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Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: Michael Duncan
  • Vol. 12, Iss. 17 — Aug. 23, 2004
  • pp: 4157–4165

Improving fluorescence confocal microscopy with cryogenically-cooled diode lasers

Nelson L. Sivers, Brian C. Van de Workeen, Susanne M. Lee, James N. Turner, and Donald H. Szarowski  »View Author Affiliations


Optics Express, Vol. 12, Issue 17, pp. 4157-4165 (2004)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/OPEX.12.004157


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Abstract

Recent advances in fluorescence confocal microscopy have focused on exciting multiple dyes, leading to the use of diode laser sources. We show that by varying a diode’s operating parameters, diode lasers can address some of the inherent problems associated with multiple dye excitation. Cooling the laser diode caused its emission wavelengths to decrease linearly, its output power to increase five times, and the noise due to reflected laser light for equal fluorescence signals to be reduced five times. We utilized these improvements to produce fluorescence confocal images that minimized the reflected laser intensity, while still efficiently exciting the fluorochrome.

© 2004 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(140.2020) Lasers and laser optics : Diode lasers
(180.1790) Microscopy : Confocal microscopy

ToC Category:
Research Papers

History
Original Manuscript: June 21, 2004
Revised Manuscript: August 16, 2004
Published: August 23, 2004

Citation
Nelson Sivers, Brian Van de Workeen, Susanne Lee, James Turner, and Donald Szarowski, "Improving fluorescence confocal microscopy with cryogenically-cooled diode lasers," Opt. Express 12, 4157-4165 (2004)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-12-17-4157


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References

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  9. Bio-Rad Fluorochrome database, <a href="http://cellscience.bio-rad.com/fluorescence/fluorophoreDatab.htm">http://cellscience.bio-rad.com/fluorescence/fluorophoreDatab.htm</a>

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