OSA's Digital Library

Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: Michael Duncan
  • Vol. 12, Iss. 12 — Jun. 14, 2004
  • pp: 2774–2780

Influence of nonlinear absorption on Raman amplification in Silicon waveguides

R. Claps, V. Raghunathan, D. Dimitropoulos, and B. Jalali  »View Author Affiliations


Optics Express, Vol. 12, Issue 12, pp. 2774-2780 (2004)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/OPEX.12.002774


View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (139 KB)





Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


   


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

Share
Citations

Abstract

We model the TPA-induced free carrier absorption effect in silicon Raman amplifiers and quantify the conditions under which net gain may be obtained. The achievable Raman gain strongly depends on the free carrier lifetime, propagation loss, and on the effective Raman gain coefficient, through pump-induced broadening.

© 2004 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(230.7370) Optical devices : Waveguides
(250.3140) Optoelectronics : Integrated optoelectronic circuits
(250.4480) Optoelectronics : Optical amplifiers

ToC Category:
Research Papers

History
Original Manuscript: April 26, 2004
Revised Manuscript: June 3, 2004
Published: June 14, 2004

Citation
Ricardo Claps, V. Raghunathan, D. Dimitropoulos, and B. Jalali, "Influence of nonlinear absorption on Raman amplification in Silicon waveguides," Opt. Express 12, 2774-2780 (2004)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-12-12-2774


Sort:  Journal  |  Reset  

References

  1. R. Claps, D. Dimitropoulos, B. Jalali, �??Stimulated Raman Scattering in Silicon Waveguides,�?? IEE Electron. Lett. 38, 1352-1354 (2002). [CrossRef]
  2. R. Claps, D. Dimitropoulos, Y. Han, and B. Jalali, "Observation of Raman emission in silicon waveguides at 1.54 µm," Opt. Express 10, 1305-1313 (2002), <a href="http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-10-22-1305">http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-10-22-1305</a> [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. R. Claps, D. Dimitropoulos, V. Raghunathan, Y. Han, and B. Jalali, "Observation of stimulated Raman amplification in silicon waveguides," Opt. Express 11, 1731-1739 (2003), <a href="http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-11-15-1731">http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-11-15-1731</a> [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. T.K. Liang, H.K. Tsang; �??Role of free carriers from two-photon absorption in Raman amplification in silicon-on-insulator waveguides,�?? Appl. Phys. Lett. 84(15) 2745-2747 (2004). [CrossRef]
  5. M. Dinu, F. Quochi, H. Garcia, �??Third-order nonlinearities in silicon at telecom wavelengths,�?? Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 2954 (2003). [CrossRef]
  6. A. R. Cowan, G. W. Rieger, and J. F. Young, "Nonlinear transmission of 1.5 µm pulses through singlemode silicon-on-insulator waveguide structures," Opt. Express 12, 1611-1621 (2004), <a href="http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-12-8-1611">http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-12-8-1611</a> [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. J.H. Yee, H.H.M. Chau; �??Two-Photon indirect transition in GaP crystal,�?? Opt. Comm. 10, 56-58 (1974). [CrossRef]
  8. K.W. DeLong, G.I. Stegeman; �??Two-photon absorption as a limitation to all-optical waveguide switching in semiconductors,�?? Appl. Phys. Lett. 57(20) 2063-2064 (1990). [CrossRef]
  9. A. Villeneuve, C.C. Yang, G.I. Stegeman, C.N. Ironside, G. Scelsi, R.M. Osgood; �??Nonlinear Absorption in a GaAs Waveguide Just Above Half the Band Gap,�?? IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 30, 1172-1175 (1994). [CrossRef]
  10. A.M. Darwish, E.P. Ippen, H.Q. Lee, J.P. Donnelly, S.H. Groves; �??Optimization of four-wave mixing conversion efficiency in the presence of nonlinear loss,�?? Appl. Phys. Lett. 69, 737-739 (1996). [CrossRef]
  11. Y.-H. Kao, T.J. Xia, M.N. Islam; �??Limitations on ultrafast optical switching in a semiconductor laser amplifier operating at transparency current�??, J. Appl. Phys. 86, 4740-4747 (1999). [CrossRef]
  12. K. Suto, T. Kimura, T. Saito, J. Nishizawa; �??Raman amplification in GaP-AlxGa1-xP waveguides for light frequency discrimination,�?? IEE Proc.-Optoelectron. 145, 105-108 (1998). [CrossRef]
  13. S. Saito, K. Suto, T. Kimura, J.I. Nishizawa; �??80-ps and 4-ns Pulse-Pumped Gains in a GaP-AlGaP Semiconductor Raman Amplifier,�?? IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.16, 395-397 (2004). [CrossRef]
  14. D. Dimitropoulos, B. Houshmand, R. Claps, B. Jalali, �??Coupled-mode theory of Raman effect in silicon-oninsulator waveguides,�?? Opt. Lett. 28, 1954-1956 (2003). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  15. R. A. Soref, B. R. Bennett; �??Electrooptical Effects in Silicon,�?? IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-23, 123-129 (1987). [CrossRef]
  16. R. J. Bozeat, S. Day, F. Hopper, F.P. Payne, S.W. Roberts, M. Asghari, �??Silicon Based Waveguides,�?? in L. Pavesi, D.J. Lockwood (Eds.) Silicon Photonics, ch. 8, 269-294 (2004).
  17. M.A. Mendicino; �??Comparison of properties of available SOI materials,�?? Properties of Crystalline Silicon, by Robert Hull 18.1 p. 992-1001 (1998).
  18. J.L. Freeouf, S.T. Liu; IEEE Int. SOI conf. proc. Tucson, AZ, USA, 3-5 Oct, 1995 p. 74-5.
  19. J.M. Ralston, R.K. Chang; �??Spontaneous-Raman-Scattering Efficiency and Stimulated Scattering in Silicon,�?? Phys. Rev. B 2, 1858 (1970). [CrossRef]
  20. K. Seeger, Semiconductor Physics (An Introduction), (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 3rd Ed. 1985), ISBN 0-387- 15578-3.
  21. T. Kuwuyama, M. Ishimura, E. Arai; �??Interface recombination velocity of silicon-on-insulator wafers measured by microwave reflectance photoconductivity decay method with electric field,�?? Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 928-930 (2003). [CrossRef]
  22. K.K. Lee, D.R. Lim, L.C. Kimerling, J. Shin, F. Cerrina; �??Fabrication of ultralow-loss Si/SiO2 waveguides by roughness reduction�?? Opt. Lett. 26, 1888-1890 (2001). [CrossRef]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.


« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited