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Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: J. H. Eberly
  • Vol. 1, Iss. 13 — Dec. 22, 1997
  • pp: 441–453

Diffuse backscattering Mueller matrices of highly scattering media

Andreas H. Hielscher, Angelia A. Eick, Judith R. Mourant, Dan Shen, James P. Freyer, and Irving J. Bigio  »View Author Affiliations

Optics Express, Vol. 1, Issue 13, pp. 441-453 (1997)

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We report on the development of a method that records spatially dependent intensity patterns of polarized light that is diffusely backscattered from highly scattering media. It is demonstrated that these intensity patterns can be used to differentiate turbid media, such as polystyrene-sphere and biological-cell suspensions. Our technique employs polarized light from a He-Ne laser (λ = 543 nm), which is focused onto the surface of the scattering medium. A surface area of approximately 4x4 cm centered on the light input point is imaged through polarization-analysis optics onto a CCD camera. One can observe a large variety of intensity patterns by varying the polarization state of the incident laser light and changing the analyzer configuration to detect different polarization components of the backscattered light. Introducing the Mueller-matrix concept for diffusely backscattered light, a framework is provided to select a subset of measurements that comprehensively describe the optical properties of backscattering media.

© Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(170.1530) Medical optics and biotechnology : Cell analysis
(170.5280) Medical optics and biotechnology : Photon migration
(290.0290) Scattering : Scattering
(290.1350) Scattering : Backscattering
(290.4210) Scattering : Multiple scattering
(290.7050) Scattering : Turbid media

ToC Category:
Focus Issue: Biomedical optics

Original Manuscript: October 8, 1997
Revised Manuscript: October 8, 1997
Published: December 22, 1997

Andreas Hielscher, Angela Eick, Judith Mourant, Dan Shen, James Freyer, and Irving Bigio, "Diffuse backscattering Mueller matricesof highly scattering media," Opt. Express 1, 441-453 (1997)

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