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Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: Michael Duncan
  • Vol. 11, Iss. 15 — Jul. 28, 2003
  • pp: 1757–1762

Efficient propagation of TM polarized light in photonic crystal components exhibiting band gaps for TE polarized light

P. I. Borel, L. H. Frandsen, M. Thorhauge, A. Harpøth, Y. X. Zhuang, M. Kristensen, and H. M. H. Chong  »View Author Affiliations


Optics Express, Vol. 11, Issue 15, pp. 1757-1762 (2003)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/OE.11.001757


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Abstract

We have investigated the properties of TM polarized light in planar photonic crystal waveguide structures, which exhibit photonic band gaps for TE polarized light. Straight and bent photonic crystal waveguides and couplers have been fabricated in silicon-on-insulator material and modelled using a 3D finite-difference-time-domain method. The simulated spectra are in excellent agreement with the experimental results, which show a propagation loss as low as 2.5±4 dB/mm around 1525 nm and bend losses at 2.9±0.2 dB for TM polarized light. We demonstrate a high coupling for TM polarized light in a simple photonic crystal coupler with a size of ~ 20 µm×20 µm. These promising features may open for the realization of ultra-compact photonic crystal omponents, which are easily integrated in optical communication networks.

© 2003 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(130.3120) Integrated optics : Integrated optics devices
(130.3130) Integrated optics : Integrated optics materials
(220.4610) Optical design and fabrication : Optical fabrication
(220.4830) Optical design and fabrication : Systems design
(230.3990) Optical devices : Micro-optical devices
(230.5440) Optical devices : Polarization-selective devices

ToC Category:
Research Papers

History
Original Manuscript: June 20, 2003
Revised Manuscript: July 17, 2003
Published: July 28, 2003

Citation
P. Borel, L. Frandsen, M. Thorhauge, A. Harpøth, Y. Zhuang, M. Kristensen, and H. Chong, "Efficient propagation of TM polarized light in photonic crystal components exhibiting band gaps for TE polarized light," Opt. Express 11, 1757-1762 (2003)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-11-15-1757


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References

  1. J. Arentoft, T. Søndergaard, M. Kristensen, A. Boltasseva, M. Thorhauge and L. Frandsen, �??Low-loss silicon-on-insulator photonic crystal waveguides,�?? Electron. Lett. 38, 274-275 (2002). [CrossRef]
  2. M. Notomi, A. Shinya, K. Yamada, J. Takahashi, C. Takahashi, and I. Yokohama, �??Singlemode transmission within photonic bandgap of width-varied single-line-defect photonic crystal waveguides on SOI substrates,�?? Electron. Lett. 37, 293-295 (2001). [CrossRef]
  3. T. Søndergaard, J. Arentoft, and M. Kristensen,�??Theoretical Analysis of Finite-Height Semiconductor-on- Insulator-Based Planar Photonic Crystal Waveguides,�?? J. Lightwave Technol. 20, 1619-1626 (2002). [CrossRef]
  4. A. J. Ward and J. B. Pendry, �??A program for calculating photonic band structures, Green's functions and transmission/reflection coefficients using a non-orthogonal FDTD method,�?? Comput. Phys. Commun. 128, 590-621 (2000). [CrossRef]
  5. A. Lavrinenko et al., �??Comprehensive FDTD modeling of photonic crystal waveguide components,�?? in preparation (2003).
  6. L. H. Frandsen, P. I. Borel, M. Thorhauge, J. Cheng, M. Kampanis, M. Kristensen, A. Lavrinenko, Y. Zhuang, �??Propagation of TE and TM polarised light through smoothed sixty degree bends in planar photonic crystal waveguides,�?? (accepted for publication in Proceedings of CLEO-Europe 2003)
  7. M. Tokushima and H. Yamada, �??Photonic crystal line defect directional coupler,�?? Electron. Lett. 37, 1454-1455 (2001). [CrossRef]

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