OSA's Digital Library

Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: Michael Duncan
  • Vol. 12, Iss. 17 — Aug. 23, 2004
  • pp: 3972–3980

Spatial and temporal instabilities in a passively Q-switched Nd:YAG laser with a Cr4+:YAG saturable absorber

Ming-Dar Wei, Chien-Hao Chen, and King-Chao Tu  »View Author Affiliations

Optics Express, Vol. 12, Issue 17, pp. 3972-3980 (2004)

View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (772 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools



A period-doubling route to chaos with nonstationary transverse pattern is observed in a diode-pumped Nd:YAG laser with a Cr4+:YAG saturable absorber. The nonlinear behavior results from the multitransverse-mode competition with gradually adding the number of the transverse modes. By analyzing the transverse pattern, we find that the bifurcation accompanies with the increase of the higher-order family of transverse modes in sequence. Moreover, a series of period-doubling route to chaos beginning from the low period is attained by varying the pump power at specific cavity configurations.

© 2004 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(140.1540) Lasers and laser optics : Chaos
(140.3540) Lasers and laser optics : Lasers, Q-switched
(140.3580) Lasers and laser optics : Lasers, solid-state

ToC Category:
Research Papers

Original Manuscript: July 1, 2004
Revised Manuscript: August 6, 2004
Published: August 23, 2004

Ming-Dar Wei, Chien-Hao Chen, and King-Chao Tu, "Spatial and temporal instabilities in a passively Q-switched Nd:YAG laser with a Cr4+:YAG saturable absorber," Opt. Express 12, 3972-3980 (2004)

Sort:  Journal  |  Reset  


  1. J. J. Zayhowski and C. Dill III, �??Diode-pumped passively Q-switched picosecond microchip lasers,�?? Opt. Lett. 19, 1427 (1994). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. I. Freitag, A Tunnermann and H. Welling, �??Passively Q-switched Nd:YAG ring lasers with high average output power in single-frequency operation,�?? Opt. Lett. 22, 706-708 (1997). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. D. Y. Tang, S. P. Ng, L. J. Qin, and X. L. Meng, �??Deterministic chaos in a diode-pumped Nd:YAG laser passively Q switched by a Cr4+:YAG crystal,�?? Opt. Lett. 28, 325 (2003). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. N. B. Abraham and W. J. Firth, �??Overview of transverse effects in nonlinear-optical systems,�?? J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 7, 951 (1990) [CrossRef]
  5. L. A. Lugiato, G. L. Oppo, J. R. Tredicce, L. M. Narducci, and M. A. Pernigo, �??Instabilities and spatial complexity in a laser,�?? J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 7, 1019-1033 (1990). [CrossRef]
  6. K. Klische, C. O. Weiss, and B. Wellegehausen, �??Spatiotemporal chaos from a continue Na2 laser,�?? Phys. Rev. A 39, 919-922 (1989). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. F. T. Arecchi, S. Boccaletti, and P. Ramazza, �??Pattern formation and competition in nonlinear optics,�?? Phys. Rep. 318, 1-83 (1999). [CrossRef]
  8. M. Vasnetsov and K. Staliunas, Optical Vortices (Nova Science, New York, 1999).
  9. Q. Zhang, B. Ozygus, and H. Weber, �??Degeneration effects in laser cavities,�?? Eur. Phys. J. AP 6, 293-298 (1999). [CrossRef]
  10. H.-H. Wu, C.-C. Sheu, T.-W. Chen, M.-D. Wei, and W.-F. Hsieh, �??Observation of power drop and low threshold due to beam waist shrinkage around critical configurations in an an pumped Nd:YVO4 laser,�?? Opt. Commun. 165, 225-229 (1999). [CrossRef]
  11. A. E. Siegman, Lasers (University Science, Mill Valley, CA., 1986).
  12. J.-H. Lin, M.-D. Wei, W.-F. Hsieh, and H.-H. Wu, �??Cavity configurations for soft-aperturing Kerr-lens mode-locking and multiple-period bifurcation in Ti sapphire laser,�?? J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 18, 1069-1075 (2001). [CrossRef]
  13. M. Brambilla, F. Battipede, L. A. Lugiato, V. Penna, F. Prati, C. Tamm, and C. O. Weiss, �?? Transverse laser patterns. I. Phase singularity crystals,�?? Phy. Rev. A 43, 5090-5113 (1991). [CrossRef]
  14. R. L. Devaney, A First Course in Chaotic Dynamical Systems �?? Theory and Experiment (Addison-Wesley, Sydney, 1992), Chap. 8.
  15. M.-D. Wei, W.-F. Hsieh, and C. C. Sung, �??Dynamics of an optical resonator determined by its iterative map of beam parameters,�?? Opt. Commun. 146, 201-207 (1998). [CrossRef]
  16. C.-H. Chen, M.-D. Wei, and W.-F. Hsieh, �??Beam-propagation-dominant instability in an axially pumped solid-state laser near degenerate resonator configuration,�?? J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 18, 1076-1083 (2001). [CrossRef]
  17. M. Tachikawa, F.-L. Hong, K. Tanii, and T. Shimizu, �??Deterministic chaos in passive Q-switching pulsation of a CO2 laser with saturable absorber,�?? Phy. Rev. Lett. 60, 2266-2268 (1988). [CrossRef]
  18. K. Tanii, T. Tohei, T. Sugawara, M. Tachikawa, and T. Shimizu, �??Two different routes to chaos in a twomode CO2 laser with a saturable absorber,�?? Phy. Rev. E 59, 1600-1604 (1999). [CrossRef]
  19. L. A. Lugiato, F. Prati, L. M. Narducci, P. Ru, J. R. Tredicce, and D. K. Bandy, �??Role of transverse effects in laser instabilities,�?? Phy. Rev. A 37, 3847-3866 (1988). [CrossRef]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited