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Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: Michael Duncan
  • Vol. 10, Iss. 26 — Dec. 30, 2002
  • pp: 1534–1541

Tunable birefringent filters — optimal iterative design

Gal Shabtay, Eran Eidinger, Zeev Zalevsky, David Mendlovic, and Emanuel Marom  »View Author Affiliations


Optics Express, Vol. 10, Issue 26, pp. 1534-1541 (2002)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/OE.10.001534


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Abstract

More than 50 years ago, B. Lyot and later on I. Solc introduced new types of optical filters called birefringent filters. Such filters take advantage of the phase shifts between orthogonal polarization to obtain narrow band filters. It requires birefringent wave plates for introducing phase retardation between the two orthogonal components of a linearly polarized light that correspond to the fast and slow axes of the birefringent material. In this paper we present new methods and architectures that generalize the Lyot-Ohman and Solc filters for optimally synthesizing an arbitrary all-optical filter by defining an error metric and minimizing it with simulated annealing. We also suggest the use of the electro-optic effect for controlling the retardation of individual elements that make up the tunable filter. Such a filter could be used for instance for realizing a dynamically tunable optical add/drop multiplexer in a telecommunication system.

© 2002 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(060.1810) Fiber optics and optical communications : Buffers, couplers, routers, switches, and multiplexers
(060.2340) Fiber optics and optical communications : Fiber optics components

ToC Category:
Research Papers

History
Original Manuscript: November 7, 2002
Revised Manuscript: December 13, 2002
Published: December 30, 2002

Citation
Gal Shabtay, Eran Eidinger, Zeev Zalevsky, David Mendlovic, and Emanuel Marom, "Tunable birefringent filters - optimal iterative design," Opt. Express 10, 1534-1541 (2002)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-10-26-1534


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References

  1. B. Lyot, �??Optical apparatus with wide field using interference of polarized light,�?? C.R. Acad. Sci. (Paris) 197, 1593 (1933).
  2. B. Lyot, �??Filter monochromatique polarisant et ses applications en physique solaire,�?? Ann. Astrophys. 7, 32 (1944).
  3. Y. Ohman, �??A new monochromator,�?? Nature 41, 157, 291 (1938).
  4. Y. Ohman, �??On some new birefringent filter for solar research,�?? Ark. Astron. 2, 165 (1958).
  5. J. M. Beckers, L. Dickson and R. S. Joyce, �??Observing the sun with a fully tunable Lyot-Ohman filter,�?? Appl. Opt. 14, 2061 (1975). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. I. Solc, Ceskoslov. Casopis pro Fysiku 3, 366 (1953); Csek. Cas. Fys. 4, 607, 699 (1954); 5, 114 (1955).
  7. I. Solc, �??Birefringent chain filters,�?? J. Opt. Soc. Am. 55, 621 (1965). [CrossRef]
  8. P. Yeh, A. Yariv, and C. S. Hong, �??Electromagnetic propagation in periodic stratified media. I. General theory,�?? J. Opt. Soc. Am. 67, 423 (1977). [CrossRef]
  9. S. Kirkpatrick, Gelatt, C.D., and Vecchi, M.P., �??Optimization by simulated annealing,�?? Science 220, 671 (1983). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. S. Kirkpatrick, �??Optimization by simulated annealing: quantitive studies,�?? J. Statistical Phys. 34, 975 (1984). [CrossRef]

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