OSA's Digital Library

Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: Michael Duncan
  • Vol. 12, Iss. 21 — Oct. 18, 2004
  • pp: 5146–5453

Three-dimensional photonic-crystal cavity with an embedded quantum dot as a nonclassical light emitter

Yu Ben, Zhibiao Hao, Changzheng Sun, Fan Ren, Ning Tan, and Yi Luo  »View Author Affiliations

Optics Express, Vol. 12, Issue 21, pp. 5146-5453 (2004)

View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (590 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools



In this paper, we introduce a hybrid three-dimensional photonic-crystal cavity with an embedded quantum dot, and investigate the dynamics of the cavity-quantum dot system. The general procedure of modelling such a practical structure is presented, where the master equation is solved on the basis of the parameters obtained from defect mode analyses. According to our study, this structure can be engineered to achieve a nearly deterministic single photon gun. The excitation power is found to have an optimal value in terms of photon emission efficiency. Large excitation pulse duration is believed to cause a spurious peak in the second-order coherence measurement.

© 2004 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(230.3990) Optical devices : Micro-optical devices
(250.0250) Optoelectronics : Optoelectronics
(270.0270) Quantum optics : Quantum optics

ToC Category:
Research Papers

Original Manuscript: August 24, 2004
Revised Manuscript: October 6, 2004
Published: October 18, 2004

Yu Ben, Zhibiao Hao, Changzheng Sun, Fan Ren, Ning Tan, and Yi Luo, "Three-dimensional photonic-crystal cavity with an embedded quantum dot as a nonclassical light emitter," Opt. Express 12, 5146-5453 (2004)

Sort:  Journal  |  Reset  


  1. E. Yablonovitch, �??Inhibited spontaneous emission in solid-state physics and electronics,�?? Phy. Rev. Lett. 58, 2059 (1987). [CrossRef]
  2. O. Painter, R.K. Lee, A. Scherer, A. Yariv, J.D. O�??Brien, P.D. Dapkus, and I. Kim, �??Two-dimensional photonic band-gap defect mode laser,�?? Science 284, 1819 (1999). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. M. Pelton, C. Santori, J. Vuckovic, B. Zhang, G.S. Solomon, J. Plant and Y. Yamamoto, �??Efficient source of single photons: a single quantum dot in a micropost microcavity,�?? Phys. Rev. Lett. 89, 233602 (2002). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. C. Santori, D. Fattal, J. Vuckovic, G.S. Solomon, �??Indistinguishable photons from a single-photon device,�?? Nature 419, 594 (2002). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. H. Kimble, �??Structures and dynamics,�?? in cavity quantum electrodynamics, P Berman, ed. (Academic press,1994)
  6. O. Benson, C. Santori, M. Pelton, and Y. Yamamoto, �??Regulated and entangled photons from a single quantum dot,�?? Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 2513 (2000). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. J. Vuckovic and Y. Yamamoto, �??Photonic-crystal microcavities for cavity quantum electrodynamics with a single quantum dot,�?? Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 2374 (2003). [CrossRef]
  8. A. Imamoglu, D. Awschalom, G. Burkard, D.P. DiVincenzo, D. Loss, M. Sherwin, and A. Small, �??Quantum information processing using quantum dot spins and cavity QED,�?? Phys. Rev. Lett. 83, 4204 (1999). [CrossRef]
  9. M. Pelton, J. Vuckovic, G. Solomon, A. Scherer, and Y. Yamamoto, �??Three-dimensionally confined modes in micropost microcavities: quality factors and Purcell factors,�?? IEEE J. Quantum. Electron. 38, 170 (2002). [CrossRef]
  10. O. Painter, J. Vuckovic, and A. Scherer, �??Defect modes of a two-dimensional photonic-crystal in an optically thin dielectric slab,�?? J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 16, 275 (1999). [CrossRef]
  11. C. Santori, M. Pelton, G. Solomon, Y. Dale and Y. Yamamoto, �??Triggered single photons from a quantum dot,�?? Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 1502-1505 (2001). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. G. Solomon, M. Pelton, and Y. Yamamoto, �??Single-mode spontaneous emission from a single quantum dot in a three-dimensional microcavity,�?? Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 3903 (2001). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. A. Kiraz, C. Reese, B. Gayral, L. Zhang, W. Schoenfeld, B. Gerardot, P. Petroff, E. Hu, and A. Imamoglu, �??Cavity-quantum electrodynamics with quantum dots,�?? J. Opt. B 5, 129 (2003). [CrossRef]
  14. J. Vuckovic, M. Loncar, H. Mabuchi, and A. Scherer, �??Design of photonic-crystal microcavities for cavity QED,�?? Phys. Rev. E 65, 016608 (2001). [CrossRef]
  15. J. Vuckovic, M. Pelton, A. Scherer, and Y. Yamamoto, �??Optimization of three-dimensional micropost microcavities for cavity quantum electrodynamics,�?? Phys. Rev. A 66, 023808 (2002). [CrossRef]
  16. S. Guo and S. Albin, �??Numerical techniques for excitation and analysis of defect modes in photoniccrystals,�?? Opt. Express 11, 1080 (2003), <a href="http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-11-9-1080">http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-11-9-1080.</a> [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  17. D. Walls and G. Milburn, Quantum Optics (Springer, 1994).
  18. C.K. Law and H.J. Kimble, �??Deterministic generation of a bit-stream of single-photon pulses,�?? J. Mod. Opt. 44, 2067 (1997).
  19. M.B. Plenio and P.L. Knight, �??The quantum-jump approach to dissipative dynamics in quantum optics,�?? Rev. Mod. Phys. 70, 101 (1998). [CrossRef]
  20. E. Purcell, �??Spontaneous emission probabilities at radio frequencies,�?? Phys. Rev. 69, 681 (1946).
  21. J.M. Gerard, B. Sermage, B. Gayral, B. Legrand, E. Costard, and V. Thierry-Mieg, �??Enhanced spontaneous emission by quantum boxes in a monolithic optical microcavity,�?? Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 1110 (1998). [CrossRef]
  22. J. Gerard and B. Gayral, �??Strong Purcell effect for InAs quantum boxes in three-dimensional solid-state microcavities,�?? J. Light. Tech. 17, 2089 (1999). [CrossRef]
  23. Ph. Lalanne, S. Mias, and J.P. Hugonin, �??Two physical mechanisms for boosting the quality factor to cavity volume ratio of photonic-crystal microcavities,�?? Opt. Express 12, 458 (2004), <a href="http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-12-3-458.">http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-12-3-458.</a> [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  24. S. Johnson, S. Fan, A. Mekis, and J. Joannopoulos, �??Multipole-cancellation mechanism for high-Q cavities in the absence of a complete photonic band gap,�?? Appl. Phys. Lett. 78, 3388 (2001). [CrossRef]
  25. P. Grangier, G. Reymond, and Schlosser, �??Implementations of quantum computing using cavity quantum electrodynamics schemes,�?? Fortschr. Phys. 48, 859 (2000). [CrossRef]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited