OSA's Digital Library

Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: Michael Duncan
  • Vol. 12, Iss. 14 — Jul. 12, 2004
  • pp: 3131–3136

Photosensitivity of ion-exchanged Er-doped phosphate glass using 248nm excimer laser radiation

Stavros Pissadakis, Aris Ikiades, Ping Hua, Anna K. Sheridan, and James S. Wilkinson  »View Author Affiliations


Optics Express, Vol. 12, Issue 14, pp. 3131-3136 (2004)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/OPEX.12.003131


View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (384 KB)





Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


   


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

Share
Citations

Abstract

The photosensitivity to 248nm excimer laser radiation of Er-doped Schott IOG-1 phosphate glass is presented. The photosensitive mechanism is investigated by employing a grating recording process. Index changes of up to ~2.0×10-3 were measured in silver ion-exchanged samples using diffraction efficiency measurements; whereas changes of only ~10-5 were measured for non-ion-exchanged samples. Absorption measurements allowed the identification of specific color center bands, which were attributed to the glass matrix and to the silver ions. Investigation of the exposed ion-exchanged glass using scanning electron microscopy and energy dispersive x-ray microanalysis revealed that in addition to the color centers formed, silver ion migration and ionization contribute significantly to the UV-induced index changes.

© 2004 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(050.7330) Diffraction and gratings : Volume gratings
(130.3130) Integrated optics : Integrated optics materials
(160.5320) Materials : Photorefractive materials
(160.5690) Materials : Rare-earth-doped materials

ToC Category:
Research Papers

History
Original Manuscript: June 2, 2004
Revised Manuscript: June 30, 2004
Published: July 12, 2004

Citation
Stavros Pissadakis, Aris Ikiades, Ping Hua, Anna Sheridan, and James Wilkinson, "Photosensitivity of ion-exchanged Er-doped phosphate glass using 248nm excimer laser radiation," Opt. Express 12, 3131-3136 (2004)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-12-14-3131


Sort:  Journal  |  Reset  

References

  1. B.C. Hwang, S. Jiang, T. Luo, J. Watson, S. Honkanen, Y. Hu, F. Smektala, J. Lucas, N. Peyghambarian, ???Erbium-doped phosphate glass fibre amplifiers with gain per unit length of 2.1dB/cm,??? Electron. Lett. 35, 1007-1009 (1999). [CrossRef]
  2. D.L. Veasey, D.S. Funk, P.M. Peters, N.A. Sanford, G.E. Obarski, N. Fontaine, M. Young, A.P. Peskin, W.C. Liu, S.N. Houde-Walter, J.S. Hayden, ???Yb/Er-codoped and Yb-doped waveguide lasers in phosphate glass,??? J. Non-Cryst. Solids 263-264, 369-381 (2000). [CrossRef]
  3. S. Blaize, L. Bastard, C. Cassagnetes, J.E. Broquin, ???Multiwavelengths DFB waveguide laser array in Yb- Er codoped phosphate glass substrate,??? IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 516-518 (2003). [CrossRef]
  4. P. Thamboon, D.M. Krol, ???Second-order optical nonlinearities in thermally poled phosphate glass,??? J. Appl. Phys. 93, 32-7 (2003) [CrossRef]
  5. Y. Watanabe, G. Namikawa, T. Onuki, K. Nishio, T. Tsuchiya, ???Photosensitivity in phosphate glass doped with Ag+ upon exposure to near-ultraviolet femtosecond laser pulses,??? Appl. Phys. Lett. 78, 2125-2127 (2001) [CrossRef]
  6. Y. Watanabe, M. Inoue, T. Tsuchiya, ???Intensity-dependent photobleaching through bulk oxide glass containing silver particles,??? J. Appl. Phys. 84, 6457-6459 (1998) [CrossRef]
  7. J.W. Chan, T.R. Huser, S.H. Risbud, J.S. Hayden, D.M. Krol, ???Waveguide fabrication in phosphate glasses using femtosecond laser pulses,??? Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 2371-2373 (2003) [CrossRef]
  8. S.Pissadakis, L.Reekie, M.N.Zervas, J.S.Wilkinson, ???Sub-micron period relief gratings in InOx thin films and waveguides, patterned using 248nm excimer laser ablation,??? J. Appl. Phys. 95, 1634-41 (2004) [CrossRef]
  9. H.M. Smith (Editor), Holographic recording materials 20, Springer-Verlag (1977) [CrossRef]
  10. J.-L. Archambault, ???Photorefractive gratings in optical fibres,??? PhD thesis, University of Southampton (1994)
  11. A. Othonos and X. Lee, ???Novel and improved methods of writing Bragg gratings with phase masks,??? IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 7, 1183-1185 (1995) [CrossRef]
  12. J.L. Archambault, L. Reekie, P.St. J.Russell, ???100% reflectivity Bragg reflectors produced in optical fibres by single excimer laser pulses,??? Electron. Lett. 29, 453-5 (1993) [CrossRef]
  13. Schott Glass datasheets for IOG-1 glass
  14. D. Ehrt, P. Ebeling, U. Nature, ???UV transmission and radiation-induced defects in phosphate and fluoridephosphate glasses,??? J. Non-Cryst. Solids 263-264, 240-50 (2000) [CrossRef]
  15. U. Kreibig, ???Electronic properties of small silver particles: the optical constants and their temperature dependence,??? J. Phys. F: Metal Phys. 4, 999-1013 (1974) [CrossRef]
  16. G. Stewart, P.J.R. Laybourn, ???Fabrication of ion-exchanged optical waveguides from dilute silver nitrate melts,??? IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-14, 930-4 (1978) [CrossRef]
  17. D. Moncke, D. Ehrt, ???Irradiation induced defects in glasses resulting in the photoionization of polyvalent dopants,??? Opt. Mat. 25, 425-37 (2004) [CrossRef]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

Figures

Fig. 1. Fig. 2. Fig. 3.
 
Fig. 4.
 

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited