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Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: Michael Duncan
  • Vol. 12, Iss. 16 — Aug. 9, 2004
  • pp: 3629–3651

Diffracted evanescent wave model for enhanced and suppressed optical transmission through subwavelength hole arrays

Henri J. Lezec and Tineke Thio  »View Author Affiliations

Optics Express, Vol. 12, Issue 16, pp. 3629-3651 (2004)

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Transmission enhancements of order 1000 have been reported for subwavelength hole arrays in metal films and attributed to surface plasmon (SP) resonance. We show that the properly normalized enhancement factor is consistently less than 7, and that similar enhancements occur in nonmetallic systems that do not support SPs. We present a new model in which the transmission is modulated not by coupling to SPs but by interference of diffracted evanescent waves generated by subwavelength features at the surface, leading to transmission suppression as well as enhancement. This mechanism accounts for the salient optical properties of subwavelength apertures surrounded by periodic surface corrugations.

© 2004 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(050.1220) Diffraction and gratings : Apertures
(050.1940) Diffraction and gratings : Diffraction
(240.6690) Optics at surfaces : Surface waves

ToC Category:
Focus Issue: Extraordinary light transmission through sub-wavelength structured surfaces

Original Manuscript: June 10, 2004
Revised Manuscript: July 30, 2004
Published: August 9, 2004

Henri Lezec and Tineke Thio, "Diffracted evanescent wave model for enhanced and suppressed optical transmission through subwavelength hole arrays," Opt. Express 12, 3629-3651 (2004)

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