OSA's Digital Library

Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: Michael Duncan
  • Vol. 11, Iss. 16 — Aug. 11, 2003
  • pp: 1900–1905

Strong resonance and a highly compact long-period grating in a large-mode-area photonic crystal fiber

Yinian Zhu, Ping Shum, Hin-Joo Chong, M. K. Rao, and Chao Lu  »View Author Affiliations

Optics Express, Vol. 11, Issue 16, pp. 1900-1905 (2003)

View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (359 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools



A strong resonance and extremely short length long-period grating (LPG) has been fabricated in a large-mode-area photonic crystal fiber (PCF) by use of a CO2 laser heat source. We believe that such a long-period grating in pure silica PCF is the first example of a point-by-point technique. The fabrication method is simple and repeatable. The resulting LPG has been developed with eight periodic collapses within a 2.8-mm-long period of the fiber, which gives the strong resonance of core-cladding mode coupling. The lowest mode of LP01 is at a 1529.2-nm wavelength with a full width at half-maximum of ~0.7 nm and a resonance strength of -31.5 dB. The principal advantages of this LPG are that (1) it is temperature insensitive and stable, (2) the device is compact when it is packaged, and (3) it provides practical, low-cost all-fiber filters and PCF-based devices for optical fiber communications and sensing systems.

© 2003 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(060.2310) Fiber optics and optical communications : Fiber optics
(230.0230) Optical devices : Optical devices
(230.1480) Optical devices : Bragg reflectors
(230.3990) Optical devices : Micro-optical devices

ToC Category:
Research Papers

Original Manuscript: July 1, 2003
Revised Manuscript: July 31, 2003
Published: August 11, 2003

Yinian Zhu, Ping Shum, Hin-Joo Chong, M. Rao, and Chao Lu, "Strong resonance and a highly compact longperiod grating in a large-mode-area photonic crystal fiber," Opt. Express 11, 1900-1905 (2003)

Sort:  Journal  |  Reset  


  1. J. C. Knight, T. A. Birks, P. St. J. Russell, and D. M. Atkin, �??All-silica single-mode optical fiber with photonic crystal cladding,�?? Opt. Lett. 21, 1547�??1549 (1996). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. R. F. Cregan, B. J. Mangan, J. C. Knight, T. A. Birks, P. St. J. Russell, P. J. Roberts, and D. C. Allan, �??Single-mode photonic bandgap guidance of light in air,�?? Science 285, 1537�??1539 (1999). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. T. A. Birks, J. C. Knight, and P. St. J. Russell, �??Endlessly single-mode photonic crystal fiber,�?? Opt. Lett. 22, 961�??963 (1997). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. J. C. Knight, T. A. Birks, R. F. Cregan, P. St. J. Russell, and J.�??P. de Sandro, �??Large mode area photonic crystal fiber,�?? Electron. Lett. 13, 1347�??1348 (1998). [CrossRef]
  5. T. A. Birks, D. Mogilevstev, J. C. Knight, and P. St. J. Russell, �??Dispersion compensation using singlematerial fibers,�?? IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 674�??676 (1999). [CrossRef]
  6. J. K. Ranka, R. S. Windeler, and A. J. Stentz, �??Optical properties of high-delta air�??silica microstructure optical fiber,�?? Opt. Lett. 25, 796�??798 (2000). [CrossRef]
  7. T. M. Monro, W. Belardi, K. Furusawa, J. C. Bagget, N. G. R. Broderick, and D. J. Richardson, �??Sensing with microstructured optical fibers,�?? Meas. Sci. Technol. 12, 854�??858 (2001). [CrossRef]
  8. R. Holzwarth, M. Zimmermann, T. Udem, T. W. Hansch, P. Russbuldt, K. Gabel, R. Poprawe, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, and P. St. J. Russell, �??White-light frequency comb generation with a diode-pumped Cr:LiSAF laser,�?? Opt. Lett. 26, 1376�??1378 (2001). [CrossRef]
  9. A. M. Vengsarkar, P. J. Lemaire, J. B. Judkins, V. Bhatia, T. Erdogan, and J. E. Sipe, �??Long-period fiber gratings as band-rejection filters,�?? J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 58�??65 (1996). [CrossRef]
  10. C. Y. Lin and L. A. Wang, �??A wavelength- and loss- tunable band-rejection filter based on corrugated longperiod fiber grating,�?? IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 332�??334 (2001). [CrossRef]
  11. A. M. Vengsarkar, J. R. Pedrazzani, J. B. Judkins, and P. J. Lemaire, �??Long-period fiber-grating-based gain equalizers,�?? Opt. Lett. 21, 336�??338 (1996). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. V. Bhatia, �??Applications of long-period gratings to single and multi-parameter sensing,�?? Opt. Express 4, 457-466 (1999), <a href="http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-4-11-457">http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-4-11-457</a> [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. B. J. Eggleton, P. S. Westbrook, R. S. Windeler, S. Spalter, and T. A. Strasser, �??Grating resonances in air�??silica microstructured optical fibers,�?? Opt. Lett. 24, 1460�??1462 (1999). [CrossRef]
  14. G. Kakarantzas, T. A. Birks, and P. St. J. Russell, �??Structural long-period gratings in photonic crystal fibers,�?? Opt. Lett. 27, 1013�??1015 (2002). [CrossRef]
  15. G. Kakarantzas, A. Ortigosa-Mlanch, T. A. Birks, P. St. J. Russell, L. Farr, F. Couny, and B. J. Mangan, �??Structural rocking filters in highly birefringent photonic crystal fiber,�?? Opt. Lett. 28, 158�??160 (2003). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  16. N. Groothoff, J. Canning, E. Buckley, K. Lyttikainen, and J. Zagari, �??Bragg gratings in air�??silica structured fibers,�?? Opt. Lett. 28, 233�??235 (2003). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  17. M. D. Nielsen, G. Vienne, and J. R. Folkenberg, �??Investigation of microdeformation-induced attenuation spectra in a photonic crystal fiber,�?? Opt. Lett. 28, 236�??238 (2003). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  18. G. Humbert, A. Malki, S. Fevrier, P. Roy, and D. Pagnoux, �??Electric arc-induced long-period gratings in Ge-free air�??silica microstructure fiber,�?? Electron. Lett. 4, 349�??350 (2003). [CrossRef]
  19. B. J. Eggleton, P. S. Westbrook, C. A. White, C. Kerbage, R. S. Windelar, and G. L. Burdge, �??Cladding mode resonances in air�??silica microstructure fiber,�?? J. Lightwave Tech. 18, 1084�??1100 (2000). [CrossRef]
  20. B. J. Eggleton, C. Kerbage, P. S. Westbrook, R. S. Windeler, and A. Hale, �??Microstructured optical fiber devices,�?? Opt. Express 9, 698�??713 (2001), <a href="http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-9-13-698">http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-9-13-698</a> [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  21. C. Kerbage, B. J. Eggleton, P. S. Westbrook, and R. S. Windeler, �??Experimental and scalar beam propagation analysis of an air-silica microstructure fiber,�?? Opt. Express 7, 113�??123 (2000), <a href="http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-7-3-113">http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-7-3-113</a> [CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.


Fig. 1. Fig. 2. Fig. 3.
Fig. 4.

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited