OSA's Digital Library

Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: Michael Duncan
  • Vol. 12, Iss. 11 — May. 31, 2004
  • pp: 2517–2528

Dynamic correction of a distorted image using a photorefractive polymeric composite

Jeffrey G. Winiarz, F. Ghebremichael, Jayan Thomas, Gerald Meredith, and Nasser Peyghambarian  »View Author Affiliations

Optics Express, Vol. 12, Issue 11, pp. 2517-2528 (2004)

View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (561 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools



We demonstrate, for the first time, the dynamic correction of aberrated images in real-time using a polymeric composite with fast response times. The current novel experimental design is capable of restoring a phase aberrated, image carrying laser beam, to nearly its original quality. The ability to reconstruct images in real-time is demonstrated through the changing of the aberrating medium at various speeds. In addition, this technique allows for the correction of images in motion, demonstrated through the oscillatory movement of the resolution target. We also have demonstrated that important parameters of the materials in the study such as response times, diffraction efficiencies and optical gains all retain high figures of merit values under the current experimental conditions.

© 2004 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(050.7330) Diffraction and gratings : Volume gratings
(090.1000) Holography : Aberration compensation
(100.3020) Image processing : Image reconstruction-restoration
(190.5330) Nonlinear optics : Photorefractive optics

ToC Category:
Research Papers

Original Manuscript: March 15, 2004
Revised Manuscript: May 24, 2004
Published: May 30, 2004

Jeffrey Winiarz, Fassil Ghebremichael, Jayan Thomas, Gerald Meredith, and Nasser Peyghambarian, "Dynamic correction of a distorted image using a photorefractive polymeric composite," Opt. Express 12, 2517-2528 (2004)

Sort:  Journal  |  Reset  


  1. Y. Yitzhaky, I. Dror, and N. S. Kopeika, �??Restoration of atmospherically blurred images according to weather-predicted atmospheric modulation transfer function,�?? Opt. Eng. 36, 3064-3072 (1997). [CrossRef]
  2. M. C. Gower, �??Phase conjugation,�?? J. Mod. Opt. 35, 449-472 (1988). [CrossRef]
  3. C. L. Hayes, R. A. Brandewie, W. C. Davis, and G. E. Mevers, �??Experimental test of an infrared phase conjugation adaptive array,�?? J. Opt. Soc. Am. 67, 269-277 (1977). [CrossRef]
  4. W.-J. Joo, N.-J. Kim, H. Chun, I. K. Moon, and N. Kim, �??Polymeric photorefractive composite for holographic applications,�?? Polymer 42, 9863-9866 (2001). [CrossRef]
  5. T. Baade, A. Kiessling, and R. Kowarschik, �??A simple method for image restoration and image preprocessing using two-wave mixing in Bi12TiO20,�?? J. Opt. A-Pure Appl. Opt. 3, 250-254 (2001). [CrossRef]
  6. A. N. Simonov, A. V. Larichev, V. P. Shibaev, and A. I. Stakhanov, �??High-quality correction of wavefront distortions using low-power phase conjugation in azo dye containing LC polymer,�?? Opt. Commun. 197, 175-185 (2001). [CrossRef]
  7. A. Brignon, J.-P. Huignard, M. H. Garrett, and I. Mnushkina, �??Spatial beam cleanup of a Nd:YAG laser operating at 1.06 µm with two-wave mixing in Rh:BaTiO3,�?? Appl. Opt. 36, 7788-7793 (1997). [CrossRef]
  8. A. E. Chiou and P. Yeh, �??Laser-beam cleanup using photorefractive two-wave mixing and optical phase conjugation,�?? Opt. Lett. 11, 461-463 (1986). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. A. E. T. Chiou and P. Yeh, �??Beam cleanup using photorefractive two-wave mixing,�?? Opt. Lett. 10, 621-623 (1985). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. B. Kippelen, K. Meerholz, Sandalphon, B. L. Volodin, and N. Peyghambarian, �??Photorefractive polymers and their applications,�?? Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. Sci. Technol., Sect. A 283, 109-114 (1996). [CrossRef]
  11. W. E. Moerner and S. M. Silence, �??Polymeric photorefractive materials,�?? Chem. Rev. 94, 127-155 (1994). [CrossRef]
  12. V. L. Vinetskii, N. V. Kukhtarev, S. G. Odulov, and M. S. Soskin, �??Dynamic self-diffraction of coherent light beams,�?? Uspekhi Fizicheskikh Nauk 129, 113-137 (1979). [CrossRef]
  13. D. L. Staebler and J. J. Amodei, �??Coupled-wave analysis of holographic storage in lithium niobate,�?? J. Appl. Phys. 34, 1042-1049 (1972). [CrossRef]
  14. G. S. Agarwal and E. Wolf, �??Theory of phase conjugation with weak scatterers,�?? J. Opt. Soc. Am. 72, 321 (1982). [CrossRef]
  15. J. Zhang, S. Yoshikado, and T. Aruga, �??Distorted image reconstruction using photorefractive effects,�?? J. Commun. Res. Lab. 49, 67-71 (2002).
  16. M. Tziraki1, R. Jones, P. M. W. French, M. R. Melloch, and D.D. Nolte, �??Photorefractive holography for imaging through turbidmedia using low coherence light,�?? Appl. Phys. B 70, 151�??154 (2000). [CrossRef]
  17. S. C. W. Hyde, N. P. Barry, R. Jones, J. C. Dainty, P. M. W. French, M. B. Klein, and B. A. Wechsler, �??Depth-resolved holographic imaging through scattering media by photorefraction,�?? Opt. Lett. 20, 1331-1334 (1995). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  18. E. Leith, H. Chen, Y. Chen, D. Dilworth, J. Lopez, R. Masri, J. Rudd, and J. Valdmanis, �??Electronic holography and speckle methods for imaging through tissue using femtosecond gated pulses,�?? Appl. Opt. 30, 4204-4210 (1991). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  19. K. G. Spears, J. Serafin, N. H. Abramson, X. Zhu, and H. Bjelkhagen, �??Chrono-coherent imaging for medicine,�?? in Proceedings of IEEE Conference on Trans. Biomed. Eng. (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, New York, 1989), pp. 1210-1221. [CrossRef]
  20. N. H. Abramson and K. G. Spears �??Single pulse light-in-flight recording by holography,�?? Appl. Opt. 28, 1834-1841 (1989). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  21. M. A. Duguay and A. T. Mattick, �??Untrahigh speed photography of picosecond light pulses and echoes,�?? Appl. Opt. 10, 2162-2171 (1971). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  22. E. Hendrickx, Y. Zhang, K. B. Ferrio, J. A. Herlocker, J. Anderson, N. R. Armstrong, E. A. Mash, A. P. Persoons, N. Peyghambarian, and B. Kippelen, �??Photoconductive properties of PVK-based photorefractive polymer composites doped with fluorinated styrene chromophores,�?? J. Mater. Chem. 9, 2251-2258 (1999). [CrossRef]
  23. J. W. Goodman, Introduction to Fourier Optics (McGraw-Hill, San Francisco, 1968).
  24. D. Wright, M. A. Díaz-García, J. D. Casperson, M. DeClue, W. E. Moerner, and R. J. Twieg, �??High-speed photorefractive polymer composites,�?? Appl. Phys. Lett. 73, 1490-1492 (1998). [CrossRef]
  25. S. H. Chung and J. R. Stevens, �??Time-dependent correlation and the evaluation of the stretched exponential or Kohlrausch�??Williams�??Watts function,�?? Am. J. Phys. 11, 1024-1030 (1991). [CrossRef]
  26. J. G. Winiarz, L. Zhang, M. Lal, C. S. Friend, and P. N. Prasad, �??Observation of the photorefractive effect in a hybrid organic-inorganic nanocomposite,�?? J. Am. Chem. Soc. 121, 5287-5295 (1999). [CrossRef]
  27. B. Swedek, N. Cheng, Y. Cui, J. Zieba, J. Winiarz, and P. N. Prasad, �??Temperature-dependence studies of photorefractive effect in a low glass-transition-temperature polymer composite,�?? J. Appl. Phys. 82, 5923-5931 (1997). [CrossRef]
  28. Y. Cui, B. Swedek, N. Cheng, J. Zieba, and P. N. Prasad, �??Dynamics of photorefractive grating erasure in polymeric composites,�?? J. Appl. Phys. 85, 38-43 (1999). [CrossRef]
  29. H. Kogelnik, �??Coupled Wave Theory for Thick Hologram Gratings,�?? Bell Syst. Tech. J. 48, 2909-2945 (1969).

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

Supplementary Material

» Media 1: MPG (1684 KB)     
» Media 2: MPG (1725 KB)     
» Media 3: MPG (1725 KB)     
» Media 4: MPG (1725 KB)     
» Media 5: MPG (1725 KB)     
» Media 6: MPG (1725 KB)     
» Media 7: MPG (1725 KB)     
» Media 8: MPG (1725 KB)     
» Media 9: MPG (1725 KB)     
» Media 10: MPG (1725 KB)     
» Media 11: MPG (1725 KB)     
» Media 12: MPG (1725 KB)     
» Media 13: MPG (1725 KB)     
» Media 14: MPG (1725 KB)     
» Media 15: MPG (1725 KB)     
» Media 16: MPG (1725 KB)     
» Media 17: MPG (1725 KB)     
» Media 18: MPG (1725 KB)     
» Media 19: MPG (1725 KB)     

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited