OSA's Digital Library

Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: Michael Duncan
  • Vol. 11, Iss. 25 — Dec. 15, 2003
  • pp: 3418–3424

Melting and freezing of light pulses and modes in mode-locked lasers

Ariel Gordon, Boris Vodonos, Vladimir Smulakovski, and Baruch Fischer  »View Author Affiliations

Optics Express, Vol. 11, Issue 25, pp. 3418-3424 (2003)

View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (683 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools



We present a first experimental demonstration of melting of light pulses and freezing of lightwave modes by applying external noise which acts like temperature, verifying our recent theoretical prediction (Gordon and Fischer [1]). The experiment was performed in a fiber laser passively mode-locked by nonlinear rotation of polarization. The first order phase transition was observed directly in time domain and also by measurement of the quartic order parameter (RF power).

© 2003 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(000.6590) General : Statistical mechanics
(140.4050) Lasers and laser optics : Mode-locked lasers

ToC Category:
Research Papers

Original Manuscript: September 25, 2003
Revised Manuscript: November 21, 2003
Published: December 15, 2003

Ariel Gordon, Boris Vodonos, Vladimir Smulakovski, and Baruch Fischer, "Melting and freezing of light pulses and modes in mode-locked lasers," Opt. Express 11, 3418-3424 (2003)

Sort:  Journal  |  Reset  


  1. A. Gordon and B. Fischer, �??Phase Transition Theory of Many-Mode Ordering and Pulse Formation in Lasers,�?? Phys. Rev. Lett. 89, 103901, (2002). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. H. A. Haus, �??Mode-Locking of Lasers,�?? IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quant. 6, 1173 (2000). [CrossRef]
  3. H. Haken and H. Ohno, �??Theory of Ultra-Short Laser Pulses�??, Opt. Commun. 16, 205 (1976). [CrossRef]
  4. H. A. Haus, �??Parameter Ranges for CW Passive Mode Locking,�?? IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 12, 169 (1976). [CrossRef]
  5. H. Haken and H. Ohno, �??Onset of ultrashort laser pulses: first or second order phase transition?,�?? Opt. Commun. 26, 117 (1978). [CrossRef]
  6. H. Haken, Synergetics, 2-nd ed., Springler-Verlag, Berlin Heidelberg New-York (1978). [CrossRef]
  7. E. P. Ippen, L. Y. Liu and H. A. Haus, �??Self-Starting Condition for Additive-Pulse Mode-Locked Lasers,�?? Opt. Lett. 15, 183 (1990). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. C. J. Chen, P. K. A. Wai and C. R. Menyuk, �??Self-Starting of Passively Mode-Locked Lasers with Fast Saturable Absorbers,�?? Opt. Lett. 20 (4), 350 (1995). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. F. Fontana, M. Begotti, E. M. Pessina and L. A. Lugiato, �??Maxwell-Bloch ML Instabilities in Erbium-Doped Fiber Lasers,�?? Opt. Commun. 114, 89 (1995). [CrossRef]
  10. M. A. Marioni and A. A. Hnilo, �??Self-Starting of Self Mode-Locking Ti:Sapphire Lasers. Description with a Poincare Map,�?? Opt. Commun. 147, 89 (1998). [CrossRef]
  11. T. Kapitula, J. N. Kutz, Björn Sandstede, �??Stability of Pulses in the Master Mode-Locking Equation,�?? J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 19, 740, (2002). [CrossRef]
  12. F. Krausz, T. Brabec and Ch. Spilmann, �??Self-Starting of Passive Mode Locking,�?? Opt. Lett. 16, 235 (1991). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. H. A. Haus and E. P. Ippen, �??Self-Starting of Passively Mode-Locked Lasers,�?? Opt. Lett. 16, 1331 (1991). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  14. J. Herrmann, �??Starting dynamic, self-starting condition and mode-locking threshold in passive, coupled-cavity or Kerr-lens mode-locked solid-state lasers,�?? Opt. Commun. 98, 111 (1993). [CrossRef]
  15. V. DeGiorgio and M. O. Scully, �??Analogy between the Laser Threshold Region and a Second-Order Phase Transition,�?? Phys. Rev. A 2, 1170 (1970). [CrossRef]
  16. H. A. Haus and A. Mecozzi, �??Noise os Mode-Locked Lasers,�?? IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29, 983 (1993). [CrossRef]
  17. H. E. Stanley, Introduction to phase transitions and critical phenomena, Oxford University Press, NY and Oxford (1971).
  18. A. Gordon and B Fischer, �??Phase transition theory of pulse formation in passively mode-locked lasers with dispersion and Kerr nonlinearity,�?? Opt. Commun 223, 151 (2003). [CrossRef]
  19. A. Gordon and B. Fischer, �??Inhibition of modulation instability in lasers by noise,�?? Opt. Lett. 28, 1326 (2003). [CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited