OSA's Digital Library

Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: Michael Duncan
  • Vol. 12, Iss. 22 — Nov. 1, 2004
  • pp: 5418–5423

Linear and nonlinear optical responses influenced by broken symmetry in an array of gold nanoparticles

Brian K. Canfield, Sami Kujala, Konstantins Jefimovs, Jari Turunen, and Martti Kauranen  »View Author Affiliations

Optics Express, Vol. 12, Issue 22, pp. 5418-5423 (2004)

View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (435 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools



An array of low-symmetry, L-shaped gold nanoparticles is shown to exhibit high sensitivity to the state of incident polarization. Small imperfections in the shape of the actual particles, including asymmetric arm lengths and edge distortions, break the symmetry attributed to an ideal particle. This broken symmetry leads to a large angular displacement of the extinction axes from their expected locations. More significantly, second-harmonic generation experiments reveal significant second-order susceptibility tensor components forbidden to the ideal symmetry.

© 2004 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(190.4720) Nonlinear optics : Optical nonlinearities of condensed matter
(260.3910) Physical optics : Metal optics
(260.5430) Physical optics : Polarization

ToC Category:
Research Papers

Original Manuscript: October 1, 2004
Revised Manuscript: October 19, 2004
Published: November 1, 2004

Brian Canfield, Sami Kujala, Konstantins Jefimovs, Jari Turunen, and Martti Kauranen, "Linear and nonlinear optical responses influenced by broken symmetry in an array of gold nanoparticles," Opt. Express 12, 5418-5423 (2004)

Sort:  Journal  |  Reset  


  1. W. Gotschy, K. Vonmetz, A. Leitner, and F. R. Aussenegg, �??Optical dichroism of lithographically designed silver nanoparticles,�?? Opt. Lett. 21, 1099�??1101 (1996). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. W. Gotschy, K. Vonmetz, A. Leitner, and F. R. Aussenegg, �??Thin films by regular patterns of metal nanoparticles: tailoring the optical properties by nanodesign,�?? Appl. Phys. B 63, 381�??384 (1996).
  3. S. Linden, J. Kuhl, and H. Giessen, �??Controlling the Interaction between Light and Gold Nanoparticles: Selective Suppression of Extinction,�?? Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 4688�??4691 (2001). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. W. Rechberger, A. Hohenau, A. Leitner, J. R. Krenn, B. Lamprecht, and F. R. Aussenegg, �??Optical properties of two interacting gold nanoparticles,�?? Opt. Commun. 220, 137�??141 (2003). [CrossRef]
  5. K.-H. Su, Q.-H. Wei, X. Zhang, J. J. Mock, D. R. Smith, and S. Schultz, �??Interparticle Coupling Effects on Plasmon Resonances of Nanogold Particles,�?? Nano Lett. 3, 1087�??1090 (2003). [CrossRef]
  6. J. Aizpurua, P. Hanarp, D. S. Sutherland, M. Käll, G. W. Bryant, and F. J. G. d. Abajo, �??Optical properties of gold nanorings,�?? Phys. Rev. Lett. 90, 057401 (2003). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. C. L. Haynes, A. D. McFarland, L. L. Zhao, R. P. V. Duyne, G. C. Schatz, L. Gunnarsson, J. Prikulis, B. Kasemo, and M. Käll, �??Nanoparticle Optics: The Importance of Radiative Dipole Coupling in Two-Dimensional Nanoparticle Arrays,�?? J. Phys. Chem. B 107, 7337�??7342 (2003). [CrossRef]
  8. G. Schider, J. R. Krenn, A. Hohenau, H. Ditlbacher, A. Leitner, F. R. Aussenegg, W. L. Schaich, I. Puscasu, B. Monacelli, and G. Boreman, �??Plasmon dispersion relation of Au and Ag nanowires,�?? Phys. Rev. B 68, 155427 (2003). [CrossRef]
  9. T. Vallius, K. Jefimovs, J. Turunen, P. Vahimaa, and Y. Svirko, �??Optical activity in subwavelength-period arrays of chiral metallic particles,�?? Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 234�??236 (2003). [CrossRef]
  10. A. Papakostas, A. Potts, D. M. Bagnall, S. L. Prosvirnin, H. J. Coles, and N. I. Zheludev, �??Optical Manifestations of Planar Chirality,�?? Phys. Rev. Lett. 90, 107404 (2003). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. B. Lamprecht, A. Leitner, and F. R. Aussenegg, �??SHG studies of plasmon dephasing in nanoparticles,�?? Appl. Phys. B 68, 419�??423 (1999). [CrossRef]
  12. H. Tuovinen, M. Kauranen, K. Jefimovs, P. Vahimaa, T. Vallius, and J. Turunen, �??Linear and second-order nonlinear optical properties of arrays of noncentrosymmetric gold nanoparticles,�?? J. Nonlinear Opt. Phys. 11, 421�??432 (2002). [CrossRef]
  13. V. M. Shalaev and A. K. Sarychev, �??Nonlinear optics of random metal-dielectric films,�?? Phys. Rev. B 57, 13,265�??13,288 (1998). [CrossRef]
  14. M. I. Stockman, D. J. Bergman, C. Anceau, S. Brasselet, and J. Zyss, �??Enhanced Second-Harmonic Generation by Metal Surfaces with Nanoscale Roughness: Nanoscale Dephasing, Depolarization, and Correlations,�?? Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 057402 (2004). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  15. A. K. Sarychev, V. A. Shubin, and V. M. Shalaev, �??Anderson localization of surface plasmons and nonlinear optics of metal-dielectric composites,�?? Phys. Rev. B 60, 16,389�??16,408 (1999). [CrossRef]
  16. K. Li, M. I. Stockman, and D. J. Bergman, �??Self-Similar Chain of Metal Nanospheres as an Efficient Nanolens,�?? Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 227402 (2003). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  17. B. K. Canfield, S. Kujala, M. Kauranen, K. Jefimovs, T. Vallius, and J. Turunen, �??Remarkable polarization sensitivity of gold nanoparticle arrays,�?? submitted Sept. 2004 to Appl. Phys. Lett.
  18. Y. R. Shen, The Principles of Nonlinear Optics (John Wiley & Sons, New York, 1984).
  19. R. W. Boyd, Nonlinear Optics (Academic Press, San Diego, 1992).
  20. M. Kauranen, T. Verbiest, and A. Persoons, �??Second-order nonlinear optical signatures of surface chirality,�?? J. Mod. Opt. 45, 403�??423 (1998). [CrossRef]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.


Fig. 1. Fig. 2. Fig. 3.
Fig. 4.

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited