OSA's Digital Library

Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: Michael Duncan
  • Vol. 11, Iss. 22 — Nov. 3, 2003
  • pp: 2820–2825

Transportable, highly sensitive photoacoustic spectrometer based on a continuous-wave dualcavity optical parametric oscillator

Frank Müller, Alexander Popp, Frank Kühnemann, and Stephan Schiller  »View Author Affiliations


Optics Express, Vol. 11, Issue 22, pp. 2820-2825 (2003)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/OE.11.002820


View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (1443 KB)





Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


   


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

Share
Citations

Abstract

We present an all solid state, transportable photoacoustic spectrometer for highly sensitive mid-infrared trace gas detection. A complete spectral coverage between 3.1 and 3.9 µm is obtained using a PPLN-based continuous-wave optical parametric oscillator pumped by a Nd:YAG laser at 1064 nm. A low threshold is achieved by resonating the pump, and spectral agility by employing a dual-cavity setup. An etalon suppresses mode-hops. Active signal cavity stabilization yields a frequency stability better than ±30 MHz over 45 minutes. Output idler power is 2×100 mW. The frequency tuning qualities of the OPO allow reliable scan over gas absorption structures. A detection limit of 110 ppt for ethane is achieved.

© 2003 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(120.6200) Instrumentation, measurement, and metrology : Spectrometers and spectroscopic instrumentation
(190.4970) Nonlinear optics : Parametric oscillators and amplifiers
(300.6340) Spectroscopy : Spectroscopy, infrared

ToC Category:
Research Papers

History
Original Manuscript: September 17, 2003
Revised Manuscript: October 17, 2003
Published: November 3, 2003

Citation
Frank Müller, Alexander Popp, Frank Kühnemann, and Stephan Schiller, "Transportable, highly sensitive photoacoustic spectrometer based on a continuous-wave dualcavity optical parametric oscillator," Opt. Express 11, 2820-2825 (2003)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-11-22-2820


Sort:  Journal  |  Reset  

References

  1. E. F. Elstner and J. R. Konze, �??Effects of point freezing on ethylene and ethane production by sugar beet leaf disks,�?? Nature, 263 351-352 (1976). [CrossRef]
  2. M. D. Knutson, G. J. Handelman, and F. E. Viteri, �??Methods for measuring ethane and pentane in expired air from rats and humans,�?? Free Radical Biology & Medicine. 28 514-519 (2000). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. F. Kühnemann, �??Photoacoustic trace gas detection in plant biology�?? in Laser in environmental and life science, P. Hering, J. P. Lay, and S. Stry, ed. (Springer, Heidelberg-Berlin, 2003), Chap. 16.
  4. D. Richter, D. G. Lancaster, F. K. Tittel, �??Development of an automated diode-laser-based multicomponent gas sensor,�?? Appl. Opt. 39 4444-4450 (2000). [CrossRef]
  5. K.Schneider, P. Kramper, S .Schiller, and J. Mlynek, �??Toward an optical synthesizer: a singlefrequency parametric oscillator using periodically poled LiNbO3 ,�?? Opt. Lett. 22 1293-1295 (1997). [CrossRef]
  6. F. Kühnemann, K. Schneider, A. Hecker, A. A. E. Martis, W. Urban, S. Schiller, and J. Mlynek, �??Photoacoustic trace-gas detection using a cw single-frequency parametric oscillator,�?? Appl. Phys. B 66 741-745 (1998). [CrossRef]
  7. M. M. J. W. v. Herpen, S. Li, S. E. Bisson, S. Te Lintel Hekkert, and F. J. M. Harren, �??Tuning and stability of a continuous-wave mid-infrared high-power single resonant optical parametric oscillator,�?? Appl. Phys. B 75 329-333 (2002). [CrossRef]
  8. A. Popp, F. Müller, S. Schiller, G. v. Basum, H. Dahnke, P. Hering, M. Mürtz, and F. Kühnemann, �??Ultrasensitive mid-infrared cavity leak-out spectroscopy using a cw optical parametric oscillator,�?? Appl. Phys. B 75 751-754 (2002). [CrossRef]
  9. G. A. Turnbull, D. McGloin, I. D. Lindsay, M. Ebrahimzadeh, and M. H. Dunn, �??Extended mode-hop-free tuning by use of a dual-cavity, pump-enhanced optical parametric oscillator,�?? Opt. Lett. 25 341-343 (2000). [CrossRef]
  10. L. E. Myers, R. C. Eckardt, M. M. Fejer, R. L. Byer, W. R. Bosenberg, and J. W. Pierce, �??Multigrating quasi-phase-matched optical parametric oscillator in periodically poled LiNbO3 ,�?? Opt. Lett. 21 591-593 (1996). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. Y. Furukawa, K. Kitamura, S. Takekawa, A. Miyamoto, M. Terao, and N. Suda, �??Photorefraction in LiNbO3 as a function of [Li]/[Nb] and MgO concentrations,�?? Appl. Phys. Lett. 77 2494-2496 (2000). [CrossRef]
  12. R. W. P. Drever, J. L. Hall, F. V. Kowalski, J. Hough, G. M. Ford, A. J. Munley, and H. Ward, "Laser phase and frequency stabilization using an optical resonator," Appl. Phys. B 31 97�??105 (1983). [CrossRef]
  13. HITRAN data base, URL:<A HREF="http://cfa-www.harvard.edu/HITRAN/">http://cfa-www.harvard.edu/HITRAN/</A>.

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.


« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited