OSA's Digital Library

Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: Michael Duncan
  • Vol. 12, Iss. 20 — Oct. 4, 2004
  • pp: 4775–4780

On-chip Si-based Bragg cladding waveguide with high index contrast bilayers

Yasha Yi, Shoji Akiyama, Peter Bermel, Xiaoman Duan, and L. C. Kimerling  »View Author Affiliations

Optics Express, Vol. 12, Issue 20, pp. 4775-4780 (2004)

View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (678 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools



A new silicon based waveguide with full CMOS compatibility is developed to fabricate an on-chip Bragg cladding waveguide that has an oxide core surrounded by a high index contrast cladding layers. The cladding consists of several dielectric bilayers, where each bilayer consists of a high index-contrast pair of layers of Si and Si3N4. This new waveguide guides light based on omnidirectional reflection, reflecting light at any angle or polarization back into the core. Its fabrication is fully compatible with current microelectronics processes. In principle, a core of any low-index material can be realized with our novel structure, including air. Potential applications include tight turning radii, high power transmission, and dispersion compensation.

© 2004 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(130.2790) Integrated optics : Guided waves
(160.3130) Materials : Integrated optics materials

ToC Category:
Research Papers

Original Manuscript: August 31, 2004
Revised Manuscript: September 19, 2004
Published: October 4, 2004

Yasha Yi, Shoji Akiyama, Peter Bermel, Xiaoman Duan, and L. Kimerling, "On-chip Si-based Bragg cladding waveguide with high index contrast bilayers," Opt. Express 12, 4775-4780 (2004)

Sort:  Journal  |  Reset  


  1. P. Yeh, A. Yariv, and E. Marom, �??Theory of Bragg fiber,�?? J. Opt. Soc. Am. 68, 1196 (1978) [CrossRef]
  2. P. Yeh, Optical waves in layered media (Wiley, New York, 1988)
  3. C. Martijn de Sterke, I. M. Bassett, and A. G. Street, �??Differential losses in Bragg fibers,�?? J. Appl. Phys. 76, 680 (1994). [CrossRef]
  4. P. Yeh, A. Yariv, and C. S. Hong, �??Electromagnetic propagation in periodic stratified media. I. General theory,�?? J. Opt. Soc. Am. 67, 423 (1977) [CrossRef]
  5. A. Y. Cho, A. Yariv and P. Yeh, �??Observation of confined propagation in Bragg waveguide�?? Appl. Phys. Lett. 30, 471, (1977) [CrossRef]
  6. E. Yablonovitch, �??Inhibited spontaneous emission in solid-state physics and electronics,�?? Phys. Rev. Lett. 58, 2059 (1987); S. John, �??Strong localization of photons in certain disordered dielectric superlattices,�?? Phys. Rev. Lett. 58, 2486 (1987). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. J. D. Joannopoulos, R. D. Meade, and J. N. Winn, Photonic Crystals: Molding the Flow of Light (Princeton, 1995).
  8. See Photonic Band Gap Materials, C. M. Soukoulis, ed., B308 of NATO ASI Series (Kluwer Academic, Dordrecht, The Netherlands, 1996). [CrossRef]
  9. J. C. Knight and P. St. J. Russell, �??New ways to guide light,�?? Science 296, 276 (2002). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. R. F. Cregan, B. J. Mangan, J. C. Knight, T. A. Birks, P. St. J. Russell, P. J. Roberts, and D. C. Allan, �??Single-mode photonic band gap guidance of light in air,�?? Science 285, 1537 (1999). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. J. C. Knight, J. Broeng, T. A. Birks, and P. St. J. Russell, �??Photonic band gap guidance in optical fibers,�?? Science 282, 1476 (1998). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. M. A. Duguay, Y. Kokubun, T. L. Koch and L. Pfeiffer, �??Antiresonant reflecting optical waveguides in SiO2-Si multilayer structures,�?? Appl. Phys. Lett. 49, 13 (1986) [CrossRef]
  13. J. N. Winn, Y. Fink, S. Fan, and J. D. Joannopoulos, �??Omnidirectional reflection from a one-dimensional photonic crystal,�?? Opt. Lett. 23, 1573 (1998). [CrossRef]
  14. Y. Fink, J. N. Winn, S. Fan, C. Chen, J. Michel, J. D. Joannopoulos, and E. L. Thomas, �??A dielectric omnidirectional reflector,�?? Science 282, 1679 (1998). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  15. D. N. Chigrin, A. V. Lavrinenko, D. A. Yarotsky, and S. V. Gaponenko, �??Observation of total omnidirectional reflection from a one-dimensional dielectric lattice,�?? Appl. Phys. A 68, 25 (1999). [CrossRef]
  16. J. D. Jackson, Classical Electrodynamics (Wiley, 1999)

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.


Fig. 1. Fig. 2. Fig. 3.

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited