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Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: Michael Duncan
  • Vol. 12, Iss. 21 — Oct. 18, 2004
  • pp: 5067–5081

Femtosecond light pulse propagation through metallic nanohole arrays: The role of the dielectric substrate

Roland Müller, Claus Ropers, and Christoph Lienau  »View Author Affiliations

Optics Express, Vol. 12, Issue 21, pp. 5067-5081 (2004)

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We study theoretically ultrafast light propagation through a periodic array of holes in a silver film deposited on a dielectric substrate using a three-dimensional finite-difference time-domain (FDTD) simulation. We focus on studying the effects of the coherent coupling between resonant surface plasmon polariton (SPP) excitations at the top and bottom interfaces of the metal film on the transmission dynamics. In a free standing film, the SPP excitations at both interfaces are fully in resonance and pronounced temporal oscillations in the energy flow between the bottom and top interfaces give evidence for coupling between the (±1,0) SPP modes via photon tunneling through the holes. Variation of the dielectric constant of the substrate lifts the energetic degeneracy between the two modes and thus decreases the coupling and suppresses the energy oscillations. New SPP-enhanced transmission peaks appear when higher order modes at the substrate/metal interface are brought into resonance with the (±1,0) air/metal resonance and efficient mode coupling is achieved. Both temporal transmission dynamics and near-field mode profiles are reported and their implications for tailoring the optical properties of these two-dimensional plasmonic crystals are discussed.

© 2004 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(050.0050) Diffraction and gratings : Diffraction and gratings
(240.6680) Optics at surfaces : Surface plasmons
(310.6860) Thin films : Thin films, optical properties
(320.2250) Ultrafast optics : Femtosecond phenomena

ToC Category:
Research Papers

Original Manuscript: July 16, 2004
Revised Manuscript: October 2, 2004
Published: October 18, 2004

Roland Müller, Claus Ropers, and Christoph Lienau, "Femtosecond light pulse propagation through metallic nanohole arrays: The role of the dielectric substrate," Opt. Express 12, 5067-5081 (2004)

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