OSA's Digital Library

Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: Michael Duncan
  • Vol. 11, Iss. 10 — May. 19, 2003
  • pp: 1212–1222

Visualization of optical deflection and switching operations by a domain-engineered-based LiNbO3 electro-optic device

Giuseppe Coppola, Pietro Ferraro, Mario Iodice, Sergio De Nicola, Simonetta Grilli, Davide Mazzotti, and Paolo De Natale  »View Author Affiliations


Optics Express, Vol. 11, Issue 10, pp. 1212-1222 (2003)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/OE.11.001212


View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (381 KB)





Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


   


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

Share
Citations

Abstract

An electro-optic device applied as an optical beam deflector and switch at different wavelengths has been built and tested. The electro-optic device is based on domain-engineered lithium niobate (LiNbO3). In this paper, for the first time, its operation has been visualized by an imaging camera. The device has been characterized both at the visible wavelength (632.8 nm) and at a typical telecom wavelength (1532 nm). Furthermore, the device has been tested as an amplitude modulator in the mid-infrared region as well, at a wavelength of ~4.3 µm, where no Pockels cells are available. A detailed description of this device is given, and the experimental results are discussed.

© 2003 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(160.3730) Materials : Lithium niobate
(230.0040) Optical devices : Detectors
(230.2090) Optical devices : Electro-optical devices
(230.6120) Optical devices : Spatial light modulators

ToC Category:
Research Papers

History
Original Manuscript: February 14, 2003
Revised Manuscript: April 29, 2003
Published: May 19, 2003

Citation
Giuseppe Coppola, Pietro Ferraro, Mario Iodice, Sergio De Nicola, Simonetta Grilli, Davide Mazzotti, and Paolo De Natale, "Visualization of optical deflection and switching operations by a domain engineered-based LiNbO3 electro-optic device," Opt. Express 11, 1212-1222 (2003)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-11-10-1212


Sort:  Journal  |  Reset  

References

  1. Y. Chiu, V. Gopalan, M. J. Kawas, T. E. Schlesinger, D. D. Stancil, and W. P. Risk, �??Integrated optical device with second-harmonic generator, electrooptic lens, and electrooptic scanner in LiTaO3,�?? J. Lightwave Technol. 17, 462-465 (1999). [CrossRef]
  2. K. T. Gahagan, V. Gopalan, J. M. Robinson, Q. X. Jia, T. E. Mitchell, M. J. Kawas, T. E. Schlesinger, and D. D. Stancil, �??Integrated electro-optic lens/scanner in a LiTaO3 single crystal,�?? Appl. Opt. 38, 1186-1190 (1999). [CrossRef]
  3. M. Yamada and M. Saitoh, �??Electric-field induced cylindrical lens, switching and deflection devices composed of the inverted domains in LiNbO3 crystal,�?? Appl. Phys. Lett. 69, 3659-3661 (1996). [CrossRef]
  4. H. Gnewuch, C. N. Pannell, G. W. Ross, P. G. R. Smith, and H. Geiger, �??Nanosecond response of Bragg deflectors in periodically poled LiNbO3,�?? Phot. Technol. Lett. 10, 1730-1732, (1998). [CrossRef]
  5. A. J. Boyland, S. Mailis, J. M. Hendricks, P. G. R. Smith, and R. W. Eason, �??Electro-optically controlled beam switching via total internal reflection at a domain-engineered interface in LiNbO3,�?? Opt. Commun. 197, 193-200 (2001). [CrossRef]
  6. R. W. Eason, A. J. Boyland, S. Mailis, and P. G. R. Smith, �??Electro-optically controlled beam deflection for grazing incidence geometry on a domain-engineered interface in LiNb O3,�?? Opt. Commun. 197, 201-207 (2001). [CrossRef]
  7. M. Yamada, N. Nada, M. Saitoh, and K. Watanabe, �??First-order quasi-phase matched LiNbO3 waveguide periodically poled by applying an external field for efficient blue second-harmonic generation,�?? Appl. Phys. Lett. 62, 435-436 (1993). [CrossRef]
  8. J. Webjörn, V. Pruneri, P. St. J. Russell, J. R. M. Barr, and D. C. Hanna, �??Quasi-phase-matched blue light generation in bulk lithium niobate, electrically poled via periodic liquid electrodes,�?? Electron. Lett. 30, 894- 895 (1994). [CrossRef]
  9. V. Pruneri, J. Webjörn, P. St. J. Russell, J. R. M. Barr, and D. C. Hanna, �??Intracavity second harmonic generation of 0.532µm in bulk periodically poled lithium niobate,�?? Opt. Commun. 116, 159-162 (1995). [CrossRef]
  10. G. D. Miller, R. G. Batchko, M. M. Fejer, and R .L. Byer, �??Visible quasi-phase-matched harmonic generation by electric-field-poled lithium Niobate,�?? SPIE 2700, 34-36 (1996). [CrossRef]
  11. S. Grilli, S. De Nicola, P. Ferraro, A. Finizio, P. De Natale, M. Iodice, and G. Pierattini, �??Investigation on overpoled lithium niobate patterned crystal,�?? in ICO XIX, 19th Congress of the International Commission for Optics , Technical Digest, Italy, 25-31 August 2002, Part 2, pp. 735-736
  12. S. Grilli, S. De Nicola, P. Ferraro, A. Finizio, P. De Natale, G. Pierattini, and M. Chiarini, �??Investigation on poling of lithium niobate patterned by interference lithography,�?? in Integrated Optical Devices: Fabrication and Testing, Proc. SPIE 4944 (2002).
  13. A. M. Prokhorov and Y. S. Kuzminov, Physics and Chemistry of Crystalline Lithium Niobate (Hilger, Bristol, UK, 1990).
  14. D. Mazzotti, P. De Natale, G. Giusfredi, C. Fort, J. A. Mitchell, and L. W. Hollberg, �??Difference-frequency generation in PPLN at 4.25 µm: an analysis of sensitivity limits for DFG spectrometers,�?? Appl. Phys. B 70, 747-750 (2000). [CrossRef]
  15. D. Mazzotti, S. Borri, P. Cancio, G. Giusfredi, and P. De Natale, �??Low-power Lamb-dip spectroscopy of very weak CO2 transitions near 4.25 µm,�?? Opt. Lett. 27, 1256-1258 (2002). [CrossRef]
  16. M. Reich, F. Korte, C. Fallnich, H. Welling, and A. Tunnermann �??Electrode geometries for periodic poling of ferroelectric materials,�?? Opt. Lett. 23, 1817-1819 (1998). [CrossRef]
  17. I. E. Barry, G. W. Ross, P. G. R. Smith, and R. W. Eason, �??Ridge waveguides in lithium niobate fabricated by differential etching following spatially selective domain inversion,�?? Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 1487-1488 (1999). [CrossRef]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

Supplementary Material


» Media 1: AVI (262 KB)     
» Media 2: AVI (235 KB)     

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited