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Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: Michael Duncan
  • Vol. 12, Iss. 17 — Aug. 23, 2004
  • pp: 4019–4024

Fabrication of a periodic structure with a high refractive-index difference by femtosecond laser pulses

Nobuhito Takeshima, Yutaka Kuroiwa, Yoshihiro Narita, Shuhei Tanaka, and Kazuyuki Hirao  »View Author Affiliations


Optics Express, Vol. 12, Issue 17, pp. 4019-4024 (2004)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/OPEX.12.004019


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Abstract

A microfabrication process using ultrafast laser pulses in glass was investigated. We investigated the formation of semiconductors by the irradiation of glasses with femtosecond laser pulses. ZnS- or PbS-doped SiO2-Al2O3-B2O3-CaO-ZnO-Na2O-K2O glasses were prepared by a melting method and irradiated by femtosecond laser pulses. Periodic structures in the sample glasses with a high refractive index difference were produced by femtosecond laser pulses. The maximum relative refractive index difference between the irradiated area and the nonirradiated areas was 20%. Diffraction gratings were also fabricated inside the ZnS- or PbS-doped silicate glasses. The diffraction efficiency of these gratings was approximately 90% in the infrared region.

© 2004 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(050.1950) Diffraction and gratings : Diffraction gratings
(140.7090) Lasers and laser optics : Ultrafast lasers
(160.2750) Materials : Glass and other amorphous materials
(320.2250) Ultrafast optics : Femtosecond phenomena

ToC Category:
Research Papers

History
Original Manuscript: June 29, 2004
Revised Manuscript: August 3, 2004
Published: August 23, 2004

Citation
Nobuhito Takeshima, Yutaka Kuroiwa, Yoshihiro Narita, Shuhei Tanaka, and Kazuyuki Hirao, "Fabrication of a periodic structure with a high refractive-index difference by femtosecond laser pulses," Opt. Express 12, 4019-4024 (2004)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-12-17-4019


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References

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