)

Sort:  Journal  |  Reset  


  1. I. N. Duling III and M.L. Dennis, Compact Sources of Ultrashort Pulses (Cambridge Univ. Press, Cambridge, 1995).
  2. see e.g., M.C. Nuss, W.H. Knox, and U. Koren, "Scaleable 32 channel chirped-pulse WDM source ", Electron. Lett. 32, 1311-1312 (1996). [CrossRef]
  3. G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics (Academic Press, San Diego, 1995).
  4. I. N. Duling III, "Subpicosecond all-fiber erbi um laser", Electron. Lett. 27, 544-545 (1991); D.J. Richardson, R.I. Laming, D.N. Payne, M.W. Phillips and V.J. Matsas, "320 fs soliton generation with passively mode-locked erbium fiber laser", Electron. Lett. 27, 730-732 (1991). [CrossRef]
  5. M. Hofer, M.E. Fermann, F. Haberl, M.H. Ober and A.J. Schmidt, "Modelocking with cross-phase and self-phase modulation", Opt. Lett. 16, 502-504 (1991); C.J. Chen, P.K.A. Wai, C.R. Menyuk, "Soliton fiber ring laser", Opt. Lett. 17, 417-419 (1992); V.J. Matsas, T.P. Newson, D.J. Richardson and D.J. Payne, "Selfstarting Passively Mode-Locked Fiber Ring Soliton Laser Exploiting Nonlinear Polarization Rotation ", Electron. Lett. 28, 1391-1393 (1992); K. Tamura, H.A. Haus and E.P. Ippen, "Self-starting additive pulse mode-locked erbium fiber ring laser ", Electron. Lett. 28, 2226-2228 (1992). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. K. Tamura, E.P. Ippen, H.A. Haus and L.E. Nelson, "77-fs pulse generation from a stretched-pulse mode-locked all-fiber ring laser", Opt. Lett. 18, 1080-1082 (1993); K. Tamura, L.E. Nelson, H.A. Haus and E.P. Ippen, "Soliton versus nonsoliton operation of fiber ring lasers ", Appl. Phys. Lett. 64, 149-151 (1994); H.A. Haus, K. Tamura, L.E. Nelson and E.P. Ippen, "Stretched-Pulse Additive Pulse Mode-Locking in Fiber Ring Lasers: Theory and Experiment", IEEE J. Quant. Electron. 31, 591-598 (1995). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. E. A. De Souza, C.E. Soccolich, W. Pleibel, R.H. Stolen, J.R Simpson and D.J. DiGiovanni, "Saturable Absorber Modelocked Polarization Maintaining Erbium-Doped Fiber Laser ", Electron. Lett. 29, 447-449 (1993); B.C. Barnett, L. Rahman, M.N. Islam, Y.C. Chen, P. Bhattacharya, W. Riha, K.V. Reddy, A.T. Howe, K.A. Stair, H. Iwamura, S.R. Friberg and T. Mukai, "High-power erbium-doped fiber laser mode locked by a semiconductor saturable absorber ", Opt. Lett. 20, 471-473 (1995). [CrossRef]
  8. S. Tsuda, W.H. Knox, J.L. Zyskind, J.E. Cunningham, W.Y. Jan and R. Pathak, "Broadband compact mode-locked Er/Yb fiber Laser", Conf. Laser Electro-Optics 96, OSA Tech. Digest Series 9, (OSA, Washington DC, 1996) 494.
  9. B. C. Collings, K. Bergman, S.T. Cundiff, S. Tsuda, J.N. Kutz, J.E. Cunningham, W.Y. Jan, M. Koch and W.H. Knox, "Short Cavity Erbium/Ytterbium Fiber Lasers Modelocked with a Saturable Bragg Reflector ", submitted for publication.
  10. S. Tsuda, W.H. Knox, E.A. de Souza, W.Y. Jan and J.E. Cunningham, "Low-loss intracavity AlAs/AlGaAs saturable Bragg reflector for femtosecond modelocking in solid-state lasers ", Opt. Lett. 20, 1406-1408 (1995); S.Tsuda, W.H.Knox, S.T. Cundiff, W.Y. Jan and J.E. Cunningham, "Mode-Locking Ultrafast Solid-State Lasers with Saturable Bragg Reflectors ", IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quant. Electron. 2, 454-464 (1996). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. H. C. Lefevre, "Single-mode fiber fractional wave devices and polarization controllers ", Electron. Lett. 16, 778-780 (1980). [CrossRef]
  12. S. T. Cundiff, W.H. Knox and M.C. Nuss, "Active feed-forward channel equalization for chirped pulse wavelength division multiplexing ", Electron. Lett. 33, 10-11 (1997). [CrossRef]
  13. see e.g., E. Collett, Polarized Light (Marcel Dekker, New York, 1993).
  14. N. Pandit, D.U. Noske, S.M.J. Kelly and J.R. Taylor, "Characteristic instability of fiber loop soliton lasers ", Electron. Lett. 28, 455-457 (1992); S.M.J. Kelly, "Characteristic sideband instability of periodically amplified average soliton", Electron. Lett. 28, 806-807 (1992). [CrossRef]
  15. B. C. Collings, K. Bergman, S. Tsuda, and W.H. Knox, "Femtosecond short cavity 2.5 GHz fiber laser harmonically modelocked by a saturable Bragg reflector with low temporal jitter ", presented at CLEO 97, 1997 OSA Technical Digest Series 11 (Optical Society of America, Washington DC, 1997) p. 343-344.
  16. A. K. Srivastava, J.L. Zyskind, J.W. Sulhoff, J.D. Evankow jr., M.A. Mills, "Room temperature spectral hole burning in erbium-doped fiber amplifiers ", OFC 96, OSA Technical Digest Series 2 (Optical Society of America, Washington DC, 1996) 33-34. [CrossRef]
  17. H. G. Winful, "Self-induced polarization changes in birefringent optical fiber ", Appl. Phys. Lett. 47, 213-215 (1985); H.G. Winful, "Polarization instabilities in birefringent nonlinear media: application to fiber-optic devices ", Opt. Lett. 11, 33-35 (1986). [CrossRef]
  18. S. G. Evangelides jr., L.F. Mollenauer, J.P. Gordon and N.S. Bergano, "Polarization multiplexing with solitons", J. Lightwave Tech. 10, 28-35 (1992). [CrossRef]
  19. N. N. Akhmediev, A.V. Buryak, J.M. Soto-Crespo and D.R. Andersen, "Phase-locked stationary soliton states in birefringent nonlinear optical fibers", J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 12, 434-439 (1995). [CrossRef]
  20. Y. Barad and Y. Silberberg, "Polarization Evolution and Polarization Instability of Solitons in a Birefringent Optical Fiber", Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 3290-3293 (1997). [CrossRef]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited