OSA's Digital Library

Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: Michael Duncan
  • Vol. 12, Iss. 22 — Nov. 1, 2004
  • pp: 5336–5344

Gain-modulated Axi-Vision Camera (high speed high-accuracy depth-mapping camera)

Masahiro Kawakita, Keigo Iizuka, Rei Iwama, Kuniharu Takizawa, Hiroshi Kikuchi, and Fumio Sato  »View Author Affiliations


Optics Express, Vol. 12, Issue 22, pp. 5336-5344 (2004)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/OPEX.12.005336


View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (868 KB)





Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


   


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

Share
Citations

Abstract

We describe a novel real-time depth-mapping camera, the Gain-modulated Axi-Vision Camera, where pulsed laser light is combined with a gain-modulated camera. Depth resolution of 2.4 mm was obtained, which is higher than the resolution of the previously reported depth-mapping Axi-Vision Camera. Pixel-by-pixel depth information of 768×493 pixels is obtainable at one half of the video frame rate (15 Hz). A short movie clip is attached that illustrates the depth measurement operation. The merits of the Gain-modulated Axi-Vision Camera are high-resolution, real-time operation, and a relatively simple optical system. These merits primarily arise from the ultra-fast exposure time using a pulsed laser diode.

© 2004 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(110.6880) Imaging systems : Three-dimensional image acquisition
(150.5670) Machine vision : Range finding
(150.6910) Machine vision : Three-dimensional sensing

ToC Category:
Research Papers

History
Original Manuscript: September 13, 2004
Revised Manuscript: October 13, 2004
Published: November 1, 2004

Citation
Masahiro Kawakita, Keigo Iizuka, Rei Iwama, Kuniharu Takizawa, Hiroshi Kikuchi, and Fumio Sato, "Gain-modulated Axi-Vision Camera (high speed high-accuracy depth-mapping camera)," Opt. Express 12, 5336-5344 (2004)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-12-22-5336


Sort:  Journal  |  Reset  

References

  1. H. Shimotahira, K. Iizuka, S.-C. Chu, C. Wah, F. Costen, and Y. Yoshikuni, �??Three-dimensional laser microvision,�?? Appl. Opt. 40, 1784-1794 (2001) [CrossRef]
  2. H. Shimotahira, K. Iizuka, F. Taga, and S. Fujii, �??3D laser microvision,�?? in Optical Methods in Biomedical and Environmental Science, H. Ohzu and S. Komatsu, eds. (Elsevier, New York, 1994) pp.113-116
  3. T. Kanamaru, K. Yamada, T. Ichikawa, T. Naemura, K. Aizawa, and T. Saito, �??Acquisition of 3D image representation in multimedia ambiance communication using 3D laser scanner and digital camera,�?? in Three-Dimensional Image Capture and Applications III, B. D. Corner and J. H. Nurre, eds., Proc. SPIE 3958, 80-89 (2000).
  4. D. A. Green, F. Blais, J.-A. Beraldin, and L. Cournoyer, �??MDSP: a modular DSP architecture for a realtime 3D laser range sensor,�?? in Three-Dimensional Image Capture and Applications V, B. D. Corner, R. P. Pargas, and J. H. Nurre, eds., Proc. SPIE 4661, 9-19 (2002)
  5. V. H. Chan and M. Samaan, �??Spherical/cylindrical laser scanner for geometric reverse engineering,�?? in Three-Dimensional Image Capture and Applications VI, B. D. Corner, P. Li, and R. P. Pargas, eds., Proc. SPIE 5302, 33-40 (2004)
  6. T. Kanade, A. Yoshida, K. Oda, H. Kano, and M. Tanaka, �??A stereo machine for video-rate dense depthmapping and its new applications,�?? in Proceedings of the 15th Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition Conference (San Francisco, California, 1996), pp. 196-202
  7. Y. Oike, M. Ikeda, and K. Asada, �??Design and implementation of real-time 3-D image sensor with 640 �? 480 pixel resolution,�?? IEEE J. Solid-State Circuits, 39, 622-628 (2004) [CrossRef]
  8. G. Frankowski, M. Chen, and T. Huth, �??Real-time 3D shape measurement with digital stripe projection by Texas Instruments micro mirror devices DMD,�?? in Three-Dimensional Image Capture and Applications III, B. D. Corner and J. H. Nurre, eds., Proc. SPIE 3958, 90-105 (2000)
  9. M. H. Demers, J. D. Hurley, R. C. Wulpern, and J. R. Grindon, �??Three dimensional surface capture for body measurement using projected sinusoidal patterns,�?? in Three-Dimensional Image Capture and Applications, R. N. Ellson and J. H. Nurre, eds., Proc. SPIE 3023, 13-25 (1997)
  10. T. Abe, K. Tokai, Y. Yamaguchi, P. Nishikawa, and T. Iyoda, �??New range finder based on the re-encoding method and its application to 3D object modeling,�?? in Three-dimensional Image Capture and Applications V. B.D. Corner, R. P. Pargas, and J.H. Nurre, eds., Proc. SPIE 4661, 20-29 (2002)
  11. T. Azuma, K. Uomori, and A. Morimura, �??Real-time active range finder using light intensity modulation,�?? in Three-Dimensional Image Capture and Applications II, B. D. Corner and J. H. Nurre, eds., Proc. SPIE 3640, 11-20 (1999)
  12. Y. B. Choi and S. W. Kim, �??Phase-shifting grating projection moiré topography,�?? Opt. Eng. 37, 1005-1010 (1998) [CrossRef]
  13. J. T. Oh, S. Y. Lee, and S. W. Kim, �??Scanning projection grating moiré topography,�?? in Three-Dimensional Image Capture and Applications III, B. D. Corner and J. H. Nurre, eds., Proc. SPIE 3958, 46-51 (2000)
  14. L. G. Gregoris and K. Iizuka, �??Moiré microwave holography,�?? Appl. Opt. 16, 418-426 (1977). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  15. R. Schwarte, Z. Xu, H.-G. Heinol, J. Olk, and B. Buxbaum, �??New optical four-quadrant phase-detector integrated into a photogate array for small and precise 3D-cameras,�??in Three-Dimensional Image Capture and Applications, R. N. Ellson and J. H. Nurre, eds., Proc. SPIE, 3023, 119-128 (1997)
  16. H. Höfler, V. Jetter, and E. Wagner, �??3D-profiling by optical demodulation with an image intensifier,�?? in Three-Dimensional Image Capture and Applications II, B. D. Corner and J. H. Nurre, eds., Proc. SPIE 3640, 21-27 (1999)
  17. M. Kawakita, K. Iizuka, T. Aida, H. Kikuchi, H. Fujikake, J. Yonai, and K. Takizawa, �??Axi-Vision Camera (real-time distance-mapping camera,�?? Appl. Opt. 39, 3931-3939 (2000) [CrossRef]
  18. G. J. Iddan and G. Yahav, �??3D imaging in the studio (and elsewhere...),�?? in Three-Dimensional Image Capture and Applications IV, B. D. Corner J. H. Nurre, and R. P. Pargas, eds., Proc. SPIE 4298, 48-55 (2001)
  19. B. Büttgen, T. Oggier, R. Kaufmann, P. Seitz, and N. Blanc, �??Demonstration of a novel drift field pixel structure for the demodulation of modulated light waves with application in three-dimensional image capture,�?? in Three-Dimensional Image Capture and Applications VI, B. D. Corner, P. Li, and R. P. Pargas, eds., Proc. SPIE 5302, 9-20 (2004)
  20. M. Kawakita, K. Iizuka, H. Nakamura, I. Mizuno, T. Kurita, T. Aida, Y. Yamanouchi, H. Mitsumine, T. Fukaya, H. Kikuchi, and F. Sato, �??High-definition real-time depth-mapping TV camera: HDTV Axi-Vision Camera,�?? Opt. Express 12, 2781-2794 (2004), <a href="http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-12-12-2781">http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-12-12-2781</a> [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  21. M. Kawakita, K. Iizuka, T. Aida, T. Kurita, and H. Kikuchi, �??Real-time three-dimensional video image composition by depth information,�?? IEICE Electronics Express 1, 237-242 (2004), <a href="http://www.jstage.jst.go.jp/article/elex/1/9/1_237/_article">http://www.jstage.jst.go.jp/article/elex/1/9/1_237/_article</a> [CrossRef]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

Multimedia

Multimedia FilesRecommended Software
» Media 1: MOV (2981 KB)     

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited