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Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: Michael Duncan
  • Vol. 12, Iss. 11 — May. 31, 2004
  • pp: 2423–2428

Fundamental limits to few-cycle pulse generation from compression of supercontinuum spectra generated in photonic crystal fiber

John M. Dudley and Stéphane Coen  »View Author Affiliations

Optics Express, Vol. 12, Issue 11, pp. 2423-2428 (2004)

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The fundamental limits to the compressibility of broadband supercontinuum spectra generated in photonic crystal fiber are examined using numerical simulations based on a stochastic extended nonlinear Schrödinger equation. An ensemble average over multiple simulations performed with random quantum noise on the input pulse and spontaneous Raman noise during propagation allows a quantitative study of the effects of pulse to pulse fluctuations on the ability to obtain few-cycle pulses after compensation of the supercontinuum spectral phase. We study the dependence of the supercontinuum compressibility on the input pulse duration, the photonic crystal fiber length, and the spectral resolution of the pulse compressor employed.

© 2004 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(190.4370) Nonlinear optics : Nonlinear optics, fibers
(320.5520) Ultrafast optics : Pulse compression
(320.5540) Ultrafast optics : Pulse shaping

ToC Category:
Research Papers

Original Manuscript: April 27, 2004
Revised Manuscript: May 14, 2004
Published: May 30, 2004

John Dudley and Stéphane Coen, "Fundamental limits to few-cycle pulse generation from compression of supercontinuum spectra generated in photonic crystal fiber," Opt. Express 12, 2423-2428 (2004)

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  1. See, for example, the special issue of Appl. Phys. B 77, no. 2-3 (2003)
  2. T. Sudmeyer, F. Brunner, E. Innerhofer, R. Paschotta, K. Furusawa, J. C. Baggett, T. M. Monro, D. J. Richardson, U. Keller, �??Nonlinear femtosecond pulse compression at high average power levels by use of a large mode-area holey fiber,�?? Opt. Lett. 28, 1951-1953 (2003). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. G. McConnell and E. Riis, �??Ultrashort pulse compression using photonic crystal fiber,�?? Appl. Phys. B 78, 557-564 (2004). [CrossRef]
  4. J. M. Dudley and S. Coen, �??The compressibility of supercontinuum spectra generated in photonic crystal fiber,�?? Proceedings of the European Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics and the European Quantum Electronics Conference (CLEO/Europe-EQEC 2003), Europhysics Conference Abstracts 27E CL2-5-THU.
  5. G. Chang, T. B. Norris, H. G. Winful, �??Optimization of supercontinuum generation in photonic crystal fibers for pulse compression,�?? Opt. Lett. 28, 546-548 (2003). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. P. D. Drummond, J. F. Corney, �??Quantum noise in optical fibers. I. Stochastic equations,�?? J. Opt. Soc. Am. B, 18, 139-152 (2001). [CrossRef]
  7. K. L. Corwin, N. R. Newbury, J. M. Dudley, S. Coen, S. A. Diddams, K. Weber, and R. S. Windeler, �??Fundamental Noise Limitations to Supercontinuum Generation in Microstructure Fiber,�?? Phys. Rev. Lett. 90, 113904 (2003). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. J. Herrmann, U. Griebner, N. Zhavoronkov, A. Husakou, D. Nickel, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, P. St. J. Russell, and G. Korn, �??Experimental Evidence for Supercontinuum Generation by Fission of Higher-Order Solitons in Photonic Fibers,�?? Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 173901 (2003). [CrossRef]
  9. A. M. Weiner, �??Femtosecond pulse shaping using spatial light modulators,�?? Rev. Sci. Instrum. 71, 1929-1960 (2000). [CrossRef]
  10. J. M. Dudley and S. Coen, �??Coherence properties of supercontinuum spectra generated in photonic crystal and tapered optical fibers,�?? Opt. Lett. 27, 1180-1182 (2002). [CrossRef]
  11. F. Lu and W. H. Knox, �??Generation of a broadband continuum with high spectral coherence in tapered single-mode optical fibers,�?? Opt. Express 12, 347-353 (2004), <a href= "http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-12-2-347">http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-12-2-347</a>. [CrossRef] [PubMed]

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