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Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: Michael Duncan
  • Vol. 12, Iss. 19 — Sep. 20, 2004
  • pp: 4573–4578

Observation of period-doubling bifurcations in a femtosecond fiber soliton laser with dispersion management cavity

L. M. Zhao, D. Y. Tang, F. Lin, and B. Zhao  »View Author Affiliations

Optics Express, Vol. 12, Issue 19, pp. 4573-4578 (2004)

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We report on the experimental observation of period-doubling bifurcation and period-doubling route to chaos in a femtosecond soliton fiber laser passively mode locked by using the nonlinear polarization rotation technique. Increasing energy of the solitons circulating in the laser cavity, it was revealed that the intensity pattern of the output solitons experiences a period doubling route to chaos. Period-doubling route to chaos is a universal property of the nonlinear dynamic systems transiting from a stable state to a chaotic state. This experimental result shows that the nonlinear propagation of soliton pulses in the laser cavity is an intrinsic dynamic process, which follows the universal laws of the nonlinear dynamic systems.

© 2004 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(060.5530) Fiber optics and optical communications : Pulse propagation and temporal solitons
(140.1540) Lasers and laser optics : Chaos
(190.3100) Nonlinear optics : Instabilities and chaos

ToC Category:
Research Papers

Original Manuscript: July 15, 2004
Revised Manuscript: August 31, 2004
Published: September 20, 2004

L. Zhao, D. Tang, F. Lin, and B. Zhao, "Observation of period-doubling bifurcations in a femtosecond fiber soliton laser with dispersion management cavity," Opt. Express 12, 4573-4578 (2004)

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