OSA's Digital Library

Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: Michael Duncan
  • Vol. 12, Iss. 11 — May. 31, 2004
  • pp: 2463–2477

New approach for the radiometric calibration of spectral imaging systems

David D. R. Kohler, W. Paul Bissett, Robert G. Steward, and Curtiss O. Davis  »View Author Affiliations

Optics Express, Vol. 12, Issue 11, pp. 2463-2477 (2004)

View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (2015 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools



The calibration of multispectral and hyperspectral imaging systems is typically done in the laboratory using an integrating sphere, which usually produces a signal that is red rich. Using such a source to calibrate environmental monitoring systems presents some difficulties. Not only is much of the calibration data outside the range and spectral quality of data values that are expected to be captured in the field, using these measurements alone may exaggerate the optical flaws found within the system. Left unaccounted for, these flaws will become embedded in to the calibration, and thus, they will be passed on to the field data when the calibration is applied. To address these issues, we used a series of well-characterized spectral filters within our calibration. It provided us with a set us stable spectral standards to test and account for inadequacies in the spectral and radiometric integrity of the optical imager.

© 2004 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(010.4450) Atmospheric and oceanic optics : Oceanic optics
(120.0280) Instrumentation, measurement, and metrology : Remote sensing and sensors
(300.6550) Spectroscopy : Spectroscopy, visible

ToC Category:
Research Papers

Original Manuscript: April 1, 2004
Revised Manuscript: May 14, 2004
Published: May 30, 2004

David Kohler, W. Bissett, Robert Steward, and Curtiss Davis, "New approach for the radiometric calibration of spectral imaging systems," Opt. Express 12, 2463-2477 (2004)

Sort:  Journal  |  Reset  


  1. H. R. Gordon and A. Morel, Remote assessment of ocean color for interpretation of satellite visible imagery, A review (Springer-Verlag, New York, 1983), p. 114.
  2. A. Morel, "Optical modeling of the upper ocean in relation to its biogenous matter content (Case I waters)," J. Geophys. Research 93(C9), 10, 749-710,768 (1988).
  3. H. R. Gordon, O. B. Brown, R. H. Evans, J. W. Brown, R. C. Smith, K. S. Baker, and D. K. Clark, "A semianalytic radiance model of ocean color," J. Geophys. Res. 93(D9), 10,909-910,924 (1988).
  4. C. Hu, K. L. Carder, and F. E. Muller-Karger, "Atmospheric Correction of SeaWiFS Imagery over Turbid Coastal Waters: A Practical Method," Remote Sensing of Environment. 74, no. 2 (2000). [CrossRef]
  5. D. Siegel, M. Wang, S. Maritorena, and W. Robinson, "Atmospheric corection of satellite ocean color imagery: the black pixel assumption," Appl. Opt. 39, 3582-3591 (2000). [CrossRef]
  6. H. R. Gordon and D. K. Clark, "Clear water radiances for atmospheric correction of coastal zone color scanner imagery," Appl. Opt. 20, 4175-4180 (1981). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. K. Ruddick, F. Ovidio, and M. Rijkeboer, "Atmospheric correction of SeaWiFS imagery for turbid coastal and inland waters," App. Opt. 39, 897-912 (2000). [CrossRef]
  8. R. J. Birk and T. B. McCord, "Airborne Hyperspectral Sensor Systems," IEEE AES Systems Magazine 9, 26-33 (1994). [CrossRef]
  9. K. L. Carder, P. Reinersman, R. F. Chen, F. Müller-Karger, C. O. Davis, and M. Hamilton, "AVIRIS calibration and application in coastal oceanic environments," Remote Sensing of Environment 44, 205-216 (1993). [CrossRef]
  10. Z. Lee, K. L. Carder, R. F. Chen, and T. G. Peacock, "Properties of the water column and bottom derived from Airborne Visible Infrared Imaging Spectrometer (AVIRIS) data," J. Geophys. Res. 106, 11,639-611,652 (2001). [CrossRef]
  11. D. D. R. Kohler, "An evaluation of a derivative based hyperspectral bathymetric algorithm," Dissertation Cornell University, Ithaca, NY, (2001).
  12. E. Louchard, R. Reid, F. Stephens, C. Davis, R. Leathers, and T. Downes, "Optical remote sensing of benthic habitats and bathymetry in coastal environments at Lee Stocking Island, Bahamas: A comparative spectral classification approach," Limnol. Oceanogr. 48, 511-521 (2003). [CrossRef]
  13. J. C. Sandidge and R. J. Holyer, "Coastal bathymetry from hyperspectral observations of water radiance," Remote Sensing of Environment 65, 341-352 (1998). [CrossRef]
  14. Z. Lee, K. L. Carder, C. D. Mobley, R. G. Steward, and J. S. Patch, "Hyperspectral remote sensing for shallow waters: 2. Deriving bottom depths and water properties by optimization," Appl. Opt. 38, 3831-3843 (1999). [CrossRef]
  15. Z. Lee, K. L. Carder, C. D. Mobley, R. G. Steward, and J. S. Patch, "Hyperspectral remote sensing for shallow waters. 1. A semianalytical model," Appl. Opt. 37, 6329-6338 (1998). [CrossRef]
  16. R. O. Green, "Spectral calibration requirement for Earth-looking imaging spectrometers in the solar-reflected spectrum," Appl. Opt. 37, 683-690 (1998). [CrossRef]
  17. C. O. Davis, J. Bowles, R. A. Leathers, D. Korwan, T. V. Downes, W. A. Snyder, W. J. Rhea, W. Chen, J. Fisher, W. P. Bissett, and R. A. Reisse, "The Ocean PHILLS Hyperspectral Imager: Design, Characterization, and Calibration," Opt. Express 10, 210-221 (2002), <a href="http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-10-4-210">http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-10-4-210</a>. [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  18. A. Morel, "In-water and remote measurement of ocean color," Boundary-Layer Meteorology 18, 117-201 (1980). [CrossRef]
  19. C. M. Huang, B. E. Burke, B. B. Kosicki, R. W. Mountain, P. J. Daniels, D. C. Harrison, G. A. Lincoln, N. Usiak, M. A. Kaplan, and A. R. Forte, "A new process for thinned, back-illuminated CCD imager devices," presented at the International Symposium on VLSI Technology, New York, (1989).
  20. G. M. Williams, H. H. Marsh, and M. Hinds, "Back-illuminated CCD imagers for high information content digital photography," presented at the Digital Solid State Cameras: Designs and Applications, San Jose, CA, (1998).
  21. Scientific Imaging Technologies, Inc., "The CCD Imaging Array: An Introduction to Scientific Imaging Charge-Coupled Devices," Beaverton, Oregon, (1994).
  22. G. Meister, P. Abel, R. Barnes, J. Cooper, C. Davis, M. Godin, D. Goebel, G. Fargion, R. Frouin, D. Korwan, R. Maffione, C. McClain, S. McLean, D. Menzies, A. Poteau, J. Robertson, and J. Sherman, The First SIMBIOS Radiometric Intercomparison (SIMRIC-1), April-September 2001 (NASA Center for AeroSpace Information, Greenbelt, MD, 2002), Vol. NASA Technical Memorandum 2002-210006, p. 60.
  23. C. Cattrall, K. L. Carder, K. J. Thome, and H. R. Gordon, "Solar-reflectance-based calibration of spectral radiometers," Geophys.Res. Lett. 29, 2.1-2.4 (2002). [CrossRef]
  24. P. N. Slater, S. Biggar, J. M. Palmer, and K. J. Thome, "Unified approach to absolute radiometric calibration in the solar reflective range," Remote Sensing of Environment 77, 293-303 (2001). [CrossRef]
  25. A. Ryer, Light Measurement Handbook (International Light, Inc., Newburyport, MA, 1997), p. 64.
  26. C. D. Mobley, Light and Water (Academic Press, San Diego, CA, 1994), p. 592.
  27. B. Fougnie, R. Frouin, P. Lecomte, and P.-Y. Deschamps, "Reduction of skylight reflection effects in the above-water measurement of diffuse marine reflectance," Appl. Opt. 38, 3844-3856 (1999). [CrossRef]
  28. B.-C. Gao, M. J. Montes, Z. Ahmad, and C. O. Davis, "Atmospheric correction algorithm for hyperspectral remote sensing of ocean color from space," Appl. Opt. 39, 887-896 (2000). [CrossRef]
  29. M. J. Montes, B. C. Gao, and C. O. Davis, "A new algorithm for atmospheric correction of hyperspectral remote sensing data," presented at the GeoSpatial Image and Data Exploration II, Orlando, FL, 2001.
  30. B.-C. Gao and C. O. Davis, "Development of a line by line based atmosphere removal algorithm for airborne and spaceborne imaging spectrometers," presented at the Imaging Spectrometry III, 1997.

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited