OSA's Digital Library

Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: Michael Duncan
  • Vol. 10, Iss. 15 — Jul. 29, 2002
  • pp: 639–644

Photoinduced refractive index change in As2Se3 by 633nm illumination

A. C. van Popta, R. G. DeCorby, C. J. Haugen, T. Robinson, J. N. McMullin, D. Tonchev, and S. O. Kasap  »View Author Affiliations


Optics Express, Vol. 10, Issue 15, pp. 639-644 (2002)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/OE.10.000639


View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (110 KB)





Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


   


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

Share
Citations

Abstract

Photodarkening of amorphous As2Se3 thin films was generated by a 633-nm HeNe laser. The refractive index and absorption coefficient of the chalcogenide glass was determined, both before and after exposure, by analyzing the material’s transmission spectrum. In order to accurately determine the optical constants, the thin film’s non-uniform thickness was accounted for. The increase in the refractive index and the coefficient of absorption was investigated and was found to demonstrate saturation with increased exposure time. Index changes as high as 0.05, or 2%, were obtained in As2Se3, a promising glass for all-optical switching.

© 2002 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(120.5710) Instrumentation, measurement, and metrology : Refraction
(120.7000) Instrumentation, measurement, and metrology : Transmission
(160.2750) Materials : Glass and other amorphous materials
(300.1030) Spectroscopy : Absorption
(310.6870) Thin films : Thin films, other properties

ToC Category:
Research Papers

History
Original Manuscript: June 19, 2002
Revised Manuscript: July 11, 2002
Published: July 29, 2002

Citation
A. van Popta, R. DeCorby, C. Haugen, T. Robinson, J. McMullin, D. Tonchev, and S. Kasap, "Photoinduced refractive index change in As2Se3 by 633nm illumination," Opt. Express 10, 639-644 (2002)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-10-15-639


Sort:  Journal  |  Reset  

References

  1. J. A. Savage, "Optical properties of chalcogenide glasses," J. Non-Cryst. Solids 47, 101-116 (1982). [CrossRef]
  2. K. Petkov, P. J. S. Ewen, "Photoinduced changes in the linear and non-linear optical properties of chalcogenide glasses," J. Non-Cryst. Solids 249, 150-159 (1999). [CrossRef]
  3. J. M. Harbold, F. O. Ilday, F. W. Wise, J. S. Sanghera, V. Q. Nguyen, L. B. Shaw, and I. D. Aggarwal, "Highly nonlinear As-S-Se glasses for all-optical switching," Opt. Lett. 27, 119-121 (2002). [CrossRef]
  4. M. Asobe, H. Kobayashi, and H. Itoh, "Laser-diode-driven ultrafast all-optical switching by using highly nonlinear chalcogenide glass fiber," Opt. Lett. 18, 1056-1058 (1993). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. A. V. Kolobov and K. Tanaka, "Photoinduced phenomena in amorphous chalcogenides: from phenomenology to nanoscale" in Handbook of advanced electronic and photonic materials and devices, volume 5: chalcogenide glasses and sol-gel materials, H. S. Nalwa, ed. (Academic Press, SanDiego, 2001).
  6. O. Nordman, N. Nordman, and N. Peyghambarian, "Electron beam induced changes in the refractive index and thin film thickness of amorphous AsxS100-x and AsxSe100-x films," J. Appl. Phys. 84, 6055-6058 (1998). [CrossRef]
  7. H. Hisakuni and K. Tanaka, "Giant photoexpansion in As2S3 glass," Appl. Phys. Lett. 65, 2925-2927 (1994). [CrossRef]
  8. S. Ramachandran, J. C. Pepper, D. J. Brady, and S. G. Bishop, "Micro-optical lenslets by photo-expansion in chalcogenide glasses," J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 1371-1377 (1997). [CrossRef]
  9. J. P. De Neufville, S. C. Moss, and S. R. Ovshinsky, "Photostructural transformations in amorphous As2Se3 and As2S3 films," J. Non-Cryst. Solids 13, 191-223 (1973/74). [CrossRef]
  10. J. C. Manifacier, J. Gasiot, and J. P. Fillard, "A simple method for the determination of the optical constants n, k and the thickness of a weakly absorbing thin film," J. Phys. E: Sci. Instrum. 9, 1002-1004 (1976). [CrossRef]
  11. R. Swanepoel, "Determination of the thickness and optical constants of amorphous silicon," J. Phys. E: Sci. Instrum. 16, 1214-1222 (1983). [CrossRef]
  12. M. Hammam, M. Abdel Harith, andW. H. Osman, "Optical constants of thermally evaporated arsenic triselenide using only transmission spectrum," Solid State Commun. 59, 271-274 (1986). [CrossRef]
  13. R. Swanepoel, "Determination of surface roughness and optical constants of inhomogeneous amorphous silicon films," J. Phys. E: Sci. Instrum. 17, 896-903 (1984). [CrossRef]
  14. J. B. Ramirez-Malo, E. Marquez, C. Corrales, P. Villares and R. Jimenez-Garay, "Optical characterization of As2S3 and As2Se3 semiconducting glass films of non-uniform thickness from transmission measurements," Mat. Sci. Eng. B-Solid 25, 53-59 (1994). [CrossRef]
  15. E. Marquez, J. B. Ramirez-Malo, P. Villares, R. Jimenez-Garay, and R Swanepoel, "Optical characterization of wedge-shaped thin films of amorphous arsenic trisulphide based only on their shrunk transmission spectra," Thin Solid Films 254, 83-91 (1995). [CrossRef]
  16. M.N. Inci, M.A. Yaradanakul, G. Gülsen, and G. Aktas, "Characterization of the optical constants of As2Se3 thin films using a fiber optic technique," Infrared Phys. Technol. 38, 227-232 (1997) [CrossRef]
  17. A. Saliminia, A. Villeneuve, T. V. Galstyan, S. LaRochelle, and K. Richardson, "First- and second-order Bragg gratings in single-mode planar waveguides of chalcogenide glasses," J. Lightwave Technol. 17, 837-842 (1999). [CrossRef]
  18. C. Corrales, J. B. Ramirez-Malo, J. Fernandez-Pena, P. Villares, R. Swanepoel, and E. Marquez, "Determining the refractive index and average thickness of AsSe semiconducting glass films from wavelength measurements only," Appl. Opt. 34, 7907-7913 (1995). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  19. A. E. Owen, "Semiconducting glasses part II: properties and interpretation," Contemp. Phys. 11, 257-286 (1970). [CrossRef]
  20. A. Ganjoo, K. Shimakawa, "Transient and metastable photodarkening in amorphous chalcogenides," J. Optoelectron. Adv. M. 3, 221-226 (2001).
  21. T. G. Robinson, R. G. DeCorby, C. J. Haugen, J. N. McMullin, S. Bian, S. O. Kasap, and D. Tonchev, "Photoinduce Bragg gratings in amorphous As2Se3 thin films," in Opto-Canada: SPIE Regional Meeting on Optoelectronics, Photonics, and Imaging, SPIE TD01, 126-128 (2002).

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.


Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited