OSA's Digital Library

Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: Michael Duncan
  • Vol. 11, Iss. 15 — Jul. 28, 2003
  • pp: 1799–1808

Analysis of hybrid photonic crystal vertical cavity surface emitting lasers

Haroldo T. Hattori, Xavier Letartre, Christian Seassal, Pedro Rojo-Romeo, Jean L. Leclercq, and Pierre Viktorovitch  »View Author Affiliations

Optics Express, Vol. 11, Issue 15, pp. 1799-1808 (2003)

View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (135 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools



Vertical resonators with a top mirror constituted of 1D photonic crystal membrane on top of a Bragg stack are investigated in this paper. These structures allow the fabrication of compact vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers, which can be designed, in addition, for in-plane emission. With this hybrid approach, fabrication problems related to both classical VCSEL and Photonic Crystal lasers may be significantly relaxed, given that a full Bragg stack is replaced by a single photonic crystal membrane and that the Photonic Crystal is not formed in the active gain layer.

© 2003 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(130.3120) Integrated optics : Integrated optics devices
(140.2020) Lasers and laser optics : Diode lasers

ToC Category:
Research Papers

Original Manuscript: May 27, 2003
Revised Manuscript: July 23, 2003
Published: July 28, 2003

Haroldo Hattori, Xavier Letartre, Christian Seassal, Pedro Rojo-Romeo, Jean Leclercq, and Pierre Viktorovitch, "Analysis of hybrid photonic crystal vertical cavity surface emitting lasers," Opt. Express 11, 1799-1808 (2003)

Sort:  Journal  |  Reset  


  1. E. Yablonovitch, �??Inhibited spontaneous emission in solid-state physics and electronics,�?? Phys. Rev. Lett. 58, 2059-2062 (1987). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. S. John, �??Strong localization of photons in certain disordered dielectric superlattices,�?? Phys. Rev. Lett. 58, 2486-2489 (1987). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. O. Painter, R. K. Lee, A. Scherer, A. Yariv, J. D. O�?? Brien, P. D. Dapkus, and I. Kim, �??Two-dimensional photonic band-gap defect mode laser,�?? Science 284, 1819-1821 (1999). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. C. Monat, C. Seassal, X. Letartre, P. Viktorovitch, P. Regreny, M. Gendry, P. Rojo-Romeo, G. Holinger, E. Jalaguier, S. Pocas, and B. Aspar, �??InP 2D photonic crystal microlasers on silicon wafer: room temperature operation at 1.55 m,�?? Electron. Lett. 37, 764-765 (2001). [CrossRef]
  5. T. Baba, N. Fukaya, J. Yonekura, �??Observation of light propagation in photonic crystal optical waveguides with bends,�?? Electron. Lett. 35, 654-655 (1999). [CrossRef]
  6. S. Fan, P. R. Villeneuve, J. D. Joannopoulos, H. A. Haus, �??Channel drop filters in photonic crystals,�?? Opt. Express 3, 4 (1998), <a href="http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-3-1-4">http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-3-1-4</a>. [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. X. Letartre, J. Mouette, J. L. Leclercq, P. Rojo-Romeo, C. Seassal, P. Viktorovitch, �??Switching devices with spatial and spectral resolution combining photonic crystal and MOEMS structures,�?? J. Light. Technol. (to be published).
  8. V. N. Astratov, I. S. Culshaw, R. M. Stevenson, D. M. Whittaker, M. S. Skolnick, T. F. Krauss, and R. M. De La Rue, �??Resonant coupling of near-infrared radiation to photonic band structure waveguides,�?? J. Light. Technol. 17, 2050-2057 (1999). [CrossRef]
  9. J. M. Pottage, E. Silvestre, and P. St. J. Russell, �??Vertical-cavity surface emitting resonances in photonic crystals,�?? J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 18, 442-447 (2001). [CrossRef]
  10. S. Tibuleac and R. Magnusson, �??Diffractive narrow-band transmission filter based on guided-mode resonance effects in thin-film multilayers,�?? IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 464-466 (1997). [CrossRef]
  11. W. Sooh, M. F. Yannick, O. Solgaard, and S. Fan, �??Displacement sensitive photonic crystal structures based on guided resonance in photonic crystal,�?? Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 1999-2001 (2003). [CrossRef]
  12. C. Manolatou, M. J. Khan, S. Fan, P. R. Villeneuve, H. A. Haus, J. D. Joannopoulos, �??Coupling of modes analysis of resonant channel add-drop filters,�?? IEEE J. Quan. Electron. 35, 1322-1331 (1999). [CrossRef]
  13. A. Yariv, Optical Electronics in Modern Communications (Oxford, New York, NY 1997).
  14. S. G. Johnson, and J. D. Joannopoulos, �??Bloch-iterative frequency domain methods for Maxwell�??s equations in a planewave basis,�?? Opt. Express 8, 173 (2000), <a href="http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-8-3-173">http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-8-3-173</a>. [CrossRef]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited