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Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: Michael Duncan
  • Vol. 11, Iss. 16 — Aug. 11, 2003
  • pp: 1925–1930

Variable surface profile gratings in sol-gel glass fabricated by holographic interference

Weixing Yu and X.-C. Yuan  »View Author Affiliations

Optics Express, Vol. 11, Issue 16, pp. 1925-1930 (2003)

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Holographic interference is widely used for fabrication of sinusoidal gratings in photosensitive optical material. We present variable surface profile gratings fabricated in photosensitive hybrid sol-gel glass by use of holographic interference. It is found by experiment that different surface profiles of gratings including sinusoidal, binary, and two-peak sinusoidal can be obtained by precise control of exposure time. The experimental results are helpful for researchers fabricating gratings by holographic interference.

© 2003 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(050.1950) Diffraction and gratings : Diffraction gratings
(160.6060) Materials : Solgel
(220.4000) Optical design and fabrication : Microstructure fabrication

ToC Category:
Research Papers

Original Manuscript: June 9, 2003
Revised Manuscript: August 5, 2003
Published: August 11, 2003

Weixing Yu and X. Yuan, "Variable surface profile gratings in sol-gel glass fabricated by holographic interference," Opt. Express 11, 1925-1930 (2003)

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  1. S. I. Najafi, T. Touam, R. Sara, M. P. Andrews, and M. A. Fardad, �??Sol-gel glass waveguide and grating on silicon,�?? J. Lightwave Technol. 16, 1640-1646 (1998). [CrossRef]
  2. P. �?yräs, J. T. Rantala, R. Levy, M. R. Descour, S. Honkanen, and N. Peyghambarian, �??Multilevel structures in sol-gel thin films with a single UV-exposure using a gray-scale mask,�?? Thin Solid Films 352, 9-12 (1999). [CrossRef]
  3. X.-C. Yuan, W. X. Yu, N. Q. Ngo, and W. C. Cheong, �??Cost-effective fabrication of microlenses on hybrid sol-gel glass with a high-energy beam-sensitive gray-scale mask,�?? Opt. Express 10, 303-308 (2002), <a href="http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-10-7-303">http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-10-7-303 [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. J. T. Rantala, R. S. Penner, S. Honkanen, J. Vähäkangas, M. Fallahi, and N. Peyghambarian, �??Negative tone hybrid sol-gel material for electron-beam lithography,�?? Thin Solid Films 345, 185-187 (1999). [CrossRef]
  5. P. �?yräs, J. T. Rantala, S. Honkanen, S. B. Memdes, and N. Peyghambarian, �??Diffraction gratings in sol-gel films by direct contact printing using a UV-mercury lamp,�?? Opt. Commun. 162, 215-218 (1999). [CrossRef]
  6. D. Blanc and S. Pelissier, �??Fabrication of sub-micron period diffraction gratings in self-processing sol-gel glasses,�?? Thin Solid Films 384, 251-253 (2001). [CrossRef]
  7. H. J. Jiang, X.-C. Yuan, Y. Zhou, Y. C. Chan, and Y. L. Lam, �??Single-step fabrication of diffraction gratings on hybrid sol-gel glass using holographic interference lithography,�?? Opt. Commun. 185, 19-24 (2000). [CrossRef]
  8. W. X. Yu, X.-C. Yuan, N. Q. Ngo, W. X. Que, W. C. Cheong, and K.V. Koudriachov, �??Single step fabrication of continuous micro-optical elements in hybrid sol-gel glass by laser direct writing,�?? Opt. Express 10, 443-448 (2002), <a href="http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-10-10-443">http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-10-10-443 [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. X.-C. Yuan, W. X. Yu, W. C. Cheong, and N. Q. Ngo, �??Improved linear response to UV exposure and its interpretation of SiO2/TiO2 hybrid sol-gel glass,�?? J. Phys. D 34, L81-L84 (2002). [CrossRef]

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