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Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: Michael Duncan
  • Vol. 10, Iss. 13 — Jul. 1, 2002
  • pp: 540–549

Design of hybrid micro-diffractive-refractive optical element with wide field of view for free space optical interconnections

Yongqi Fu and Ngoi Kok Ann Bryan  »View Author Affiliations

Optics Express, Vol. 10, Issue 13, pp. 540-549 (2002)

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A new design is presented to achieve a hybrid micro-diffractive-refractive lens with wide field of view (WFOV) of 80° integrated on backside of InGaAs / InP photodetector for free space optical interconnections. It has an apparent advantage of athermalization of optical system which working in large variation of ambient temperature ranging from -20 °C to 70 °C. The changing of focal length is only 0.504 μm in the ambient temperature range with the hybrid microlens, which opto-thermal expansion coefficient matches with thermal expansion coefficient of AuSn solder bump used in corresponding flip-chip packaging system. The hybrid lens was designed via CODE-VTM professional software. The results show that the lens has good optical performance for the optical interconnection use.

© 2002 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(050.1970) Diffraction and gratings : Diffractive optics
(220.1000) Optical design and fabrication : Aberration compensation

ToC Category:
Research Papers

Original Manuscript: May 14, 2002
Revised Manuscript: June 20, 2002
Published: July 1, 2002

Yongqi Fu and Ngoi Bryan, "Design of hybrid micro-diffractive-refractive optical element with wide field of view for free space optical interconnections," Opt. Express 10, 540-549 (2002)

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  1. C. Wang, Y.C. Chan, L.P. Zhao and N. Li, �??Design of diffractive optical elements array with wide field of view for integration with photodetectors,�?? Opt. Commun. 195, 63-70 (2001). [CrossRef]
  2. Yongqi Fu, Kok Ann Bryan, "Investigation of micro- diffractive lens with continuous relief with vertical-cavity surface emitting lasers using focused ion beam direct milling," IEEE Photon. Techn. Lett. 13, 424-426 (2001). [CrossRef]
  3. Yongqi Fu, Ngoi Kok Ann Bryan, "Hybrid micro-diffractive-refractive optical element with continuous relief fabricated by focused ion beam for single-mode coupling," Appl. Opt. 40, 5872-5876, (2001). [CrossRef]
  4. M.B. Stern, Hybrid (refractive/diffractive) Optics, in: H.P. Herzing (Ed.), Micro-optics: Elements, Systems and Applications, (Taloyer & Francise, London, 1997) pp. 259-292.
  5. <a href="http://www.ioffe.rssi.ru/SVA/NSM/Semicond/InP/optic.html">http://www.ioffe.rssi.ru/SVA/NSM/Semicond/InP/optic.html</a>
  6. Carmina Londono, William T. Plummer, and Peter P. Clark, �??Athermalization of a single-component lens with diffractive optics,�?? Appl. Opt. 32, 2295-2302 (1993). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. CODE-VTM is professional software of optical design, a product of Optical Research Associates (ORA), <a href="http://www.opticalres.com/macros/macroindex.html">http://www.opticalres.com/macros/macroindex.html</a>
  8. Xuezhe Zheng, Philippe J. Marchand, Dawei Huang, Osman Kibar, Nur S. E. Ozkan, �??Optomechanical design and characterization of a printed-circuit-board free-space optical interconnect package,�?? Appl. Opt. 38, 5631-5639 (1999). [CrossRef]

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