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Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: Michael Duncan
  • Vol. 12, Iss. 2 — Jan. 26, 2004
  • pp: 299–309

Supercontinuum and four-wave mixing with Q-switched pulses in endlessly single-mode photonic crystal fibres

W. J. Wadsworth, N. Joly, J. C. Knight, T. A. Birks, F. Biancalana, and P. St. J. Russell  »View Author Affiliations

Optics Express, Vol. 12, Issue 2, pp. 299-309 (2004)

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Photonic crystal fibres exhibiting endlessly single-mode operation and dispersion zero in the range 1040 to 1100 nm are demonstrated. A sub-ns pump source at 1064 nm generates a parametric output at 732 nm with an efficiency of 35%, or parametric gain of 55 dB at 1315 nm. A broad, flat supercontinuum extending from 500 nm to beyond 1750 nm is also demonstrated using the same pump source.

© 2004 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(060.4370) Fiber optics and optical communications : Nonlinear optics, fibers
(230.6080) Optical devices : Sources

ToC Category:
Research Papers

Original Manuscript: December 2, 2003
Revised Manuscript: January 6, 2004
Published: January 26, 2004

W. Wadsworth, N. Joly, J. Knight, T. Birks, F. Biancalana, and P. Russell, "Supercontinuum and four-wave mixing with Q-switched pulses in endlessly single-mode photonic crystal fibres," Opt. Express 12, 299-309 (2004)

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  1. D. Mogilevtsev, T.A. Birks and P. St.J. Russell, �??Group-velocity dispersion in photonic crystal fibres,�?? Opt. Lett. 23, 1662-1664 (1998) [CrossRef]
  2. J.C. Knight, T.A. Birks, P. St.J. Russell, and D.M. Atkin, �??All-silica single-mode fiber with photonic crystal cladding,�?? Opt. Lett. 21, 1547-1549 (1996); Errata, Opt. Lett. 22, 484-485 (1997). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. T.A. Birks, J.C. Knight, and P.St.J. Russell, �??Endlessly single-mode photonic crystal fibre,�?? Opt. Lett. 22, 961-963 (1997). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. T. A. Birks, D. Mogilevtsev, J. C. Knight, P. St. J. Russell, J. Broeng, P. J. Roberts, J. A. West, D. C. Allan, and J. C. Fajardo, �??The analogy between photonic crystal fibres and step index fibres,�?? Optical Fibre Conference, Paper FG4-1, pages 114-116, Friday, February 26 1999.
  5. W.H. Reeves, J.C. Knight, P.St.J. Russell, and P.J. Roberts, �??Demonstration of ultra-flattened dispersion in photonic crystal fibers,�?? Opt. Express 10, 609-613 (2002) <a href="http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-10-14-609">http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-10-14-609"</a> [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. J.C. Knight, J. Arriaga, T.A. Birks, A. Ortigosa-Blanch, W.J. Wadsworth, P. St.J. Russell, �??Anomalous dispersion in photonic crystal fiber,�?? IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 807-809 (2000). [CrossRef]
  7. J.K. Ranka, R.S. Windeler and A.J. Stentz: �??Visible continuum generation in air�??silica microstructure optical fibers with anomalous dispersion at 800 nm,�?? Opt. Lett. 25, 25-27 (2000) [CrossRef]
  8. W.H. Reeves, D.V. Skryabin, F. Biancalana, J.C. Knight, P. St.J. Russell, F. Ominetto, A. Efimov, and A.J. Taylor, �??Transformation and control of ultra-short pulses in dispersion-engineered photonic crystal fibres,�?? Nature 424, 511-515, 31st July (2003). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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  10. A. Ortigosa-Blanch, J.C. Knight and P.St.J. Russell: �??Pulse breaking and supercontinuum generation with 200-fs pump pulses in photonic crystal fibers,�?? J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 19, 2567-2572 (2002). [CrossRef]
  11. W.J. Wadsworth, A. Ortigosa-Blanch, J.C. Knight, T.A. Birks, T-P.M. Man and P. St.J. Russell,�??Supercontinuum generation in photonic crystal fibres and optical fibre tapers: A novel light source,�?? J.Opt. Soc. Am. B 19, 2148-2155 (2002) [CrossRef]
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  14. S. Coen, A.H.L. Chau, R. Leonhardt, J.D. Harvey, J.C. Knight, W.J. Wadsworth, and P. St.J. Russell: �??Supercontinuum generation by stimulated Raman scattering and parametric four-wave mixing in photonic crystal fibers,�?? J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 19, 753-764, (2002). [CrossRef]
  15. M. Seefeldt, A. Heuer and R. Menzel, �??Compact white-light source with an average power of 2.4 W and 900 nm spectral bandwidth,�?? Opt. Commun. 216, 199-202 (2003). [CrossRef]
  16. J.M. Dudley, L. Provino, N. Grossard, H. Maillotte, R. S. Windeler, B. J. Eggleton, and S. Coen, �??Supercontinuum generation in air�??silica microstructured fibers with nanosecond and femtosecond pulse pumping,�?? J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 19, 765-771 (2002). [CrossRef]
  17. G.P. Agrawal, Nonlinear fiber optics, (Academic Press, 2nd edition, 1995).
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  19. J.D. Harvey, R. Leonhardt, S. Coen, G.K.L. Wong, J.C. Knight, W.J. Wadsworth and P. St.J. Russell, �??Scalar modulation instability in the normal dispersion regime by use of a photonic crystal fiber,�?? Opt. Lett. 28, 2225-2227 (2003) [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  20. M. Tateda, N. Shibata, and S. Seikai, �??Interferometric method for chromatic dispersion measurement in a single-mode optical fiber,�?? IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-17, 404�??407 (1981). [CrossRef]

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