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Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: Michael Duncan
  • Vol. 11, Iss. 9 — May. 5, 2003
  • pp: 1050–1055

Theoretical bandgap modeling of two-dimensional triangular photonic crystals formed by interference technique of three noncoplanar beams

X. L. Yang, L. Z. Cai, and Q. Liu  »View Author Affiliations

Optics Express, Vol. 11, Issue 9, pp. 1050-1055 (2003)

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Using the block-iterative frequency domain method and the non-orthogonal FDTD method, the photonic band gap (PBG) and spectral properties are investigated for a new class of two-dimensional (2-D) trigonal structures with an approximately circular or hexagonal “atom” shape formed by holographic lithography. Calculations of band structures as a function of the intensity threshold show that the PBG of 2-D titania arrays opens only for TM polarization, and directional PBG can open for TE and TM polarization simultaneously. In addition, up to four sizeable full PBGs can open for an inverted GaAs triangular structure.

© 2003 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(220.4000) Optical design and fabrication : Microstructure fabrication
(260.2110) Physical optics : Electromagnetic optics
(260.3160) Physical optics : Interference
(350.3950) Other areas of optics : Micro-optics

ToC Category:
Research Papers

Original Manuscript: April 7, 2003
Revised Manuscript: April 24, 2003
Published: May 5, 2003

X. L. Yang, L. Cai, and Q. Liu, "Theoretical bandgap modeling of two-dimensional triangular photonic crystals formed by interference technique of three-noncoplanar beams," Opt. Express 11, 1050-1055 (2003)

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