OSA's Digital Library

Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: Michael Duncan
  • Vol. 10, Iss. 13 — Jul. 1, 2002
  • pp: 566–574

New technique for degenerate two-photon absorption spectral measurements using femtosecond continuum generation

Guang S. He, Tzu-Chau Lin, Paras N. Prasad, Ramamurthi Kannan, Richard A. Vaia, and Loon-Seng Tan  »View Author Affiliations


Optics Express, Vol. 10, Issue 13, pp. 566-574 (2002)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/OE.10.000566


View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (138 KB)





Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


   


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

Share
Citations

Abstract

We present a new technique for direct measurements of degenerate two-photon absorption (TPA) spectra of two-photon absorbing materials including non-fluorescent samples. This technique is based on the use of an intense single continuum-generation beam as the coherent white-light source with specially flattened spectral distribution. The different spectral components of the continuum beam are spatially dispersed and then passed through the sample material along different pathways so that nondegenerate TPA processes among different input spectral components can be avoided. By comparing the input and transmitted continuum spectral distributions, the TPA spectrum for a given sample can be obtained. As an example, the continuous TPA spectrum (from 550 to 1000 nm) is measured for a novel two-photon-absorbing compound (AF-389) which exhibits an extremely high TPA cross-section value of ~1×10-20 cm4/GW, or ~249 GM, around ~800-nm spectral range in femtosecond regime.

© 2002 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(120.6200) Instrumentation, measurement, and metrology : Spectrometers and spectroscopic instrumentation
(190.4180) Nonlinear optics : Multiphoton processes
(300.6530) Spectroscopy : Spectroscopy, ultrafast

ToC Category:
Research Papers

History
Original Manuscript: May 17, 2002
Revised Manuscript: June 17, 2002
Published: July 1, 2002

Citation
Guang He, Tzu-Chau Lin, Paras Prasad, Ramamurthi Kannan, Ricahrd Vaia, and Loon-Seng Tan, "New technique for degenerate two-photon absorption spectral measurements using femtosecond continuum generation," Opt. Express 10, 566-574 (2002)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-10-13-566


Sort:  Journal  |  Reset  

References

  1. B. A. Reinhardt, L. L. Brott, S. J. Clarson, A. G. Dillard, J. C. Bhatt, R. Kannan, L. Yuan, G. S. He, and P. N. Prasad, �??Highly active two-photon dyes: design, synthesis, and characterization toward application,�?? Chem. Mater. 10, 1863 (1998). [CrossRef]
  2. M. Albota, D. Beljonne, J.-L. Bredas, J. E. Ehrlich, J.-Y. Fu, A. A. Heikal, S. E. Hess, T. Kogej, M. D. Levin, S. R. Marder, D. McCord-Maughon, J. W. Perry, H. Röckel, M. Rumi, G. Subramaniam, W. W. Webb, X.-L. Wu, and C. Xu, �??Design of organic molecules with large two-photon absorption cross sections,�?? Science, 281, 1653 (1998). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. K. D. Belfield, D. J. Hagan, E. W. Van Stryland, K. J. Schafer, and R. A. Negres, �??New Two-Photon Absorbing Fluorene Derivatives: Synthesis and Nonlinear Optical Characterization,�?? Org. Lett. 1, 1575 (1999). [CrossRef]
  4. S. J. Chung, K.-S. Kim, T.-C. Lin, G. S. He, J. Swiatkiewicz, and P. N. Prasad, �??Cooperative Enhancement of Two-Photon Absorption in Multi-branched Structures,�?? J. Phys. Chem. B 103, 10741 (1999). [CrossRef]
  5. O.-K. Kim, K.-S. Lee, H. Y. Woo, K.-S. Kim, G. S. He, J. Swiatkiewicz, and P. N. Prasad, �??New class of twophoton-absorbing chromophores based on dithienothiophene,�?? Chem. Mater. 12, 284 (2000). [CrossRef]
  6. A. Adronov, J. M. J. Fréchet, G. S. He, K.-S. Kim, S.-J. Chung, J. Swiatkiewicz, and P. N. Prasad, �??Novel twophoton absorbing dendritic structures,�?? Chem. Mater. 12, 2838 (2000). [CrossRef]
  7. M. Rumi, J. E. Ehrlich, A. A. Heikal, J. W. Perry, S. Barlow, Z. Hu, D. McCord-Maughon, T. C. Parker, H. Röckel, S. Thayumanavan, S. R. Marder, D. Beljonne, and J.-L. Brédas, �??Structure-Property Relationship for Two-Photon Absorbing Chromophores: Bis-Donor Diphenylpolyene and Bis(styryl)benzene Derivatives,�?? J. Am. Chem. Soc. 122, 9500 (2000). [CrossRef]
  8. G. S. He, J. Swiatkiewicz, Y. Jiang, P. N. Prasad, B. A. Reinhardt, L.-S. Tan, and R. Kannan, �??Two-photon excitation and optical spatial-profile reshaping via a nonlinear absorbing medium,�?? J. Phys. Chem A, 104, 4805 (2000). [CrossRef]
  9. R. Kannan, G. S. He, L. Yuan, F. Xu, P. N. Prasad, A. G. Dombroskie, B. A. Reinhardt, J. W. Baur, R. A. Vaia, and L.-S. Tan, �??Diphenylaminofluorene-based Two-Photon-Absorbing Chromophores with Various p-Electron Acceptors,�?? Chem. Mater. 13, 1896-1905(2001). [CrossRef]
  10. M. Drobizhev, A. Karotki, A. Rebane, and C. W. Spangler, �??Dendrimer molecules with record large two-photon absorption cross section,�?? Opt. Lett. 26, 1081-1083(2001). [CrossRef]
  11. P. A. Gass, I. Abram, R. Raj, and M. Schott, �??Highly sensitive optical measurement techniques based on acoustooptic devices,�?? J. Chem. Phys. 100, 88 (1994). [CrossRef]
  12. M. Cha, W. E. Torruellas, G. I. Stegeman, W. H. G. Horsthuis, G. R. Möhlmann, and J. Meth, �??Two photon absorption of di-alkyl-amino-nitro-stilbene side chain polymer,�?? Appl. Phys. Lett. 65, 2648 (1994). [CrossRef]
  13. G. P. Banfi, D. Fortusini, P.Dainesi, D. Grando, and S. Sottini, �??Two-photon absorption spectrum of 3-butoxycarbonylmethylurethane polydiacetylene thin films,�?? J. Chem. Phys. 108, 4319 (1998). [CrossRef]
  14. G. A. Bickel and K. K. Innes, �??Two-photon spectra of the S1-S0 transition in glyoxal,�?? J Chem. Phys. 86, 1752 (1987). [CrossRef]
  15. A. Fischer, C. Cremer, and E. H. K. Stelzer, �??Florescence of coumarins and xanthenes after two-photon absorption with a pulsed titanium-sapphire laser,�?? Appl. Opt. 34, 1989 (1995). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  16. C. Xu and W. W. Webb, �??Measurement of two-photon excitation cross sections of molecular fluorophores with data from 690 to 1050 nm,�?? J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 13, 481 (1996). [CrossRef]
  17. R. R. Alfano and S. L. Shapiro, �??Emission in the region 4000 to 7000 �? via four-photon coupling in glass,�?? Phys. Rev. Lett. 24, 584 (1970); [CrossRef]
  18. R. R. Alfano, Ed., The Supercontinuum Laser Sources (Springer-Verlag, New York, 1989).
  19. G. E. Busch, R. P. Jones, and P. M. Rentzepis, �??Picosecond spectroscopy using a picosecond continuum,�?? Chem. Phys. Lett. 18, 178 (1973). [CrossRef]
  20. R. A. Negres, E. W. Van Stryland, D. J. Hagan, K. D. Belfield, K. J. Schafer, O. V. Przhonska, and B. A. Reinhardt, �??Nonlinear spectrometer for characterization of organic and polymeric molecules,�?? Proc. SPIE �?? Int. Soc. Opt. Eng. 3796, 88 (1999).
  21. R. A. Negres, J. M. Hales, A. Kobyakov, D. J. Hagan, and E. W. Van Stryland, �??Two-phton spectroscopy and analysis with a white-light continuum generation,�?? Opt. Lett. 27, 270(2002). [CrossRef]
  22. G. S. He, G. C. Xu, Y. Cui, and P. N. Prasad, �??Difference of spectral superbroading behavior in Kerr-type and non-Kerr-type liquids pumped with ultrashort laser pulses,�?? Appl. Opt. 32, 4507 (1993). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  23. L. W. Tutt and T. F. Boggess, �??A review of optical limiting mechanism and devicesusing organics, fullerenes, semiconductors, and other materials,�?? Prog. Quant. Electron. 17, 299 (1993). [CrossRef]
  24. G. S. He, G. C. Xu, P. N. Prasad, B. A. Reinhardt, J. C. Bhatt, R. Mckellar, and A. G. Dillard, �??Two-photon absorption and optical-limiting properties of novel organic compounds,�?? Opt. Lett. 20, 435 (1995). [CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

Figures

Fig. 1. Fig. 2. Fig. 3.
 
Fig. 4.
 

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited