OSA's Digital Library

Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: Michael Duncan
  • Vol. 11, Iss. 17 — Aug. 25, 2003
  • pp: 2007–2018

One-dimensional photonic crystal optical limiter

Boon Yi Soon, Joseph W. Haus, Michael Scalora, and Concita Sibilia  »View Author Affiliations

Optics Express, Vol. 11, Issue 17, pp. 2007-2018 (2003)

View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (190 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools



We explore a new passive optical limiter design using transverse modulation instability in the one-dimensional photonic crystal (PC) using χ(3) materials. The performance of PC optical limiters strongly depends on the choice of the materials and the geometry and it improves as the duration of the incident pulse is extended. PC optical limiter performance is compared with that of a device made from homogeneous material. We identify three criteria for benchmarking the PC optical limiter. We also include a discussion of the advantages and disadvantages of PC optical limiters for real world applications.

© 2003 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(190.3100) Nonlinear optics : Instabilities and chaos
(190.4400) Nonlinear optics : Nonlinear optics, materials
(190.4420) Nonlinear optics : Nonlinear optics, transverse effects in

ToC Category:
Research Papers

Original Manuscript: June 20, 2003
Revised Manuscript: August 5, 2003
Published: August 25, 2003

Boon Yi Soon, Joseph Haus, Michael Scalora, and Concita Sibilia, "One-dimensional photonic crystal optical limiter," Opt. Express 11, 2007-2018 (2003)

Sort:  Journal  |  Reset  


  1. R. Knize, �??Efficiency of degenerate four-wave mixing in two-level saturable absorbing medium,�??Opt. Lett. 18, 1606-1608 (1993). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. P. Miles, �??Bottleneck optical limiters: the optimal use of excited-state absorbers,�?? Appl. Opt. 30, 6965-6979 (1994). [CrossRef]
  3. P. Miles, �??Bottleneck optical pulse limiters revisited,�?? Appl. Opt. 38, 566-570 (1999). [CrossRef]
  4. T. Xia, D. Hagan, A. Dogariu, A. Said, and E. Stryland, �??Optimization of optical limiting devices based on excited-state absorption,�?? Appl. Opt. 36, 4110-4122 (1997) [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. D. Kovsh, D. Hagan, and E. Stryland, �??Numerical modeling of thermal refraction in liquids in the transient regime,�?? Opt. Express 4, 315-327 (1999). <a href ="http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-4-8-315">http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-4-8-315</a> [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. B. Justus, A. Houston, and A. Campillo, �??Broadband thermal optical limiter,�?? Appl. Phys. Lett. 63, 1483-1485 (1993). [CrossRef]
  7. B. Justus, Z. Kafafi, and A. Huston, �??Excited-state absorption-enhanced thermal optical limiting in C60,�?? Opt. Lett. 18, 1603-1605 (1993). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. F. Guo, W. Sun, D. Wang, and Y. Song, �??Optical limiting of pentaazadentate complexes in solution for nanosecond pulses,�?? Opt. Eng. 40, 138-141 (2001). [CrossRef]
  9. M. Sanghadasa, I. Shin, R. Clark, H. Guo, and B. Penn, �??Optical limiting behavior of octa-decyloxy metallo-phthalocyanines,�?? J. Appl. Phys. 90, 31-37 (2001). [CrossRef]
  10. J. Shirk, R. Pong, S. Flom, F. Bartoli, M. Boyle, and A. Snow, �??Lead phthalocyanine reverse saturable absorption optical limiters,�?? Pure Appl. Opt. 5, 701-707 (1996). [CrossRef]
  11. J. Perry, K. Mansour, S. Marder, K. Perry, D. Alvarez, Jr., and I. Choong, �??Enhanced reverse saturable absorption and optical limiting in heavy-atom-substituted phthalocyanines,�?? Opt. Lett. 19, 625-627 (1994). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. I. Khoo, M. Wood, B. Guenther, M. Shih, P. Chen, Z. Chen, and X. Zhang, �??Nonlinear optical liquid cored fiber array and liquid crystal film for ps-cw frequency agile laser optical limiting application,�?? Opt. Express 2, 471-482 (1998). <a href="http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-2-12-471">http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-2-12-471</a> [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. I. Khoo, M. Wood, M. Shih, and P. Chen, �??Extremely nonlinear photosensitive liquid crystals for image sensing and sensor protection,�?? Opt. Express 4, 432-442 (1999). <a href="http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-4-11-432">http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-4-11-432</a> [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  14. H.B. Lin, R.J. Tonucci and A.J. Campillo, �??Two-dimensional photonic bandgap optical limiter in the visible,�?? Opt. Lett. 23, 94-96 (1998). [CrossRef]
  15. M. Scalora, J..P. Dowling, C.M. Bowden, and M.J. Bloemer �??Optical Limiting and Switching of Ultrashort Pulses in Nonlinear Photonic Band Gap Materials,�?? Phys. Rev. Lett. 73, 1368 (1994). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  16. M.C. Larciprete, C.Sibilia, S. Paolini, M. Bertolotti, F. Sarto and M. Scalora,�?? Accessing the optical limiting properties of metallo-dielectric photonic band gap structures,�?? J. Appl. Phys. 93, 5013-5017 (2003). [CrossRef]
  17. J.S. Shirk, R.G.S. Pong, S.R. Flom, A. Hiltner and E. Baer, �??Nonlinear nanolayered polymers: 1D photonic materials with applications to optical limiting, �?? Conference on Laser and Electro-Optics Europe �?? Technical Digest, 83-84 (2001).
  18. G. D�??Aguanno, M. Centini, M. Scalora, C. Sibilia, M. Bertolotti, M..J. Bloemer and C..M. Bowden, �??Energy exchange properties during second-harmonic generation in finite one-dimensional photonic band-gap structures with deep gratings,�?? Phys. Rev. E 67, 016606 (2003). [CrossRef]
  19. S. Hughes, G. Spruce, B. Wherrett, K. Welford, and A. Lloyd, �??The saturation limit to picosecond, induced absorption in dyes,�?? Opt. Commun. 100, 113-117 (1993). [CrossRef]
  20. S. Hughes, J. Burzler, G. Spruce, and B. Wherrett, �??Fast Fourier transform techniques for efficient simulation of Z-scan measurements,�?? J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 12, 1888-1893 (1995). [CrossRef]
  21. S. Hughes and B. Wherrett, �??Multilevel rate-equation analysis to explain the recent observations of limitations to optical limiting dyes,�?? Phys. Rev. A 54, 3546-3552 (1996). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  22. S. Hughes, �??A novel computational technique for propagating picosecond, intense laser pulses through a multi-level system,�?? Opt. Commun. 132, 236-240 (1996) . [CrossRef]
  23. S. Hughes, J. Burzler, and T. Kobayashi, �??Modeling of picosecond-pulse propagation for optical limiting applications in the visible spectrum,�?? J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 14, 2925-2929 (1997). [CrossRef]
  24. C. Li, L. Zhang, M. Yang, H. Wang, and Y. Wang, �??Dynamic and steady-state behaviors of reverse saturable absorption in metallophthocyanine,�?? Phys. Rev. A 49, 1149-1157 (1994). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  25. J. Si, M. Yang, Y. Wang, L. Zhang, C. Li, D. Wang, S. Dong, and W. Sun, �??Nonlinear absorption in metallo-porphyrin-like,�?? Opt. Commun. 109, 487-491 (1994). [CrossRef]
  26. C. Li, J. Si, M. Yang, R. Wang, and L. Zhang, �??Excited-state nonlinear absorption in multi-energy-level molecular systems,�?? Phys. Rev A 51, 569-575 (1995) [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  27. X. Deng, X. Zhang, Y. Wang, Y. Song, S. Liu, and C. Li, �??Intensity threshold in the conversion from reverse saturable absorption to saturable absorption and its application in optical limiting,�?? Opt. Commun. 168, 207-212 (1999) . [CrossRef]
  28. J. W. Haus, B. Y. Soon, M. Scalora, M. Bloemer, C. Bowden, C. Sibilia, and A. Zheltikov, �??Spatio-temporal instabilities for counter-propagating waves in periodic media,�?? Opt. Express 10, 114-121 (2002). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  29. J. W. Haus, B. Y. Soon, M. Scalora, C. Sibilia, I. Mel�??nikov, �??Coupled-mode equations for Kerr media with periodically modulated linear and nonlinear coefficients,�?? J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 19, 2282-2291 (2002). [CrossRef]
  30. N. M. Lichinitser, C. J. McKinstrie, C. M. de Sterke, and G. P. Agrawal, �??�??Spatiotemporal instabilities in nonlinear bulk media with Bragg gratings,�??�?? J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 18, 45�??54 (2001). [CrossRef]
  31. C.M. de Sterke, D.G. Salinas and J. Sipe, �??Coupled-mode theory for light propagation through deep nonlinear gratings,�?? Phys. Rev. E 54, 1969-1989 (1996). [CrossRef]
  32. S. Yang, �??Optimization of passive optical limiters,�?? Ph.D. Dissertation, University of Central Florida, 2000.
  33. M. Scalora and M. Crenshaw, �??A beam propagation method that handles reflections,�?? Opt. Commun. 108, 191-196 (1994).

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

Supplementary Material

» Media 1: GIF (22 KB)     
» Media 2: GIF (20 KB)     
» Media 3: GIF (28 KB)     
» Media 4: GIF (21 KB)     
» Media 5: GIF (15 KB)     
» Media 6: GIF (15 KB)     
» Media 7: GIF (15 KB)     
» Media 8: GIF (15 KB)     

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited