OSA's Digital Library

Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: Michael Duncan
  • Vol. 10, Iss. 7 — Apr. 8, 2002
  • pp: 324–331

Focus shaping using cylindrical vector beams

Qiwen Zhan and James R. Leger  »View Author Affiliations

Optics Express, Vol. 10, Issue 7, pp. 324-331 (2002)

View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (229 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools



We report a focus shaping technique using generalized cylindrical vector beams. A generalized cylindrical vector beam can be decomposed into radially polarized and azimuthally polarized components. Such a generalized cylindrical beam can be generated from a radially polarized or an azimuthally polarized light using a two-half-wave-plate polarization rotator. The intensity pattern at the focus can be tailored by appropriately adjusting the rotation angle. Peak-centered, donut and flattop focal shapes can be obtained using this technique.

© 2002 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(110.2990) Imaging systems : Image formation theory
(140.3300) Lasers and laser optics : Laser beam shaping
(170.4520) Medical optics and biotechnology : Optical confinement and manipulation
(260.5430) Physical optics : Polarization

ToC Category:
Research Papers

Original Manuscript: February 20, 2002
Revised Manuscript: March 27, 2002
Published: April 8, 2002

Qiwen Zhan and James Leger, "Focus shaping using cylindrical vector beams," Opt. Express 10, 324-331 (2002)

Sort:  Journal  |  Reset  


  1. D. Pohl, �Operation of a Ruby laser in the purely transverse electric mode TE01,� Appl. Phys. Lett. 20, 266-267 (1972). [CrossRef]
  2. M. W. Beijersbergen, L. Allen, H. E. L. O. van der Veen and J. P. Woerdman, �Astignmatic laser mode converters and transfer of orbital angular momentum,� Opt. Commun. 96, 123-132 (1993). [CrossRef]
  3. M. W. Beijerbergen, R. P. C. Coerwinkel, M. Kristensen, J. P. Woerdman, �Helical-wavefront laser beam produced with a spiral phaseplate,� Opt. Commun. 112. 321-327 (1994). [CrossRef]
  4. M. Stalder and M. Schadt, �Linearly polarized light with axial symmetry generated by liquid-crystal polarization converters,� Opt. Lett. 21, 1948-1950 (1996). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. R. Oron, N. Davidson, A. A. Friesem and E. Hasman, �Efficient formation of pure helical laser beams,� Opt. Commun. 182, 205-208 (2000). [CrossRef]
  6. R. Oron, S. Blit, N. Davidson, A. A. Friesem, Z. Bomzon and E. Hasman, �The formation of laser beams with pure azimuthal or radial polarization,� Appl. Phys. Lett. 77, 3322-3324 (2000). [CrossRef]
  7. K. Schuster, �Radial polarization-rotating optical arrangement and microlithographic projection exposure system incorporating said arrangement,� US patent 6191880 B1 (2001).
  8. L. E. Helseth, �Roles of polarization, phase and amplitude in solid immersion lens system,� Opt. Commun. 191, 161-172 (2001). [CrossRef]
  9. S. Quabis, R. Dorn, M. Eberler, O. Gl�ckl and G. Leuchs, �The focus of light- theoretical calculation and experimental tomographic reconstruction,� Appl. Phys. B 72, 109-113 (2001). [CrossRef]
  10. S. Quabis, R. Dorn, M. Eberler, O. Gl�ckl and G. Leuchs, �Focusing light into a tighter spot,� Opt. Commun. 179, 1-7 (2000). [CrossRef]
  11. K. S. Youngworth and T. G. Brown, �Focusing of high numerical aperture cylindrical vector beams,� Opt. Express 7, 77-87 (2000), <a href="http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-7-2-77">http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-7-2-77</a>. [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. D. P. Biss and T. G. brown, �Cylindrical vector beam focusing through a dielectric interface,� Opt. Express 9, 490-497 (2001), <a href="http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-9-10-490">http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-9-10-490</a>. [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. H. Kano, S. Mizuguchi and S. Kawata, �Excitation of surface-plasmon polaritons by a focused laser beam,� J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 15, 1381-1386 (1998). [CrossRef]
  14. H. He, M. E. J. Friese, N. R. Heckenberg and H. Rubinsztein-Dunlop, �Direct observation of transfer of angular momentum to absorptive particle from a laser beam with a phase singularity,� Phys. Rev. Lett. 75, 826-829 (1995). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  15. J. Courtial, D. A. Robertson, K. Dholakia, L. Allen and M. J. Padgett, �Rotational frequency shift of a light beam,� Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 4828-4830 (1998). [CrossRef]
  16. B. Hafizi, E. Esarey and P. Sprangle, �Laser-driven acceleration with Bessel beams,� Phys. Rev. E 55, 3539-3545 (1997). [CrossRef]
  17. T. Kuga, Y. Torii, N. Shiokawa, T. Hirano, Y. Shimizu and H. Sasada, �Novel optical trap of atoms with a doughnut beam,� Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 4713-4716 (1997). [CrossRef]
  18. S. Sato, Y. Harada and Y. Waseda, �Optical trapping of microscopic metal particles,� Opt. Lett. 19, 1807-1809 (1994). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  19. V. G. Niziev and A. V. Nesterov, �Influence of beam polarization on laser cutting efficiency,� J. Phys. D 32, 1455-1461 (1999). [CrossRef]
  20. Qiwen Zhan and James R. Leger, �Microellipsometer with radial symmetry,� submitted to Appl. Opt.
  21. E. Wolf, �Electromagnetic diffraction in optical systems I. An integral representation of the image field,� Proc. R. Soc. Ser. A 253, pp. 349-357 (1959). [CrossRef]
  22. B. Richards and E. Wolf, �Electromagnetic diffraction in optical systems II. Structure of the image field in an aplanatic system,� Proc. R. Soc. London Ser. A 253, 358-379 (1959). [CrossRef]
  23. Min Gu (editor), Advanced optical imaging theory, 75 (Springer-Verlag, New York, 1999
  24. Y. Harada, T. Asakura, �Radiation forces on a dielectric sphere in the Rayleigh scattering regime,� Opt. Commun. 124, 529-541 (1996).

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited